Neonicotinoid Insecticides and Their Impacts on Bees: A Systematic Review of Research Approaches and Identification of Knowledge Gaps
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In order to synthesize which research approaches have been used to examine the effect of neonicotinoids on bees and to identify knowledge gaps, we systematically reviewed research on this subject that was available on the Web of Science and PubMed in June 2015. Most of the 216 primary research studies were conducted in Europe or North America (82%), involved the neonicotinoid imidacloprid (78%), and concerned the western honey bee Apis mellifera (75%). Thus, little seems to be known about neonicotinoids and bees in areas outside Europe and North America. Furthermore, because there is considerable variation in ecological traits among bee taxa, studies on honey bees are not likely to fully predict impacts of neonicotinoids on other species. 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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2231294"], "description"=>"<p>Number of studies examining the effect of neonicotinoids on different bee species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["field studies", "pressures future research", "neonicotinoid"], "article_id"=>1526068, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Ola Lundin", "Maj Rundlöf", "Henrik G. Smith", "Ingemar Fries", "Riccardo Bommarco"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136928.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_studies_examining_the_effect_of_neonicotinoids_on_different_bee_species_/1526068", "title"=>"Number of studies examining the effect of neonicotinoids on different bee species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-27 04:00:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2231291"], "description"=>"<p>The single meta-analysis study was published in 2011 [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0136928#pone.0136928.ref012\" target=\"_blank\">12</a>] and is not included in this figure. Data for 2015 (not complete; see text) included 20 primary research publications, 2 reviews and 6 other publications (not included in figure).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["field studies", "pressures future research", "neonicotinoid"], "article_id"=>1526065, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Ola Lundin", "Maj Rundlöf", "Henrik G. Smith", "Ingemar Fries", "Riccardo Bommarco"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136928.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Development_of_research_on_the_effect_of_neonicotinoids_on_bees_over_time_/1526065", "title"=>"Development of research on the effect of neonicotinoids on bees over time.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-27 04:00:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2231290"], "description"=>"<p>Flow diagram for the systematic review.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["field studies", "pressures future research", "neonicotinoid"], "article_id"=>1526064, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Ola Lundin", "Maj Rundlöf", "Henrik G. Smith", "Ingemar Fries", "Riccardo Bommarco"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136928.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Flow_diagram_for_the_systematic_review_/1526064", "title"=>"Flow diagram for the systematic review.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-27 04:00:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2231293"], "description"=>"<p>Total number of studies on neonicotinoids and bees in different crops, study examples for each crop, and number of studies for each method of application in each crop (‘Seed’ = seed treatment application, ‘Foliar’ = foliar spray application, ‘Soil’ = furrow, drench or drip irrigation application, Granulate = granulate application).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["field studies", "pressures future research", "neonicotinoid"], "article_id"=>1526067, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Ola Lundin", "Maj Rundlöf", "Henrik G. Smith", "Ingemar Fries", "Riccardo Bommarco"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136928.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Total_number_of_studies_on_neonicotinoids_and_bees_in_different_crops_study_examples_for_each_crop_and_number_of_studies_for_each_method_of_application_in_each_crop_8216_Seed_8217_seed_treatment_application_8216_Foliar_8217_foliar_spray_application_8216_/1526067", "title"=>"Total number of studies on neonicotinoids and bees in different crops, study examples for each crop, and number of studies for each method of application in each crop (‘Seed’ = seed treatment application, ‘Foliar’ = foliar spray application, ‘Soil’ = furrow, drench or drip irrigation application, Granulate = granulate application).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-08-27 04:00:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2231292"], "description"=>"<p>The number of primary research studies from each country is indicated. Colours indicate countries with 1–5 studies (red), 6–10 studies (orange) or more than 10 studies (green).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["field studies", "pressures future research", "neonicotinoid"], "article_id"=>1526066, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Ola Lundin", "Maj Rundlöf", "Henrik G. Smith", "Ingemar Fries", "Riccardo Bommarco"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136928.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographical_distribution_of_research_on_neonicotinoid_impacts_on_bees_/1526066", "title"=>"Geographical distribution of research on neonicotinoid impacts on bees.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-27 04:00:23"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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