Evolution of Asian Interior Arid-Zone Biota: Evidence from the Diversification of Asian Zygophyllum (Zygophyllaceae)
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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284082"], "description"=>"<p><i>Zygophyllum xanthoxylon</i> (A) and its community (B); <i>Zygophyllum pterocarpum</i> (C) and its community (D); <i>Tetraena mongolica</i> (E) and its community (F). Photographs by S. Yu.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["desert landform system", "miocene", "Asian Zygophyllum"], "article_id"=>1552768, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Sheng-Dan Wu", "Li Lin", "Hong-Lei Li", "Sheng-Xiang Yu", "Lin-Jing Zhang", "Wei Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Examples_of_Asian_interior_arid_zone_vegetation_dominated_by_Zygophyllum_and_Tetraena_/1552768", "title"=>"Examples of Asian interior arid-zone vegetation dominated by <i>Zygophyllum</i> and <i>Tetraena</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-22 03:51:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284085"], "description"=>"<p>Thin lines on black dots indicate the 95% highest posterior density (HPD) intervals for each node in Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["desert landform system", "miocene", "Asian Zygophyllum"], "article_id"=>1552771, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Sheng-Dan Wu", "Li Lin", "Hong-Lei Li", "Sheng-Xiang Yu", "Lin-Jing Zhang", "Wei Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Speciation_rates_calculated_for_Asian_Zygophyllum_/1552771", "title"=>"Speciation rates calculated for Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-22 03:51:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284086", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284087", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284088", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284089", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284090", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284091", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284092"], "description"=>"<div><p>The Asian interior arid zone is the largest desert landform system in the Northern Hemisphere, and has high biodiversity. Little is currently known about the evolutionary history of its biota. In this study, we used <i>Zygophyllum</i>, an important and characteristic component of the Asian interior arid zone, to provide new insights into the evolution of this biota. By greatly enlarged taxon sampling, we present the phylogenetic analysis of Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i> based on two plastid and one nuclear markers. Our phylogenetic analyses indicate that Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i> and <i>Sarcozygium</i> form a clade and <i>Sarcozygium</i> is further embedded within the shrub subclade. An integration of phylogenetic, biogeographic, and molecular dating methods indicates that <i>Zygophyllum</i> successfully colonized the Asian interior from Africa in the early Oligocene, and Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i> became differentiated in the early Miocene and underwent a burst of diversification in the late Miocene associated with the expansion of Asian interior arid lands due to orogenetic and climatic changes. Combining diversification patterns of other important components of the Asian interior arid zone, we propose a multi-stage evolution model for this biota: the late Eocene–early Oligocene origin, the early Miocene expansion, and the middle-late Miocene rapid expansion to the whole Asian interior arid zone. This study also demonstrates that, for <i>Zygophyllum</i> and perhaps other arid-adapted organisms, arid biomes are evolutionary cradles of diversity.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["desert landform system", "miocene", "Asian Zygophyllum"], "article_id"=>1552772, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Sheng-Dan Wu", "Li Lin", "Hong-Lei Li", "Sheng-Xiang Yu", "Lin-Jing Zhang", "Wei Wang"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Evolution_of_Asian_Interior_Arid_Zone_Biota_Evidence_from_the_Diversification_of_Asian_Zygophyllum_Zygophyllaceae_/1552772", "title"=>"Evolution of Asian Interior Arid-Zone Biota: Evidence from the Diversification of Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i> (Zygophyllaceae)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-09-22 03:51:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284083"], "description"=>"<p>Numbers above and below the branches are the bootstrap values (>50%) and Bayesian posterior probabilities (>0.50), respectively. The dash (-) indicates a node that does not appear in the BI trees. The main clades are based on Bellstedt et al., (2012).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["desert landform system", "miocene", "Asian Zygophyllum"], "article_id"=>1552769, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Sheng-Dan Wu", "Li Lin", "Hong-Lei Li", "Sheng-Xiang Yu", "Lin-Jing Zhang", "Wei Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Phylogenetic_relationships_of_Asian_Zygophyllum_and_its_allies_obtained_from_an_ML_analysis_of_the_three_marker_dataset_/1552769", "title"=>"Phylogenetic relationships of Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i> and its allies obtained from an ML analysis of the three-marker dataset.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-22 03:51:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2284084"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Combined chronogram and biogeographic analysis of Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i>. Dating analysis was performed using BEAST software. The bars around node ages indicate the 95% highest posterior density (HPD) intervals. Large pie charts show the relative probabilities of alternative ancestral distributions obtained by Statistical Dispersal-Vicariance Analysis (S-DIVA) optimizations over the 1000 trees from the BEAST (white > red > blue > gray). (b) Lineage-through-time (LTT) plots for Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i>. The LTT plot for Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i> is indicated by a black line. The LTT plots from 1000 simulated phylogenies illustrating the effect of an incomplete sampling are shown by gray lines. The red arrow indicates the diversification rate increase located by TreePar.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["desert landform system", "miocene", "Asian Zygophyllum"], "article_id"=>1552770, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Sheng-Dan Wu", "Li Lin", "Hong-Lei Li", "Sheng-Xiang Yu", "Lin-Jing Zhang", "Wei Wang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138697.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Timing_space_and_tempo_in_the_evolutionary_history_of_Asian_Zygophyllum_/1552770", "title"=>"Timing, space, and tempo in the evolutionary history of Asian <i>Zygophyllum</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-22 03:51:37"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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