Pulotu: Database of Austronesian Supernatural Beliefs and Practices
Publication Date
September 23, 2015
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Joseph Watts, Oliver Sheehan, Simon J. Greenhill, Stephanie Gomes Ng, et al
Volume
10
Issue
9
Pages
e0136783
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136783
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0136783
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26398231
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4580586
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26398231
Web of Science
000361797500014
Scopus
84946925143
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/pulotu-database-austronesian-supernatural-beliefs-practices
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2285242"], "description"=>"<p>Organisation of variables in <i>Pulotu</i>, structured into time foci (level 1), sections (level 2) and sub-sections (level 3).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["use phylogenetic methods", "trait evolution", "test predictions", "phylogenetic methods", "Austronesian family", "creator gods", "Practices Scholars", "Pulotu database documents", "model patterns", "spread west", "Austronesian beliefs range", "state reconstruction", "116 cultures", "Austronesian Supernatural Beliefs", "80 variables"], "article_id"=>1553665, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Joseph Watts", "Oliver Sheehan", "Simon J. Greenhill", "Stephanie Gomes-Ng", "Quentin D. Atkinson", "Joseph Bulbulia", "Russell D. Gray"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136783.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pulotu_Variable_Structure_/1553665", "title"=>"<i>Pulotu</i> Variable Structure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-23 03:06:09"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2285257"], "description"=>"<p>Grey represents the absence of a trait, and arrows represent rates of change.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["use phylogenetic methods", "trait evolution", "test predictions", "phylogenetic methods", "Austronesian family", "creator gods", "Practices Scholars", "Pulotu database documents", "model patterns", "spread west", "Austronesian beliefs range", "state reconstruction", "116 cultures", "Austronesian Supernatural Beliefs", "80 variables"], "article_id"=>1553671, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Joseph Watts", "Oliver Sheehan", "Simon J. Greenhill", "Stephanie Gomes-Ng", "Quentin D. Atkinson", "Joseph Bulbulia", "Russell D. Gray"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136783.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Co_evolutionary_model_of_political_complexity_PC_and_Moralising_High_God_MHG_concepts_in_Austronesia_/1553671", "title"=>"Co-evolutionary model of political complexity (PC) and Moralising High God (MHG) concepts in Austronesia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-23 03:06:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2285258"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Ancestral reconstruction of headhunting summarised on a consensus tree of Austronesian languages. Proto-Austronesia (PRA), Proto-Malayo-Polynesian (PMP), Proto-Oceanic (POc), and Proto-Polynesia (PPN) are labelled. The timescale along the horizontal axis indicates the number of years before the present day.(B) Transition rate matrix indicating the likelihood of a culture gaining or losing the practice of headhunting</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["use phylogenetic methods", "trait evolution", "test predictions", "phylogenetic methods", "Austronesian family", "creator gods", "Practices Scholars", "Pulotu database documents", "model patterns", "spread west", "Austronesian beliefs range", "state reconstruction", "116 cultures", "Austronesian Supernatural Beliefs", "80 variables"], "article_id"=>1553672, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Joseph Watts", "Oliver Sheehan", "Simon J. Greenhill", "Stephanie Gomes-Ng", "Quentin D. Atkinson", "Joseph Bulbulia", "Russell D. Gray"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136783.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_Ancestral_reconstruction_of_headhunting_summarised_on_a_consensus_tree_of_Austronesian_languages_Proto_Austronesia_PRA_Proto_Malayo_Polynesian_PMP_Proto_Oceanic_POc_and_Proto_Polynesia_PPN_are_labelled_The_timescale_along_the_horizontal_axis_indicates_/1553672", "title"=>"(A) Ancestral reconstruction of headhunting summarised on a consensus tree of Austronesian languages. Proto-Austronesia (PRA), Proto-Malayo-Polynesian (PMP), Proto-Oceanic (POc), and Proto-Polynesia (PPN) are labelled. The timescale along the horizontal axis indicates the number of years before the present day.(B) Transition rate matrix indicating the likelihood of a culture gaining or losing the practice of headhunting", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-23 03:06:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2285261", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2285262", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2285263"], "description"=>"<div><p>Scholars have debated naturalistic theories of religion for thousands of years, but only recently have scientists begun to test predictions empirically. Existing databases contain few variables on religion, and are subject to Galton’s Problem because they do not sufficiently account for the non-independence of cultures or systematically differentiate the traditional states of cultures from their contemporary states. Here we present <i>Pulotu</i>: the first quantitative cross-cultural database purpose-built to test evolutionary hypotheses of supernatural beliefs and practices. The <i>Pulotu</i> database documents the remarkable diversity of the Austronesian family of cultures, which originated in Taiwan, spread west to Madagascar and east to Easter Island–a region covering over half the world’s longitude. The focus of Austronesian beliefs range from localised ancestral spirits to powerful creator gods. A wide range of practices also exist, such as headhunting, elaborate tattooing, and the construction of impressive monuments. <i>Pulotu</i> is freely available, currently contains 116 cultures, and has 80 variables describing supernatural beliefs and practices, as well as social and physical environments. One major advantage of <i>Pulotu</i> is that it has separate sections on the traditional states of cultures, the post-contact history of cultures, and the contemporary states of cultures. A second major advantage is that cultures are linked to a language-based family tree, enabling the use phylogenetic methods, which can be used to address Galton’s Problem by accounting for common ancestry, to infer deep prehistory, and to model patterns of trait evolution over time. We illustrate the power of phylogenetic methods by performing an ancestral state reconstruction on the <i>Pulotu</i> variable “headhunting\", finding evidence that headhunting was practiced in proto-Austronesian culture. Quantitative cross-cultural databases explicitly linking cultures to a phylogeny have the potential to revolutionise the field of comparative religious studies in the same way that genetic databases have revolutionised the field of evolutionary biology.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["use phylogenetic methods", "trait evolution", "test predictions", "phylogenetic methods", "Austronesian family", "creator gods", "Practices Scholars", "Pulotu database documents", "model patterns", "spread west", "Austronesian beliefs range", "state reconstruction", "116 cultures", "Austronesian Supernatural Beliefs", "80 variables"], "article_id"=>1553675, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Joseph Watts", "Oliver Sheehan", "Simon J. Greenhill", "Stephanie Gomes-Ng", "Quentin D. Atkinson", "Joseph Bulbulia", "Russell D. Gray"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136783.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136783.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136783.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pulotu_Database_of_Austronesian_Supernatural_Beliefs_and_Practices_/1553675", "title"=>"Pulotu: Database of Austronesian Supernatural Beliefs and Practices", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-09-23 03:06:09"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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