Epidermal Micromorphology and Mesophyll Structure of Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves at Different Development Stages
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{"title"=>"Epidermal micromorphology and mesophyll structure of populus euphratica heteromorphic leaves at different development stages", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yubing", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"36437236700"}, {"first_name"=>"Xinrong", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"27170572100"}, {"first_name"=>"Guoxiong", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7406537670"}, {"first_name"=>"Mengmeng", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"56991594300"}, {"first_name"=>"Meiling", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56166076400"}, {"first_name"=>"Dan", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56948417300"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84944731135", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0137701", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"606519642", "sgr"=>"84944731135", "pmid"=>"26356300"}, "id"=>"619fca9a-95db-3316-81aa-ea7d2a8ac471", "abstract"=>"Leaf epidermal micromorphology and mesophyll structure during the development of Populus euphratica heteromorphic leaves, including linear, lanceolate, ovate, dentate ovate, dentate rhombic, dentate broad-ovate and dentate fan-shaped leaves, were studied by using electron and light microscopy. During development of heteromorphic leaves, epidermal appendages (wax crystals and trichomes) and special cells (mucilage cells and crystal idioblasts) increased in all leaf types while chloroplast ultrastructure and stomatal characters show maximum photosynthetic activity in dentate ovate and rhombic leaves. Also, functional analysis by subordinate function values shows that the maximum adaptability to adverse stress was exhibited in the broad type of mature leaves. The 12 heteromorphic leaf types are classified into three major groups by hierarchical cluster analysis: young, developing and mature leaves. Mature leaves can effectively obtain the highest stress resistance by combining the protection of xerophytic anatomy from drought stress, regulation of water uptake in micro-environment by mucilage and crystal idioblasts, and assistant defense of transpiration reduction through leaf epidermal appendages, which improves photosynthetic activity under arid desert conditions. Our data confirms that the main leaf function is differentiated during the developing process of heteromorphic leaves.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/epidermal-micromorphology-mesophyll-structure-populus-euphratica-heteromorphic-leaves-different-deve", "reader_count"=>10, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Norway"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257820", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257821"], "description"=>"<div><p>Leaf epidermal micromorphology and mesophyll structure during the development of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves, including linear, lanceolate, ovate, dentate ovate, dentate rhombic, dentate broad-ovate and dentate fan-shaped leaves, were studied by using electron and light microscopy. During development of heteromorphic leaves, epidermal appendages (wax crystals and trichomes) and special cells (mucilage cells and crystal idioblasts) increased in all leaf types while chloroplast ultrastructure and stomatal characters show maximum photosynthetic activity in dentate ovate and rhombic leaves. Also, functional analysis by subordinate function values shows that the maximum adaptability to adverse stress was exhibited in the broad type of mature leaves. The 12 heteromorphic leaf types are classified into three major groups by hierarchical cluster analysis: young, developing and mature leaves. Mature leaves can effectively obtain the highest stress resistance by combining the protection of xerophytic anatomy from drought stress, regulation of water uptake in micro-environment by mucilage and crystal idioblasts, and assistant defense of transpiration reduction through leaf epidermal appendages, which improves photosynthetic activity under arid desert conditions. Our data confirms that the main leaf function is differentiated during the developing process of heteromorphic leaves.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539269, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Epidermal_Micromorphology_and_Mesophyll_Structure_of_Populus_euphratica_Heteromorphic_Leaves_at_Different_Development_Stages/1539269", "title"=>"Epidermal Micromorphology and Mesophyll Structure of <i>Populus euphratica</i> Heteromorphic Leaves at Different Development Stages", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257797"], "description"=>"<p>Pe1, linear leaf; Pe2, Pe3, lanceolate leaf; Pe4, ovate leaf; Pe5, Pe6, dentate ovate leaf; Pe7, Pe8, dentate rhombic leaf; Pe9, Pe10, dentate broad-ovate leaf; Pe11, Pe12, dentate fan-shaped leaf. From Pe5 to Pe12, the level of dentate degree increased.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539246, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Heteromorphic_leaves_of_one_Populus_euphratica_tree_from_bottom_to_top_of_the_crown_Pe1_Pe12_at_the_P_euphratica_Reserve_in_the_Ejina_Oasis_/1539246", "title"=>"Heteromorphic leaves of one <i>Populus euphratica</i> tree from bottom to top of the crown (Pe1–Pe12) at the <i>P</i>. <i>euphratica</i> Reserve in the Ejina Oasis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257799"], "description"=>"<p>The images are shown in ×40 magnification, scale bars = 10 μm. U-ep, up-epidermis; D-ep, down- epidermis; Ec, epidermal cells; Pal, palisade tissue; BSC, bundle sheath cells; VB, vascular bundle; Mu, mucilage cells.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539248, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cross_section_anatomical_characteristics_of_Populus_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_from_Pe1_to_Pe12_/1539248", "title"=>"Cross-section anatomical characteristics of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves from Pe1 to Pe12.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257800"], "description"=>"<p>The images show that crystals appear in all parts of the leaf structure, including (A) palisade tissue, (B) epidermal cells, and (C) Phloem of vascular bundles. Scale bars: A, B = 50 μm, C = 20 μm. Cr, crystal cells.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539249, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Crystal_idioblasts_exhibited_in_the_cross_section_of_Populus_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_/1539249", "title"=>"Crystal idioblasts exhibited in the cross-section of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257802"], "description"=>"<p>Scale bars: Pe1–Pe12 = 5 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539251, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Morphological_characters_of_epicuticular_wax_crystals_on_the_adaxial_epidermis_of_Populus_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_from_Pe1_to_Pe12_/1539251", "title"=>"Morphological characters of epicuticular wax crystals on the adaxial epidermis of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves from Pe1 to Pe12.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257804"], "description"=>"<p>Scale bars: Pe1–Pe7 = 50 μm, Pe8–Pe12 = 100 μm. H, leaf hairs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539253, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trichomes_on_the_adaxial_epidermis_of_Populus_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_from_Pe1_to_Pe12_/1539253", "title"=>"Trichomes on the adaxial epidermis of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves from Pe1 to Pe12.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257806"], "description"=>"<p>Scale bars: Pe1–Pe12 = 5 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539255, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Morphological_characteristics_of_stomata_on_the_epidermis_of_Populus_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_from_Pe1_to_Pe12_/1539255", "title"=>"Morphological characteristics of stomata on the epidermis of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves from Pe1 to Pe12.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257808"], "description"=>"<p>The images are shown in ×30,000 magnification, scale bars = 1 nm. Cp, chloroplast; Sg, starch grain.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539257, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Chloroplast_ultrastructural_characters_in_the_mesophyll_cells_of_P_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_from_Pe1_to_Pe12_/1539257", "title"=>"Chloroplast ultrastructural characters in the mesophyll cells of <i>P</i>. <i>euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves from Pe1 to Pe12.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257809"], "description"=>"<p>HCA dendrogram of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539258, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_HCA_dendrogram_of_Populus_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_/1539258", "title"=>"HCA dendrogram of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257810"], "description"=>"<p>Values are presented as means ± SD. Means in a column with different letters are significantly different (<i>P</i> < 0.05). Mn, material number.</p><p>Statistical data on epidermal micromorphological and mesophyll anatomical characters of the <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539259, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistical_data_on_epidermal_micromorphological_and_mesophyll_anatomical_characters_of_the_Populus_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_/1539259", "title"=>"Statistical data on epidermal micromorphological and mesophyll anatomical characters of the <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2257811"], "description"=>"<p>Mn, material number; Mv, mean value; Rn, Ranking number.</p><p>Ranking of drought resistance in the development of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves based on subordinate function values.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mucilage", "12 heteromorphic leaf types", "Populus euphratica heteromorphic", "dentate ovate", "crystal idioblasts", "Populus euphratica Heteromorphic Leaves", "function", "stomatal characters show", "photosynthetic activity", "leaf epidermal appendages", "rhombic", "stress", "Different Development Stages Leaf epidermal micromorphology", "analysis"], "article_id"=>1539260, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Yubing Liu", "Xinrong Li", "Guoxiong Chen", "Mengmeng Li", "Meiling Liu", "Dan Liu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137701.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ranking_of_drought_resistance_in_the_development_of_Populus_euphratica_heteromorphic_leaves_based_on_subordinate_function_values_/1539260", "title"=>"Ranking of drought resistance in the development of <i>Populus euphratica</i> heteromorphic leaves based on subordinate function values.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-10 03:29:59"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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