Effects of Classroom Ventilation Rate and Temperature on Students’ Test Scores
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Effects of classroom ventilation rate and temperature on students' test scores", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ulla", "last_name"=>"Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "scopus_author_id"=>"56074223900"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard J.", "last_name"=>"Shaughnessy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701493773"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"26317643", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0136165", "sgr"=>"84943311703", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84943311703", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"606226418"}, "id"=>"20cc02a6-a4a9-368f-86d8-c6a1cdb0dd09", "abstract"=>"Using a multilevel approach, we estimated the effects of classroom ventilation rate and temperature on academic achievement. The analysis is based on measurement data from a 70 elementary school district (140 fifth grade classrooms) from Southwestern United States, and student level data (N = 3109) on socioeconomic variables and standardized test scores. There was a statistically significant association between ventilation rates and mathematics scores, and it was stronger when the six classrooms with high ventilation rates that were indicated as outliers were filtered (> 7.1 l/s per person). The association remained significant when prior year test scores were included in the model, resulting in less unexplained variability. Students' mean mathematics scores (average 2286 points) were increased by up to eleven points (0.5%) per each liter per second per person increase in ventilation rate within the range of 0.9-7.1 l/s per person (estimated effect size 74 points). There was an additional increase of 12-13 points per each 1°C decrease in temperature within the observed range of 20-25°C (estimated effect size 67 points). Effects of similar magnitude but higher variability were observed for reading and science scores. In conclusion, maintaining adequate ventilation and thermal comfort in classrooms could significantly improve academic achievement of students.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-classroom-ventilation-rate-temperature-students-test-scores", "reader_count"=>61, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>4, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2, "Energy"=>2, "Engineering"=>18, "Environmental Science"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Design"=>2, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>5, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>5}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>10}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>4}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>18}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84943311703"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84943311703?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84943311703&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84943311703&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84943311703", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84943311703", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84943311703", "dc:title"=>"Effects of classroom ventilation rate and temperature on students' test scores", "dc:creator"=>"Haverinen-Shaughnessy U.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"8", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-08-28", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"28 August 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0136165", "citedby-count"=>"42", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"National Institute for Health and Welfare", "affiliation-city"=>"Helsinki", "affiliation-country"=>"Finland"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"The University of Tulsa", "affiliation-city"=>"Tulsa", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26317643", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0136165", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0136165", "share_count"=>2, "like_count"=>4, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>6}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"358"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"260"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"218"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"172"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"218"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"184"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"155"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"188"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"263"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"196"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"174"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"366"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"107", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"676"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"895"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"533"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"63", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"514"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"36", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"555"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"94", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"985"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"110", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1033"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"118", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"1368"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"188", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1439"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"117", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"1102"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"104", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"756"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"239", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1100"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"202", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"946"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"132", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"801"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"84", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"416"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"99", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"375"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"89", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"400"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"133", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"783"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"234", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1358"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"203", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"1176"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"118", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1053"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"150", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"716"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"84", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"490"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"91", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"672"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"113", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"494"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"112", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"557"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"72", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"342"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"55", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"359"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"326"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"89", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"983"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"67", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"593"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"117", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"640"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"124", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"599"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"102", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"595"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"125", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"463"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"137", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"535"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"154", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"809"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"106", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"462"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"80", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"205"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"186"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"208"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4324540"], "description"=>"<p>Estimates for ventilation rate and indoor T based on two alternative models<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165#t002fn001\" target=\"_blank\"><sup>a</sup></a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classroom ventilation rate", "ventilation rates", "mathematics scores", "association", "student level data", "Southwestern United States", "effect size 67 points", "variability", "year test scores", "Classroom Ventilation Rate", "effect size 74 points", "Student", "achievement"], "article_id"=>1526784, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience", "Biotechnology", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "Richard J. Shaughnessy"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimates_for_ventilation_rate_and_indoor_T_based_on_two_alternative_models_a_/1526784", "title"=>"Estimates for ventilation rate and indoor T based on two alternative models<sup>a</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-08-28 12:13:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4324543"], "description"=>"<p>Final model<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165#t003fn004\" target=\"_blank\"><sup>a</sup></a> estimates for mathematics score stratified for three largest ethnic groups<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165#t003fn005\" target=\"_blank\"><sup>b</sup></a> (Hispanic, Caucasian and African American), eligibility to free lunch<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165#t003fn006\" target=\"_blank\"><sup>c</sup></a>, gifted status<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165#t003fn007\" target=\"_blank\"><sup>d</sup></a>, and limited English proficiency<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165#t003fn008\" target=\"_blank\"><sup>e</sup></a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classroom ventilation rate", "ventilation rates", "mathematics scores", "association", "student level data", "Southwestern United States", "effect size 67 points", "variability", "year test scores", "Classroom Ventilation Rate", "effect size 74 points", "Student", "achievement"], "article_id"=>1526785, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience", "Biotechnology", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "Richard J. Shaughnessy"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Final_model_a_estimates_for_mathematics_score_stratified_for_three_largest_ethnic_groups_b_Hispanic_Caucasian_and_African_American_eligibility_to_free_lunch_c_gifted_status_d_and_limited_English_proficiency_e_/1526785", "title"=>"Final model<sup>a</sup> estimates for mathematics score stratified for three largest ethnic groups<sup>b</sup> (Hispanic, Caucasian and African American), eligibility to free lunch<sup>c</sup>, gifted status<sup>d</sup>, and limited English proficiency<sup>e</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-08-28 12:13:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4324549"], "description"=>"<p>Final model estimates for fixed effects, reading and science.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classroom ventilation rate", "ventilation rates", "mathematics scores", "association", "student level data", "Southwestern United States", "effect size 67 points", "variability", "year test scores", "Classroom Ventilation Rate", "effect size 74 points", "Student", "achievement"], "article_id"=>1526786, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience", "Biotechnology", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "Richard J. Shaughnessy"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165.t005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Final_model_estimates_for_fixed_effects_reading_and_science_/1526786", "title"=>"Final model estimates for fixed effects, reading and science.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-08-28 12:13:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4324546"], "description"=>"<p>Pearson correlations between test scores.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classroom ventilation rate", "ventilation rates", "mathematics scores", "association", "student level data", "Southwestern United States", "effect size 67 points", "variability", "year test scores", "Classroom Ventilation Rate", "effect size 74 points", "Student", "achievement"], "article_id"=>2663143, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience", "Biotechnology", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "Richard J. Shaughnessy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Pearson_correlations_between_test_scores_/2663143", "title"=>"Pearson correlations between test scores.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-28 12:13:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4324525"], "description"=>"<p>The outliers are labeled with case numbers.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classroom ventilation rate", "ventilation rates", "mathematics scores", "association", "student level data", "Southwestern United States", "effect size 67 points", "variability", "year test scores", "Classroom Ventilation Rate", "effect size 74 points", "Student", "achievement"], "article_id"=>1526778, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience", "Biotechnology", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "Richard J. Shaughnessy"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Box_plots_for_ventilation_rate_l_s_per_person_and_indoor_T_176_C_/1526778", "title"=>"Box plots for ventilation rate [l/s per person] and indoor T [°C].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-08-28 12:13:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4324531"], "description"=>"<p>Solid line corresponds with indoor T below 23°C (73°F).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classroom ventilation rate", "ventilation rates", "mathematics scores", "association", "student level data", "Southwestern United States", "effect size 67 points", "variability", "year test scores", "Classroom Ventilation Rate", "effect size 74 points", "Student", "achievement"], "article_id"=>1526780, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience", "Biotechnology", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "Richard J. Shaughnessy"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Partial_effect_of_ventilation_rate_on_mathematics_score_for_indoor_T_below_and_above_23_176_C_73_176_F_/1526780", "title"=>"Partial effect of ventilation rate on mathematics score for indoor T below and above 23°C (73°F).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-08-28 12:13:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4324534"], "description"=>"<p>Solid line corresponds with population means and dotted line with medians.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classroom ventilation rate", "ventilation rates", "mathematics scores", "association", "student level data", "Southwestern United States", "effect size 67 points", "variability", "year test scores", "Classroom Ventilation Rate", "effect size 74 points", "Student", "achievement"], "article_id"=>1526782, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience", "Biotechnology", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "Richard J. Shaughnessy"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Box_plots_for_ventilation_rate_l_s_per_person_and_indoor_T_176_C_by_ethnic_group_and_eligibility_for_free_lunch_/1526782", "title"=>"Box plots for ventilation rate [l/s per person] and indoor T [°C] by ethnic group and eligibility for free lunch.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-08-28 12:13:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4324537"], "description"=>"<p>Descriptive statistics, parameter estimates for each fixed effect individually, and final model estimates for mathematics score<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165#t001fn001\" target=\"_blank\"><sup>a</sup></a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["classroom ventilation rate", "ventilation rates", "mathematics scores", "association", "student level data", "Southwestern United States", "effect size 67 points", "variability", "year test scores", "Classroom Ventilation Rate", "effect size 74 points", "Student", "achievement"], "article_id"=>1526783, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Neuroscience", "Biotechnology", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy", "Richard J. Shaughnessy"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136165.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_statistics_parameter_estimates_for_each_fixed_effect_individually_and_final_model_estimates_for_mathematics_score_a_/1526783", "title"=>"Descriptive statistics, parameter estimates for each fixed effect individually, and final model estimates for mathematics score<sup>a</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-08-28 12:13:53"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"99", "full-text"=>"117", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"161", "full-text"=>"195", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"183", "full-text"=>"236", "pdf"=>"27", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"184", "full-text"=>"241", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"156", "full-text"=>"184", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"224", "full-text"=>"276", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"212", "full-text"=>"253", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"267", "full-text"=>"341", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"196", "full-text"=>"222", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"191", "full-text"=>"205", "pdf"=>"36", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"170", "full-text"=>"209", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"348", "full-text"=>"476", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"370", "full-text"=>"501", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"455", "full-text"=>"578", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"391", "full-text"=>"492", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"311", "full-text"=>"410", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"221", "full-text"=>"275", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"293", "full-text"=>"342", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"296", "full-text"=>"355", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"223", "full-text"=>"258", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"166", "full-text"=>"202", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"345", "full-text"=>"402", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"174", "full-text"=>"216", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"124", "full-text"=>"167", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"230", "full-text"=>"285", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"293", "full-text"=>"403", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"176", "full-text"=>"225", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"319", "full-text"=>"392", "pdf"=>"16", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"226", "full-text"=>"275", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"203", "full-text"=>"247", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"201", "full-text"=>"252", "pdf"=>"20", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"134", "full-text"=>"150", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"148", "full-text"=>"162", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"172", "full-text"=>"209", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"161", "full-text"=>"204", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"228", "full-text"=>"270", "pdf"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"207", "full-text"=>"273", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"262", "full-text"=>"354", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"203", "full-text"=>"272", "pdf"=>"21", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"119", "full-text"=>"161", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"138", "full-text"=>"162", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts