Psychophysical Investigations into the Role of Low-Threshold C Fibres in Non-Painful Affective Processing and Pain Modulation
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{"title"=>"Psychophysical investigations into the role of low-threshold C fibres in non-painful affective processing and pain modulation", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Sumaiya", "last_name"=>"Shaikh", "scopus_author_id"=>"55883411100"}, {"first_name"=>"Saad S.", "last_name"=>"Nagi", "scopus_author_id"=>"49661870600"}, {"first_name"=>"Francis", "last_name"=>"McGlone", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004102115"}, {"first_name"=>"David A.", "last_name"=>"Mahns", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603149605"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84945961609", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0138299", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84945961609", "pmid"=>"26372601", "pui"=>"606624664"}, "id"=>"b777f747-ed89-35a9-90af-309ba42d9ffe", "abstract"=>"We recently showed that C low-threshold mechanoreceptors (CLTMRs) contribute to touch-evoked pain (allodynia) during experimental muscle pain. Conversely, in absence of ongoing pain, the activation of CLTMRs has been shown to correlate with a diffuse sensation of pleasant touch. In this study, we evaluated (1) the primary afferent fibre types contributing to positive (pleasant) and negative (unpleasant) affective touch and (2) the effects of tactile stimuli on tonic muscle pain by varying affective attributes and frequency parameters. Psychophysical observations were made in 10 healthy participants. Two types of test stimuli were applied: stroking stimulus using velvet or sandpaper at speeds of 0.1, 1.0 and 10.0 cm/s; focal vibrotactile stimulus at low (20 Hz) or high (200 Hz) frequency. These stimuli were applied in the normal condition (i.e. no experimental pain) and following the induction of muscle pain by infusing hypertonic saline (5%) into the tibialis anterior muscle. These observations were repeated following the conduction block of myelinated fibres by compression of sciatic nerve. In absence of muscle pain, all participants reliably linked velvet-stroking to pleasantness and sandpaper-stroking to unpleasantness (no pain). Likewise, low-frequency vibration was linked to pleasantness and high-frequency vibration to unpleasantness. During muscle pain, the application of previously pleasant stimuli resulted in overall pain relief, whereas the application of previously unpleasant stimuli resulted in overall pain intensification. These effects were significant, reproducible and persisted following the blockade of myelinated fibres. Taken together, these findings suggest the role of low-threshold C fibres in affective and pain processing. Furthermore, these observations suggest that temporal coding need not be limited to discriminative aspects of tactile processing, but may contribute to affective attributes, which in turn predispose individual responses towards excitatory or inhibitory modulation of pain.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/psychophysical-investigations-role-lowthreshold-c-fibres-nonpainful-affective-processing-pain-modula", "reader_count"=>20, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Psychology"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2266390"], "description"=>"<p><b>A.</b> In response to low-frequency vibration (solid blue bars) subjects reliably attributed a pleasant quality, whereas an unpleasant quality was reported in response to high-frequency vibration (solid red bars). <b>B.</b> Following the induction of muscle pain, low-frequency vibration reduced the overall perception of pain (analgesia), whereas high-frequency vibration increased the overall pain (allodynia). The relationship between stimulation frequency, affective regard and pain modulation was preserved following the compression block of myelinated fibres (hatched bars).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tonic muscle pain", "CLTMR", "myelinated fibres", "affective attributes", "stimuli", "muscle pain"], "article_id"=>1545203, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Sumaiya Shaikh", "Saad S. Nagi", "Francis McGlone", "David A. Mahns"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138299.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Affective_responses_A_to_vibrotactile_stimuli_and_their_modulatory_effects_on_muscle_pain_B_prior_to_and_following_compression_mean_SEM_n_10_/1545203", "title"=>"Affective responses (A) to vibrotactile stimuli and their modulatory effects on muscle pain (B) prior to and following compression (mean ± SEM, <i>n</i> = 10).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-15 03:21:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2266389"], "description"=>"<p><b>A.</b> In response to stroking with velvet (blue bars), subjects reliably reported a pleasant (positive affective) quality, whereas an unpleasant (negative affective) quality was reported in response to stroking with sandpaper (red bars). These opposing effects were observed while all fibres were intact (solid bars) and following compression block of myelinated fibres (hatched bars). <b>B.</b> Following the induction of muscle pain, velvet-stroking reduced the overall pain intensity (analgesia), whereas sandpaper-stroking increased the overall pain intensity (allodynia). The analgesic and allodynic effects of velvet- and sandpaper-stroking persisted following the compression block of myelinated fibres (hatched bars).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["tonic muscle pain", "CLTMR", "myelinated fibres", "affective attributes", "stimuli", "muscle pain"], "article_id"=>1545202, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Sumaiya Shaikh", "Saad S. Nagi", "Francis McGlone", "David A. Mahns"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138299.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Affective_responses_A_to_stroking_stimuli_and_their_modulatory_effects_on_muscle_pain_B_prior_to_and_following_compression_mean_SEM_n_10_/1545202", "title"=>"Affective responses (A) to stroking stimuli and their modulatory effects on muscle pain (B) prior to and following compression (mean ± SEM, <i>n</i> = 10).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-15 03:21:39"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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