The Prevalence and Characteristics of Fibromyalgia in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey
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{"title"=>"The prevalence and characteristics of fibromyalgia in the 2012 national health interview survey", "type"=>"generic", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Brian", "last_name"=>"Walitt", "scopus_author_id"=>"18538797300"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard L.", "last_name"=>"Nahin", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701869302"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert S.", "last_name"=>"Katz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401787693"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin J.", "last_name"=>"Bergman", "scopus_author_id"=>"18036439200"}, {"first_name"=>"Frederick", "last_name"=>"Wolfe", "scopus_author_id"=>"56598403800"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0138024", "sgr"=>"84945939474", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84945939474", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"26379048", "pui"=>"606624574"}, "id"=>"e1eceff7-f553-3562-91c8-d52d5078a28b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Most knowledge of fibromyalgia comes from the clinical setting, where healthcare-seeking behavior and selection issues influence study results. The characteristics of fibromyalgia in the general population have not been studied in detail. METHODS We developed and tested surrogate study specific criteria for fibromyalgia in rheumatology practices using variables from the US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the modification (for surveys) of the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) preliminary fibromyalgia criteria. The surrogate criteria were applied to the 2012 NHIS and identified persons who satisfied criteria from symptom data. The NHIS weighted sample of 8446 persons represents 225.7 million US adults. RESULTS Fibromyalgia was identified in 1.75% (95% CI 1.42, 2.07), or 3.94 million persons. However, 73% of identified cases self-reported a physician's diagnosis other than fibromyalgia. Identified cases had high levels of self-reported pain, non-pain symptoms, comorbidity, psychological distress, medical costs, Social Security and work disability. Caseness was associated with gender, education, ethnicity, citizenship and unhealthy behaviors. Demographics, behaviors, and comorbidity were predictive of case status. Examination of the surrogate polysymptomatic distress scale (PSD) of the 2010 ACR criteria found fibromyalgia symptoms extending through the full length of the scale. CONCLUSIONS Persons identified with criteria-based fibromyalgia have severe symptoms, but most (73%) have not received a clinical diagnosis of fibromyalgia. The association of fibromyalgia-like symptoms over the full length of the PSD scale with physiological as well as mental stressors suggests PSD may be a universal response variable rather than one restricted to fibromyalgia.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/prevalence-characteristics-fibromyalgia-2012-national-health-interview-survey-6", "reader_count"=>76, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>10, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>16, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>10, "Student > Master"=>11, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>16, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Engineering"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>14, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>31, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Sports and Recreations"=>3, "Psychology"=>9, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>31}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>9}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>14}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Spain"=>3}, "group_count"=>6}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2269984"], "description"=>"<p>*Adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, education, obesity, smoking, US region.</p><p>Ca = Cancer. COPD = Chronic obstructive lung disease.</p><p>Comorbid medical and psychiatric illness association with Fibromyalgia.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["2012 National Health Interview Survey BackgroundMost knowledge", "fibromyalgia criteria", "fibromyalgia symptoms", "selection issues influence study results", "Identified cases", "2010 ACR criteria", "8446 persons", "PSD scale", "rheumatology practices", "polysymptomatic distress scale", "2010 American College", "case status", "ci", "work disability", "symptom data", "2012 NHIS", "social security", "National Health Interview Survey"], "article_id"=>1547883, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Walitt", "Richard L. Nahin", "Robert S. Katz", "Martin J. Bergman", "Frederick Wolfe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138024.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comorbid_medical_and_psychiatric_illness_association_with_Fibromyalgia_/1547883", "title"=>"Comorbid medical and psychiatric illness association with Fibromyalgia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-17 04:08:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2269985"], "description"=>"<p>Adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity/race. Work and disability data restricted to person 65 years of age.</p><p>Work disability and inpatient and outpatient utilization in persons with and without fibromyalgia in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["2012 National Health Interview Survey BackgroundMost knowledge", "fibromyalgia criteria", "fibromyalgia symptoms", "selection issues influence study results", "Identified cases", "2010 ACR criteria", "8446 persons", "PSD scale", "rheumatology practices", "polysymptomatic distress scale", "2010 American College", "case status", "ci", "work disability", "symptom data", "2012 NHIS", "social security", "National Health Interview Survey"], "article_id"=>1547884, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Walitt", "Richard L. Nahin", "Robert S. Katz", "Martin J. Bergman", "Frederick Wolfe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138024.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Work_disability_and_inpatient_and_outpatient_utilization_in_persons_with_and_without_fibromyalgia_in_the_2012_National_Health_Interview_Survey_/1547884", "title"=>"Work disability and inpatient and outpatient utilization in persons with and without fibromyalgia in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-17 04:08:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2269986"], "description"=>"<p>*Adjusted for age, sex, and ethnicity</p><p>Symptom and functional ability variable association with Fibromyalgia.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["2012 National Health Interview Survey BackgroundMost knowledge", "fibromyalgia criteria", "fibromyalgia symptoms", "selection issues influence study results", "Identified cases", "2010 ACR criteria", "8446 persons", "PSD scale", "rheumatology practices", "polysymptomatic distress scale", "2010 American College", "case status", "ci", "work disability", "symptom data", "2012 NHIS", "social security", "National Health Interview Survey"], "article_id"=>1547885, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Walitt", "Richard L. Nahin", "Robert S. Katz", "Martin J. Bergman", "Frederick Wolfe"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138024.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>35, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Symptom_and_functional_ability_variable_association_with_Fibromyalgia_/1547885", "title"=>"Symptom and functional ability variable association with Fibromyalgia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-17 04:08:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2269988", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2269989"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Most knowledge of fibromyalgia comes from the clinical setting, where healthcare-seeking behavior and selection issues influence study results. The characteristics of fibromyalgia in the general population have not been studied in detail.</p><p>Methods</p><p>We developed and tested surrogate study specific criteria for fibromyalgia in rheumatology practices using variables from the US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the modification (for surveys) of the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) preliminary fibromyalgia criteria. The surrogate criteria were applied to the 2012 NHIS and identified persons who satisfied criteria from symptom data. The NHIS weighted sample of 8446 persons represents 225.7 million US adults.</p><p>Results</p><p>Fibromyalgia was identified in 1.75% (95% CI 1.42, 2.07), or 3.94 million persons. However, 73% of identified cases self-reported a physician’s diagnosis other than fibromyalgia. Identified cases had high levels of self-reported pain, non-pain symptoms, comorbidity, psychological distress, medical costs, Social Security and work disability. Caseness was associated with gender, education, ethnicity, citizenship and unhealthy behaviors. Demographics, behaviors, and comorbidity were predictive of case status. Examination of the surrogate polysymptomatic distress scale (PSD) of the 2010 ACR criteria found fibromyalgia symptoms extending through the full length of the scale.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>Persons identified with criteria-based fibromyalgia have severe symptoms, but most (73%) have not received a clinical diagnosis of fibromyalgia. The association of fibromyalgia-like symptoms over the full length of the PSD scale with physiological as well as mental stressors suggests PSD may be a universal response variable rather than one restricted to fibromyalgia.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["2012 National Health Interview Survey BackgroundMost knowledge", "fibromyalgia criteria", "fibromyalgia symptoms", "selection issues influence study results", "Identified cases", "2010 ACR criteria", "8446 persons", "PSD scale", "rheumatology practices", "polysymptomatic distress scale", "2010 American College", "case status", "ci", "work disability", "symptom data", "2012 NHIS", "social security", "National Health Interview Survey"], "article_id"=>1547887, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brian Walitt", "Richard L. Nahin", "Robert S. Katz", "Martin J. Bergman", "Frederick Wolfe"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138024.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138024.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Prevalence_and_Characteristics_of_Fibromyalgia_in_the_2012_National_Health_Interview_Survey_/1547887", "title"=>"The Prevalence and Characteristics of Fibromyalgia in the 2012 National Health Interview Survey", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-09-17 04:08:09"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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