Social Grooming in Bats: Are Vampire Bats Exceptional?
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{"title"=>"Social grooming in bats: Are vampire bats exceptional?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Gerald", "last_name"=>"Carter", "scopus_author_id"=>"34871605900"}, {"first_name"=>"Lauren", "last_name"=>"Leffer", "scopus_author_id"=>"56982963200"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84945221542", "pmid"=>"26445502", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0138430", "pui"=>"607096634", "isbn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84945221542"}, "id"=>"249a19d6-11c4-3954-a857-55a74d1add4a", "abstract"=>"Evidence for long-term cooperative relationships comes from several social birds and mam- mals. Vampire bats demonstrate cooperative social bonds, and like primates, they maintain these bonds through social grooming. It is unclear, however, to what extent vampires are special among bats in this regard. We compared social grooming rates of common vampire bats Desmodus rotundus and four other group-living bats, Artibeus jamaicensis, Carollia perspicillata, Eidolon helvum and Rousettus aegyptiacus, under the same captive condi- tions of fixed association and no ectoparasites. We conducted 13 focal sampling sessions for each combination of sex and species, for a total of 1560 presence/absence observations per species.We observed evidence for social grooming in all species, but social grooming rates were on average 14 times higher in vampire bats than in other species. Self-grooming rates did not differ. Vampire bats spent 3.7% of their awake time social grooming (95% CI = 1.5–6.3%), whereas bats of the other species spent 0.1–0.5% of their awake time social grooming. Together with past data, this result supports the hypothesis that the elevated social grooming rate in the vampire bat is an adaptive trait, linked to their social bonding and unique regurgitated food sharing behavior. Introduction", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/social-grooming-bats-vampire-bats-exceptional", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>3}, "group_count"=>3}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2348417"], "description"=>"<p>Jittered dots show sample rates and shaded areas show probability density functions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Vampire Bats Exceptional", "vampire bats", "ci", "grooming rates", "vampire bats Desmodus rotundus", "species"], "article_id"=>1567094, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Gerald Carter", "Lauren Leffer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138430.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_three_other_behaviors_in_five_captive_bat_species_/1567094", "title"=>"Frequency of three other behaviors in five captive bat species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-10-07 02:57:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2348411"], "description"=>"<p>Social grooming rates are shown for male (red), female (blue), and non-testes bats (green, see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0138430#sec002\" target=\"_blank\">methods</a>). Light blue shading shows probability density functions. Phylogenetic relationships between species are shown on right.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Vampire Bats Exceptional", "vampire bats", "ci", "grooming rates", "vampire bats Desmodus rotundus", "species"], "article_id"=>1567092, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Gerald Carter", "Lauren Leffer"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138430.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Social_grooming_rates_in_five_captive_bat_species_/1567092", "title"=>"Social grooming rates in five captive bat species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-10-07 02:57:57"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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