Can the Results of Biodiversity-Ecosystem Productivity Studies Be Translated to Bioenergy Production?
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{"title"=>"Can the results of biodiversity-ecosystem productivity studies be translated to bioenergy production?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Timothy L.", "last_name"=>"Dickson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004487720"}, {"first_name"=>"Katherine L.", "last_name"=>"Gross", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201602719"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84959386950", "pui"=>"608546209", "sgr"=>"84959386950", "isbn"=>"9", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0135253"}, "id"=>"de7a4c7e-2db9-3341-8b2d-3b054bba518a", "abstract"=>"Biodiversity experiments show that increases in plant diversity can lead\\nto greater biomass production, and some researchers suggest that high\\ndiversity plantings should be used for bioenergy production. However,\\nmany methods used in past biodiversity experiments are impractical for\\nbioenergy plantings. For example, biodiversity experiments often use\\nintensive management such as hand weeding to maintain low diversity\\nplantings and exclude unplanted species, but this would not be done for\\nbioenergy plantings. Also, biodiversity experiments generally use high\\nseeding densities that would be too expensive for bioenergy plantings.\\nHere we report the effects of biodiversity on biomass production from\\ntwo studies of more realistic bioenergy crop plantings in southern\\nMichigan, USA. One study involved comparing production between\\nswitchgrass (Panicum virgatum) monocultures and species-rich prairie\\nplantings on private farm fields that were managed similarly to\\nbioenergy plantings. The other study was an experiment where switchgrass\\nwas planted in monoculture and in combination with increasingly\\nspecies-rich native prairie mixtures. Overall, we found that bioenergy\\nplantings with higher species richness did not produce more biomass than\\nswitchgrass monocultures. The lack of a positive relationship between\\nplanted species richness and production in our studies may be due to\\nseveral factors. Non-planted species (weeds) were not removed from our\\nstudies and these non-planted species may have competed with planted\\nspecies and also prevented realized species richness from equaling\\nplanted species richness. Also, we found that low seeding density of\\nindividual species limited the biomass production of these individual\\nspecies. Production in future bioenergy plantings with high species\\nrichness may be increased by using a high density of inexpensive seed\\nfrom switchgrass and other highly productive species, and future efforts\\nto translate the results of biodiversity experiments to bioenergy\\nplantings should consider the role of seeding density.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/results-biodiversityecosystem-productivity-studies-translated-bioenergy-production", "reader_count"=>23, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Computer Science"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Energy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Philippines"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258454"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Relationships between seeding density and 2012 biomass production. The points connected by lines show biomass production of species that were planted at different densities in different diversity treatments (only the data points connected by solid lines were included in the analysis, but the switchgrass monoculture is shown to include all the data from each of the species). All error bars are ±1 SE. (B) The expected biomass production of different species planted in the LTER experiment based on the weight of seed added compared to observed biomass production in 2012. Biomass in (A) and (B) was collected from hand harvests.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["seeding density", "bioenergy crop plantings", "usa", "Biodiversity experiments show", "biomass production", "future bioenergy plantings", "Species richness", "biodiversity experiments", "bioenergy plantings", "diversity plantings"], "article_id"=>1539853, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Timothy L. Dickson", "Katherine L. Gross"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Response_of_individual_species_biomass_production_to_seeding_density_in_the_LTER_experiment_/1539853", "title"=>"Response of individual species biomass production to seeding density in the LTER experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-11 02:58:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258458", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258459", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258461", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258462"], "description"=>"<div><p>Biodiversity experiments show that increases in plant diversity can lead to greater biomass production, and some researchers suggest that high diversity plantings should be used for bioenergy production. However, many methods used in past biodiversity experiments are impractical for bioenergy plantings. For example, biodiversity experiments often use intensive management such as hand weeding to maintain low diversity plantings and exclude unplanted species, but this would not be done for bioenergy plantings. Also, biodiversity experiments generally use high seeding densities that would be too expensive for bioenergy plantings. Here we report the effects of biodiversity on biomass production from two studies of more realistic bioenergy crop plantings in southern Michigan, USA. One study involved comparing production between switchgrass (<i>Panicum virgatum</i>) monocultures and species-rich prairie plantings on private farm fields that were managed similarly to bioenergy plantings. The other study was an experiment where switchgrass was planted in monoculture and in combination with increasingly species-rich native prairie mixtures. Overall, we found that bioenergy plantings with higher species richness did not produce more biomass than switchgrass monocultures. The lack of a positive relationship between planted species richness and production in our studies may be due to several factors. Non-planted species (weeds) were not removed from our studies and these non-planted species may have competed with planted species and also prevented realized species richness from equaling planted species richness. Also, we found that low seeding density of individual species limited the biomass production of these individual species. Production in future bioenergy plantings with high species richness may be increased by using a high density of inexpensive seed from switchgrass and other highly productive species, and future efforts to translate the results of biodiversity experiments to bioenergy plantings should consider the role of seeding density.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["seeding density", "bioenergy crop plantings", "usa", "Biodiversity experiments show", "biomass production", "future bioenergy plantings", "Species richness", "biodiversity experiments", "bioenergy plantings", "diversity plantings"], "article_id"=>1539857, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Timothy L. Dickson", "Katherine L. Gross"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Can_the_Results_of_Biodiversity_Ecosystem_Productivity_Studies_Be_Translated_to_Bioenergy_Production_/1539857", "title"=>"Can the Results of Biodiversity-Ecosystem Productivity Studies Be Translated to Bioenergy Production?", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-09-11 02:58:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258456"], "description"=>"<p>The seeding densities in kg ha<sup>-1</sup> for every species planted into the LTER experiment. The columns show the richness levels of different treatments and the respective seeding densities.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["seeding density", "bioenergy crop plantings", "usa", "Biodiversity experiments show", "biomass production", "future bioenergy plantings", "Species richness", "biodiversity experiments", "bioenergy plantings", "diversity plantings"], "article_id"=>1539855, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Timothy L. Dickson", "Katherine L. Gross"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Seeding_densities_for_LTER_experiment_/1539855", "title"=>"Seeding densities for LTER experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-11 02:58:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258455"], "description"=>"<p>Details of each site and the average biomass collected from hand harvests in the two years of sampling; 1 Mg ha<sup>-1</sup> = 892.2 pounds acre<sup>-1</sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["seeding density", "bioenergy crop plantings", "usa", "Biodiversity experiments show", "biomass production", "future bioenergy plantings", "Species richness", "biodiversity experiments", "bioenergy plantings", "diversity plantings"], "article_id"=>1539854, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Timothy L. Dickson", "Katherine L. Gross"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Site_characteristics_for_the_GLBRC_field_surveys_/1539854", "title"=>"Site characteristics for the GLBRC field surveys.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-11 02:58:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258452"], "description"=>"<p>Biomass was collected from tractor harvests. All error bars are ±1 SE; P-values are for comparisons within years.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["seeding density", "bioenergy crop plantings", "usa", "Biodiversity experiments show", "biomass production", "future bioenergy plantings", "Species richness", "biodiversity experiments", "bioenergy plantings", "diversity plantings"], "article_id"=>1539851, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Timothy L. Dickson", "Katherine L. Gross"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_the_number_of_planted_species_and_biomass_production_in_the_LTER_experiment_/1539851", "title"=>"Relationship between the number of planted species and biomass production in the LTER experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-11 02:58:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2258451"], "description"=>"<p>Sites were planted to switchgrass monocultures or diverse prairie species mixes. Biomass was collected from hand harvests. All error bars are ±1 SE of total biomass; P-values are for within-year comparisons.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["seeding density", "bioenergy crop plantings", "usa", "Biodiversity experiments show", "biomass production", "future bioenergy plantings", "Species richness", "biodiversity experiments", "bioenergy plantings", "diversity plantings"], "article_id"=>1539850, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Timothy L. Dickson", "Katherine L. Gross"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135253.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biomass_production_from_GLBRC_field_surveys_/1539850", "title"=>"Biomass production from GLBRC field surveys.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-11 02:58:09"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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