Description of a New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species (Chelonoidis; Testudines: Testudinidae) from Cerro Fatal on Santa Cruz Island
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{"title"=>"Description of a New Galapagos giant tortoise species (Chelonoidis; Testudines: Testudinidae) from Cerro Fatal on Santa Cruz Island", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Nikos", "last_name"=>"Poulakakis", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602921307"}, {"first_name"=>"Danielle L.", "last_name"=>"Edwards", "scopus_author_id"=>"56896204100"}, {"first_name"=>"Ylenia", "last_name"=>"Chiari", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506603244"}, {"first_name"=>"Ryan C.", "last_name"=>"Garrick", "scopus_author_id"=>"55152120000"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael A.", "last_name"=>"Russello", "scopus_author_id"=>"55881566400"}, {"first_name"=>"Edgar", "last_name"=>"Benavides", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701726975"}, {"first_name"=>"Gregory J.", "last_name"=>"Watkins-Colwell", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507139842"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott", "last_name"=>"Glaberman", "scopus_author_id"=>"8979812600"}, {"first_name"=>"Washington", "last_name"=>"Tapia", "scopus_author_id"=>"12791687700"}, {"first_name"=>"James P.", "last_name"=>"Gibbs", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202083301"}, {"first_name"=>"Linda J.", "last_name"=>"Cayot", "scopus_author_id"=>"37007546000"}, {"first_name"=>"Adalgisa", "last_name"=>"Caccone", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003512116"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84949974942", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0138779", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84949974942", "pui"=>"607159153", "pmid"=>"26488886"}, "id"=>"08231d53-60e6-34c4-9cc1-e5d718281ffc", "abstract"=>"The taxonomy of giant Galapagos tortoises (Chelonoidis spp.) is currently based primarily on morphological characters and island of origin. Over the last decade, compelling genetic evidence has accumulated for multiple independent evolutionary lineages, spurring the need for taxonomic revision. On the island of Santa Cruz there is currently a single named species, C. porteri. Recent genetic and morphological studies have shown that, within this taxon, there are two evolutionarily and spatially distinct lineages on the western and eastern sectors of the island, known as the Reserva and Cerro Fatal populations, respectively. Analyses of DNA from natural populations and museum specimens, including the type specimen for C. porteri, confirm the genetic distinctiveness of these two lineages and support elevation of the Cerro Fatal tortoises to the rank of species. In this paper, we identify DNA characters that define this new species, and infer evolutionary relationships relative to other species of Galapagos tortoises.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/description-new-galapagos-giant-tortoise-species-chelonoidis-testudines-testudinidae-cerro-fatal-san", "reader_count"=>90, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>29, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>16, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>29, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>3, "Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>15, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>51, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>51}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>15}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>2, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>3, "Brazil"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>2, "Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368310"], "description"=>"<p>Light gray area connecting the distribution areas of the two species indicates agricultural land. Modified from Russello et al. [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779#pone.0138779.ref011\" target=\"_blank\">11</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582053, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographic_distribution_of_the_two_known_lineages_of_giant_tortoises_on_Santa_Cruz_Island_Chelonoidis_porteri_Reserva_and_Chelonoidis_sp_nov_Cerro_Fatal_indicated_in_dark_gray_/1582053", "title"=>"Geographic distribution of the two known lineages of giant tortoises on Santa Cruz Island: <i>Chelonoidis porteri</i> (Reserva) and <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. (Cerro Fatal) (indicated in dark gray).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368311"], "description"=>"<p><b>(A)</b> Bayesian Inference (BI) tree reconstructed from the dataset including all unique mtDNA control region haplotypes previously sampled from extant and extinct species as well as the three museum specimens of giant Galapagos tortoises analyzed in this study. Numbers on branches indicate posterior probabilities. Only the nodal support values for the major lineages are presented. Red and green colors identify museum samples analyzed in the present and previous studies, respectively. (<b>B)</b> Haplotype network showing matrilineal diversity recovered from 70 sequences of <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i> from Reserva, 51 sequences of the lineage from Cerro Fatal, and 2 sequences of <i>C</i>. <i>chathamensis</i> from San Cristóbal Island. Twenty-five inferred mutations separate the haplogroups of <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. from Cerro Fatal from the ones from <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i> from Reserva.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582054, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_a_New_Galapagos_Giant_Tortoise_Species_Chelonoidis_Fig_2_Testudines_Testudinidae_from_Cerro_Fatal_on_Santa_Cruz_Island_/1582054", "title"=>"Description of a New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species (<i>Chelonoidis - Fig 2 </i>; Testudines: Testudinidae) from Cerro Fatal on Santa Cruz Island", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368312"], "description"=>"<p>The position of diagnostic locations is relative to the Genbank record AY956622 for porCF1 from Cerro Fatal. - = gap position and K = G/T polymorphism.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582055, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>15, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Polymorphic_sites_between_Chelonoidis_sp_nov_Cerro_Fatal_Santa_Cruz_C_chathamensis_San_Crist_bal_and_C_porteri_Reserva_Santa_Cruz_/1582055", "title"=>"Polymorphic sites between <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. (Cerro Fatal—Santa Cruz), <i>C</i>. <i>chathamensis</i> (San Cristóbal), and <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i> (Reserva—Santa Cruz).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368313"], "description"=>"<p>Each bar represents an individual and the proportional color of each bar represents the percentage membership (i.e., <i>Q-</i>value) in each of the reference clusters. Museum individuals include the <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i> holotype (#) and the two Cerro Fatal specimens tested as putative candidates for the <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. holotype (*).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582056, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Genetic_membership_from_Bayesian_assignment_tests_in_STRUCTURE_for_the_three_museum_individuals_relative_to_the_genotypic_database_representing_the_Cerro_Fatal_black_and_Reserva_white_giant_tortoise_populations_/1582056", "title"=>"Genetic membership from Bayesian assignment tests in STRUCTURE for the three museum individuals, relative to the genotypic database representing the Cerro Fatal (black) and Reserva (white) giant tortoise populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368314"], "description"=>"<p>For each histogram, a dark gray column indicates where the observed genetic distance between the Cerro Fatal and Reserva tortoises falls. Left: Microsatellite genetic distances calculated from purebred individuals in the reference measured using <i>F</i><sub>ST</sub> (top) or <i>R</i><sub>ST</sub> (below). Right: DNA sequence genetic distances based on mtDNA haplotypes from purebred individuals in the reference database, measured using uncorrected p-distances (top), or maximum likelihood (ML)-corrected distances (below).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582057, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>10, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_distribution_of_genetic_distances_between_different_Galapagos_giant_tortoise_species_A_microsatellite_DNA_B_mitochondrial_DNA_/1582057", "title"=>"Frequency distribution of genetic distances between different Galapagos giant tortoise species (A: microsatellite DNA, B: mitochondrial DNA).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368319"], "description"=>"<p>The skull of the museum specimen UWZS 32700, holotype for <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. from Cerro Fatal in Santa Cruz (A: dorsal, B: ventral, C: occipital, D: frontal and E: lateral view).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582062, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>10, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_E_/1582062", "title"=>"A-E.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368320"], "description"=>"<p><i>N</i>: sample size; <i>A</i><sub><i>R</i></sub>: rarefied allelic richness; <i>H</i><sub><i>E</i></sub>: expected heterozygosity; <i>H</i><sub><i>O</i></sub>: observed heterozygosity; <i>F</i><sub><i>IS</i></sub>: inbreeding coefficient; <i>H</i><sub><i>D</i></sub>: haplotype diversity; <i>π</i>: nucleotide diversity; <i>S</i>: number of segregating sites.</p><p>Summary statistics from microsatellite (<i>N—F</i><sub><i>IS</i></sub>) and mtDNA (<i>H</i><sub><i>D</i></sub>—No of Haplotypes) data for the Cerro Fatal and Reserva populations of giant tortoises on Santa Cruz Island.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582063, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_statistics_from_microsatellite_N_8212_F_IS_and_mtDNA_H_D_No_of_Haplotypes_data_for_the_Cerro_Fatal_and_Reserva_populations_of_giant_tortoises_on_Santa_Cruz_Island_/1582063", "title"=>"Summary statistics from microsatellite (<i>N—F</i><sub><i>IS</i></sub>) and mtDNA (<i>H</i><sub><i>D</i></sub>—No of Haplotypes) data for the Cerro Fatal and Reserva populations of giant tortoises on Santa Cruz Island.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368321"], "description"=>"<p>The position of diagnostic locations is relative to the GenBank record AY956622 for porCF1 from Cerro Fatal. Capital letters (nucleotides): diagnostic sites between <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. (Cerro Fatal) and <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i> (Reserva); small letters (nucleotides): diagnostic sites between <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. (Cerro Fatal) and <i>C</i>. <i>chathamensis</i> (San Cristóbal); bold capital letters (nucleotides): diagnostic sites between <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. (Cerro Fatal) and both <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i> (Reserva) and <i>C</i>. <i>chathamensis</i> (San Cristóbal). K = G/T, R = A/G, Y = C/T polymorphisms.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582064, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diagnostic_sites_distinguishing_Chelonoidis_sp_nov_Cerro_Fatal_Santa_Cruz_C_chathamensis_San_Crist_bal_and_C_porteri_Reserva_Santa_Cruz_/1582064", "title"=>"Diagnostic sites distinguishing <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. (Cerro Fatal—Santa Cruz), <i>C</i>. <i>chathamensis</i> (San Cristóbal) and <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i> (Reserva—Santa Cruz).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368322"], "description"=>"<p><sup>#</sup> The haplotype of the lineage from the island of Rabida is nested within haplotypes found in extant species from the island of Isabela [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779#pone.0138779.ref016\" target=\"_blank\">16</a>], supporting an early speculation that the Rabida tortoise did not belong to a distinct species, but rather to tortoises collected elsewhere and consumed by sailors on Rabida [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779#pone.0138779.ref008\" target=\"_blank\">8</a>].</p><p>Sequence divergences (%, uncorrected p-distance) among the mtDNA control region sequences of <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. (Cerro Fatal) and all the recognized species of giant Galapagos tortoises.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582065, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sequence_divergences_uncorrected_p_distance_among_the_mtDNA_control_region_sequences_of_Chelonoidis_sp_nov_Cerro_Fatal_and_all_the_recognized_species_of_giant_Galapagos_tortoises_/1582065", "title"=>"Sequence divergences (%, uncorrected p-distance) among the mtDNA control region sequences of <i>Chelonoidis</i> sp. nov. (Cerro Fatal) and all the recognized species of giant Galapagos tortoises.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368323"], "description"=>"<p>Museum specimens assignment according to the microsatellite genotypic data and the test of GeneClass2 are indicated by their percent assignment (%) and corresponding likelihood values (‘L1’ and ‘L2’).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582066, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Museum_specimens_assignment_according_to_the_microsatellite_genotypic_data_and_the_test_of_GeneClass2_are_indicated_by_their_percent_assignment_and_corresponding_likelihood_values_8216_L1_8217_and_8216_L2_8217_/1582066", "title"=>"Museum specimens assignment according to the microsatellite genotypic data and the test of GeneClass2 are indicated by their percent assignment (%) and corresponding likelihood values (‘L1’ and ‘L2’).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368324"], "description"=>"<p>B: Basicranial length; WAT: Width of skull at anterior tympanic opening; WO: Width between orbits; HN: Height of external narial opening; WN: Width of external narial opening; LB: Length of basisphenoid; WB: Width of basisphenoid; WZ: Width of quadratojugal; WP: Width of postorbital; WS: Width of jugal; DPV: Distance (greatest) from prepalatine foramina to vomer; LP: Length of preootic; WFS: Width of prootic at stapedial foramen; PW: Width of pterygoid waist; APW: Width of anterior premaxillae; PC: Length of sagittal contact of prefrontals.</p><p>Sixteen measurements were taken from the skull of UWZS 32700 following those described by Crumly [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779#pone.0138779.ref053\" target=\"_blank\">53</a>]. Measurements were taken to the nearest 0.01 mm using a Mitutoyo digital caliper.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582067, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Morphometric_data_for_UWZS_32700_compared_to_data_presented_in_Crumly_53_/1582067", "title"=>"Morphometric data for UWZS 32700 compared to data presented in Crumly [53].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2368325"], "description"=>"<div><p>The taxonomy of giant Galapagos tortoises (<i>Chelonoidis</i> spp.) is currently based primarily on morphological characters and island of origin. Over the last decade, compelling genetic evidence has accumulated for multiple independent evolutionary lineages, spurring the need for taxonomic revision. On the island of Santa Cruz there is currently a single named species, <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i>. Recent genetic and morphological studies have shown that, within this taxon, there are two evolutionarily and spatially distinct lineages on the western and eastern sectors of the island, known as the Reserva and Cerro Fatal populations, respectively. Analyses of DNA from natural populations and museum specimens, including the type specimen for <i>C</i>. <i>porteri</i>, confirm the genetic distinctiveness of these two lineages and support elevation of the Cerro Fatal tortoises to the rank of species. In this paper, we identify DNA characters that define this new species, and infer evolutionary relationships relative to other species of Galapagos tortoises.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Galapagos tortoises", "Chelonoidi", "DNA characters", "museum specimens", "Santa Cruz Island", "Santa Cruz", "type specimen", "Cerro Fatal populations", "porteri", "Cerro Fatal tortoises", "New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species", "lineage", "support elevation", "Cerro Fatal", "taxonomic revision", "giant Galapagos tortoises", "species"], "article_id"=>1582068, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nikos Poulakakis", "Danielle L. Edwards", "Ylenia Chiari", "Ryan C. Garrick", "Michael A. Russello", "Edgar Benavides", "Gregory J. Watkins-Colwell", "Scott Glaberman", "Washington Tapia", "James P. Gibbs", "Linda J. Cayot", "Adalgisa Caccone"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138779", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Description_of_a_New_Galapagos_Giant_Tortoise_Species_Chelonoidis_Testudines_Testudinidae_from_Cerro_Fatal_on_Santa_Cruz_Island/1582068", "title"=>"Description of a New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species (<i>Chelonoidis</i>; Testudines: Testudinidae) from Cerro Fatal on Santa Cruz Island", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-10-21 03:18:12"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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Net::HTTPTooManyRequests

Source
Scopus
Time
2019-08-27 20:05:29 UTC
Target URL
https://api.elsevier.com/content/search/index:SCOPUS?query=DOI(10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0138779)
Trace

/app/models/concerns/networkable.rb:21:in `get_result'
/app/models/source.rb:165:in `get_data'
/app/models/retrieval_status.rb:47:in `perform_get_data'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:52:in `block (2 levels) in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:51:in `block in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `each'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `perform'