How Diverse Detrital Environments Influence Nutrient Stoichiometry between Males and Females of the Co-Occurring Container Mosquitoes Aedes albopictus, Ae. aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus
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{"title"=>"How diverse detrital environments influence nutrient stoichiometry between males and females of the co-occurring container mosquitoes aedes albopictus, ae. aegypti, and culex quinquefasciatus", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Donald A.", "last_name"=>"Yee", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102066504"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael G.", "last_name"=>"Kaufman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202849563"}, {"first_name"=>"Nnaemeka F.", "last_name"=>"Ezeakacha", "scopus_author_id"=>"56719826900"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84942124822", "sgr"=>"84942124822", "pui"=>"606057509", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"26244643", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0133734"}, "id"=>"146d99ae-5d4f-3576-ac3c-05b126a07ecb", "abstract"=>"Allocation patterns of carbon and nitrogen in animals are influenced by food quality and quantity, as well as by inherent metabolic and physiological constraints within organisms. Whole body stoichiometry also may vary between the sexes who differ in development rates and reproductive allocation patterns. In aquatic containers, such as tree holes and tires, detrital inputs, which vary in amounts of carbon and nitrogen, form the basis of the mosquito-dominated food web. Differences in development times and mass between male and female mosquitoes may be the result of different reproductive constraints, which could also influence patterns of nutrient allocation. We examined development time, survival, and adult mass for males and females of three co-occurring species, Aedes albopictus, Ae. aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus, across environments with different ratios of animal and leaf detritus. We quantified the contribution of detritus to biomass using stable isotope analysis and measured tissue carbon and nitrogen concentrations among species and between the sexes. Development times were shorter and adults were heavier for Aedes in animal versus leaf-only environments, whereas Culex development times were invariant across detritus types. Aedes displayed similar survival across detritus types whereas C. quinquefasciatus showed decreased survival with increasing leaf detritus. All species had lower values of 15N and 13C in leaf-only detritus compared to animal, however, Aedes generally had lower tissue nitrogen compared to C. quinquefasciatus. There were no differences in the C:N ratio between male and female Aedes, however, Aedes were different than C. quinquefasciatus adults, with male C. quinquefasciatus significantly higher than females. Culex quinquefasciatus was homeostatic across detrital environments. These results allow us to hypothesize an underlying stoichiometric explanation for the variation in performance of different container species under similar detrital environments, and if supported may assist in explaining the production of vector populations in nature.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/diverse-detrital-environments-influence-nutrient-stoichiometry-between-males-females-cooccurring-con", "reader_count"=>28, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Materials Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1, "Mexico"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2201500"], "description"=>"<p>Detritus ratios are expressed in units, where one unit = 0.10 g.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Culex development times", "survival", "Culex quinquefasciatus", "development times", "Whole body stoichiometry", "detritus types", "detrital environments", "leaf detritus", "Culex quinquefasciatus Allocation patterns", "Diverse Detrital Environments Influence Nutrient Stoichiometry", "species", "Aede"], "article_id"=>1502896, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Donald A. Yee", "Michael G. Kaufman", "Nnaemeka F. Ezeakacha"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133734.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Development_times_mean_SE_for_male_and_female_a_Aedes_aegypti_b_Aedes_albopictus_and_c_Culex_quinquefasciatus_across_detritus_ratios_animal_leaf_/1502896", "title"=>"Development times (mean ± SE) for male and female (a) <i>Aedes aegypti</i>, (b) <i>Aedes albopictus</i> and (c) <i>Culex quinquefasciatus</i>, across detritus ratios (animal:leaf).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-05 03:03:24"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2201502"], "description"=>"<p>Letters represent Tukey-post Hoc test results. Means sharing same letters are not significantly different. Detritus ratios are expressed in units, where one unit = 0.10 g.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Culex development times", "survival", "Culex quinquefasciatus", "development times", "Whole body stoichiometry", "detritus types", "detrital environments", "leaf detritus", "Culex quinquefasciatus Allocation patterns", "Diverse Detrital Environments Influence Nutrient Stoichiometry", "species", "Aede"], "article_id"=>1502898, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Donald A. Yee", "Michael G. Kaufman", "Nnaemeka F. Ezeakacha"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133734.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Survivorship_mean_SE_of_percentage_surviving_of_Aedes_aegypti_Aedes_albopictus_and_Culex_quinquefasciatus_across_animal_and_leaf_detritus_ratios_/1502898", "title"=>"Survivorship (mean ± SE of percentage surviving) of <i>Aedes aegypti</i>, <i>Aedes albopictus</i> and <i>Culex quinquefasciatus</i> across animal and leaf detritus ratios.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-05 03:03:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2201503"], "description"=>"<p>Values are means ± SE from three replicates (except AE 1:1 and CX 0:10 which each had only one sample). Detritus ratios are expressed in units, where one unit = 0.10 g.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Culex development times", "survival", "Culex quinquefasciatus", "development times", "Whole body stoichiometry", "detritus types", "detrital environments", "leaf detritus", "Culex quinquefasciatus Allocation patterns", "Diverse Detrital Environments Influence Nutrient Stoichiometry", "species", "Aede"], "article_id"=>1502899, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Donald A. Yee", "Michael G. Kaufman", "Nnaemeka F. Ezeakacha"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133734.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bi_plot_of_stable_isotope_composition_of_detritus_and_adult_Aedes_aegypti_AE_A_albopictus_AA_and_Culex_quinquefasciatus_CX_across_detritus_ratios_animal_plant_/1502899", "title"=>"Bi-plot of stable isotope composition of detritus and adult <i>Aedes aegypti</i> (AE), <i>A</i>. <i>albopictus</i> (AA), and <i>Culex quinquefasciatus</i> (CX) across detritus ratios (animal:plant).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-05 03:03:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2201504"], "description"=>"<p>Values are means ± SE from three replicates (except AE 1:1 and CX 0:10 which each had only one sample). Detritus ratios are expressed in units, where one unit = 0.10 g.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Culex development times", "survival", "Culex quinquefasciatus", "development times", "Whole body stoichiometry", "detritus types", "detrital environments", "leaf detritus", "Culex quinquefasciatus Allocation patterns", "Diverse Detrital Environments Influence Nutrient Stoichiometry", "species", "Aede"], "article_id"=>1502900, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Donald A. Yee", "Michael G. Kaufman", "Nnaemeka F. Ezeakacha"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133734.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ratio_of_tissue_nitrogen_N_and_carbon_C_for_adult_mosquitoes_across_different_a_species_and_ratios_animal_plant_and_b_species_and_sex_/1502900", "title"=>"Ratio of tissue nitrogen (N) and carbon (C) for adult mosquitoes across different a) species and ratios (animal:plant) and b) species and sex.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-05 03:03:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2201505"], "description"=>"<p>Significant effects are presented in bold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Culex development times", "survival", "Culex quinquefasciatus", "development times", "Whole body stoichiometry", "detritus types", "detrital environments", "leaf detritus", "Culex quinquefasciatus Allocation patterns", "Diverse Detrital Environments Influence Nutrient Stoichiometry", "species", "Aede"], "article_id"=>1502901, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Donald A. Yee", "Michael G. Kaufman", "Nnaemeka F. Ezeakacha"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133734.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_multiple_analysis_of_variance_on_15_N_and_948_13_C_values_in_male_and_female_Aedes_albopictus_A_aegypti_and_Culex_quinquefasciatus_across_different_ratios_of_plant_and_animal_detritus_/1502901", "title"=>"Results of multiple analysis of variance on δ<sup>15</sup>N and δ<sup>13</sup>C values in male and female <i>Aedes albopictus</i>, <i>A</i>. <i>aegypti</i>, and <i>Culex quinquefasciatus</i> across different ratios of plant and animal detritus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-05 03:03:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2201506"], "description"=>"<p>Significant effects are presented in bold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Culex development times", "survival", "Culex quinquefasciatus", "development times", "Whole body stoichiometry", "detritus types", "detrital environments", "leaf detritus", "Culex quinquefasciatus Allocation patterns", "Diverse Detrital Environments Influence Nutrient Stoichiometry", "species", "Aede"], "article_id"=>1502902, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Donald A. Yee", "Michael G. Kaufman", "Nnaemeka F. Ezeakacha"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133734.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_multiple_analysis_of_variance_on_nitrogen_mg_and_carbon_mg_values_in_male_and_female_Aedes_albopictus_A_aegypti_and_Culex_quinquefasciatus_across_different_ratios_of_plant_and_animal_detritus_/1502902", "title"=>"Results of multiple analysis of variance on nitrogen (mg) and carbon (mg) values in male and female <i>Aedes albopictus</i>, <i>A</i>. <i>aegypti</i>, and <i>Culex quinquefasciatus</i> across different ratios of plant and animal detritus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-05 03:03:24"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2201507"], "description"=>"<p>Pure samples of plant and animal detritus are also included. Only one replicate for female <i>A</i>. <i>aegypti</i> in the 1:1 ratio was useable and only one replicate of <i>C</i>. <i>quinquefasciatus</i> in the 0:10 ratio produced enough adults to analyze. All other combinations are the result of three replicates.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Culex development times", "survival", "Culex quinquefasciatus", "development times", "Whole body stoichiometry", "detritus types", "detrital environments", "leaf detritus", "Culex quinquefasciatus Allocation patterns", "Diverse Detrital Environments Influence Nutrient Stoichiometry", "species", "Aede"], "article_id"=>1502903, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Donald A. Yee", "Michael G. Kaufman", "Nnaemeka F. Ezeakacha"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133734.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Means_SE_of_percent_carbon_and_nitrogen_for_male_and_female_Aedes_aegypti_A_albopictus_and_Culex_quinquefasciatus_grown_under_different_animal_and_leaf_detritus_ratios_1_unit_of_detritus_0_05_g_/1502903", "title"=>"Means (±SE) of percent carbon and nitrogen for male and female <i>Aedes aegypti</i>, <i>A</i>. <i>albopictus</i>, and <i>Culex quinquefasciatus</i> grown under different animal and leaf detritus ratios (1 unit of detritus = 0.05 g).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-05 03:03:24"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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