Ex-Ante Economic Impact Assessment of Genetically Modified Banana Resistant to Xanthomonas Wilt in the Great Lakes Region of Africa
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Ex-ante economic impact assessment of genetically modified banana resistant to Xanthomonas wilt in the Great Lakes Region of Africa", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"John Herbert", "last_name"=>"Ainembabazi", "scopus_author_id"=>"55802970400"}, {"first_name"=>"Leena", "last_name"=>"Tripathi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003480616"}, {"first_name"=>"Joseph", "last_name"=>"Rusike", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507542721"}, {"first_name"=>"Tahirou", "last_name"=>"Abdoulaye", "scopus_author_id"=>"55892107200"}, {"first_name"=>"Victor", "last_name"=>"Manyong", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603273746"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"26414379", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0138998", "sgr"=>"84946934921", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84946934921", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"606828632"}, "id"=>"11b5cfe3-4f0c-3cb5-aabb-a4e61521c4fd", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Credible empirical evidence is scanty on the social implications of genetically modified (GM) crops in Africa, especially on vegetatively propagated crops. Little is known about the future success of introducing GM technologies into staple crops such as bananas, which are widely produced and consumed in the Great Lakes Region of Africa (GLA). GM banana has a potential to control the destructive banana Xanthomonas wilt disease. OBJECTIVE: To gain a better understanding of future adoption and consumption of GM banana in the GLA countries which are yet to permit the production of GM crops; specifically, to evaluate the potential economic impacts of GM cultivars resistant to banana Xanthomonas wilt disease. DATA SOURCES: The paper uses data collected from farmers, traders, agricultural extension agents and key informants in the GLA. ANALYSIS: We analyze the perceptions of the respondents about the adoption and consumption of GM crop. Economic surplus model is used to determine future economic benefits and costs of producing GM banana. RESULTS: On the release of GM banana for commercialization, the expected initial adoption rate ranges from 21 to 70%, while the ceiling adoption rate is up to 100%. Investment in the development of GM banana is economically viable. However, aggregate benefits vary substantially across the target countries ranging from US$ 20 million to 953 million, highest in countries where disease incidence and production losses are high, ranging from 51 to 83% of production. CONCLUSION: The findings support investment in the development of GM banana resistant to Xanthomonas wilt disease. The main beneficiaries of this technology development are farmers and consumers, although the latter benefit more than the former from reduced prices. Designing a participatory breeding program involving farmers and consumers signifies the successful adoption and consumption of GM banana in the target countries.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/exante-economic-impact-assessment-genetically-modified-banana-resistant-xanthomonas-wilt-great-lakes", "reader_count"=>28, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Tanzania"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84946934921"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84946934921?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84946934921&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84946934921&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84946934921", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84946934921", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84946934921", "dc:title"=>"Ex-ante economic impact assessment of genetically modified banana resistant to Xanthomonas wilt in the Great Lakes Region of Africa", "dc:creator"=>"Ainembabazi J.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"9", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-09-28", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"28 September 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0138998", "citedby-count"=>"7", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Uganda", "affiliation-city"=>"Kampala", "affiliation-country"=>"Uganda"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26414379", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0138998", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true, "freetoread"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"all"}, {"$"=>"publisherfullgold"}, {"$"=>"repository"}, {"$"=>"repositoryvor"}]}, "freetoreadLabel"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"All Open Access"}, {"$"=>"Gold"}, {"$"=>"Green"}]}}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0138998", "share_count"=>2, "like_count"=>2, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>4}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"426"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"289"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291857"], "description"=>"<p>Willingness of farmers to adopt GMB-BXW in target countries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558880, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Willingness_of_farmers_to_adopt_GMB_BXW_in_target_countries_/1558880", "title"=>"Willingness of farmers to adopt GMB-BXW in target countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291870"], "description"=>"<p>Preferences and consumption attributes between improved and local banana varieties.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558893, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Preferences_and_consumption_attributes_between_improved_and_local_banana_varieties_/1558893", "title"=>"Preferences and consumption attributes between improved and local banana varieties.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291855"], "description"=>"<p>Farmers’ awareness of BXW disease in target countries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558878, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Farmers_8217_awareness_of_BXW_disease_in_target_countries_/1558878", "title"=>"Farmers’ awareness of BXW disease in target countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291869"], "description"=>"<p>Data sources</p><p><sup>1</sup>The average farm gate price from the 37 surveyed farmers who sold bananas.</p><p><sup>2</sup>Research costs extracted from the GMB-BXW project proposal budget for Kenya and Uganda.</p><p><sup>3</sup>Key informant survey data (from banana breeders, research scientists and extension agents). Key informants were asked to provide information on banana losses, potential adoption of GMB-BXW, and production by major regions producing bananas in their respective countries. The figures provided are average figures across regions in each country and the sample sizes vary per country.</p><p><sup>4</sup>FAOSTAT for data for the year 2014, available on <a href=\"http://faostat.fao.org/\" target=\"_blank\">http://faostat.fao.org</a>.</p><p><sup>a</sup>Note that these variables were not used in the ESM, but are reported to provide additional explanation.</p><p>Parameter values used to estimate the economic benefits of GMB-BXW using ESM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558892, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Parameter_values_used_to_estimate_the_economic_benefits_of_GMB_BXW_using_ESM_/1558892", "title"=>"Parameter values used to estimate the economic benefits of GMB-BXW using ESM.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291866"], "description"=>"<p>Characteristics of respondents (percentages and means).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558889, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_respondents_percentages_and_means_/1558889", "title"=>"Characteristics of respondents (percentages and means).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291865"], "description"=>"<p>The middle panel reports the changes in IRR relative to baseline values (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998#pone.0138998.t006\" target=\"_blank\">Table 6</a>) due to doubling of inputs costs, reduction of initial and ceiling adoption rates by 50%, and reduction of yield by 25%. The bottom panel reports the changes in BCR relative to baseline values (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998#pone.0138998.t006\" target=\"_blank\">Table 6</a>) due to doubling of inputs costs, reduction of initial and ceiling adoption rates by 50%, and reduction of yield by 25%. Notes: In the upper, the yield gain for Rwanda was reduced by 5% as reduction by 25% would lead to economic losses. In the middle panel, the IRR for Rwanda could not be computed when input costs are doubled, while IRR for Tanzania could not be computed when yield gain was reduced by 25%.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558888, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_upper_panel_reports_the_changes_in_NPV_relative_to_baseline_values_Table_6_due_to_doubling_of_inputs_costs_reduction_of_initial_and_ceiling_adoption_rates_by_50_and_reduction_of_yield_by_25_/1558888", "title"=>"The upper panel reports the changes in NPV relative to baseline values (Table 6) due to doubling of inputs costs, reduction of initial and ceiling adoption rates by 50%, and reduction of yield by 25%.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291863"], "description"=>"<p>Frequency (%) of reasons for consumer preference of GM banana.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558886, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_reasons_for_consumer_preference_of_GM_banana_/1558886", "title"=>"Frequency (%) of reasons for consumer preference of GM banana.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291860"], "description"=>"<p>Proportion of annual banana production sold.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558883, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportion_of_annual_banana_production_sold_/1558883", "title"=>"Proportion of annual banana production sold.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291872"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Credible empirical evidence is scanty on the social implications of genetically modified (GM) crops in Africa, especially on vegetatively propagated crops. Little is known about the future success of introducing GM technologies into staple crops such as bananas, which are widely produced and consumed in the Great Lakes Region of Africa (GLA). GM banana has a potential to control the destructive banana Xanthomonas wilt disease.</p><p>Objective</p><p>To gain a better understanding of future adoption and consumption of GM banana in the GLA countries which are yet to permit the production of GM crops; specifically, to evaluate the potential economic impacts of GM cultivars resistant to banana Xanthomonas wilt disease.</p><p>Data Sources</p><p>The paper uses data collected from farmers, traders, agricultural extension agents and key informants in the GLA.</p><p>Analysis</p><p>We analyze the perceptions of the respondents about the adoption and consumption of GM crop. Economic surplus model is used to determine future economic benefits and costs of producing GM banana.</p><p>Results</p><p>On the release of GM banana for commercialization, the expected initial adoption rate ranges from 21 to 70%, while the ceiling adoption rate is up to 100%. Investment in the development of GM banana is economically viable. However, aggregate benefits vary substantially across the target countries ranging from US$ 20 million to 953 million, highest in countries where disease incidence and production losses are high, ranging from 51 to 83% of production.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>The findings support investment in the development of GM banana resistant to Xanthomonas wilt disease. The main beneficiaries of this technology development are farmers and consumers, although the latter benefit more than the former from reduced prices. Designing a participatory breeding program involving farmers and consumers signifies the successful adoption and consumption of GM banana in the target countries.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558895, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>10, "page_views"=>38, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Ex_Ante_Economic_Impact_Assessment_of_Genetically_Modified_Banana_Resistant_to_Xanthomonas_Wilt_in_the_Great_Lakes_Region_of_Africa/1558895", "title"=>"Ex-Ante Economic Impact Assessment of Genetically Modified Banana Resistant to <i>Xanthomonas</i> Wilt in the Great Lakes Region of Africa", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291871"], "description"=>"<p>Net Present Values (NPV) computed using a real interest rate of 10%.</p><p>Potential benefits of developing GMB-BXW in the GLA region.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558894, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>33, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Potential_benefits_of_developing_GMB_BXW_in_the_GLA_region_/1558894", "title"=>"Potential benefits of developing GMB-BXW in the GLA region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291868"], "description"=>"<p>Note: The number of observations varies due to missing responses</p><p>Farmers’ willingness to pay for and reasons for adoption of GMB-BXW.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558891, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>33, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Farmers_8217_willingness_to_pay_for_and_reasons_for_adoption_of_GMB_BXW_/1558891", "title"=>"Farmers’ willingness to pay for and reasons for adoption of GMB-BXW.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291867"], "description"=>"<p>Note: In some cases, the number of observations is the sum all respondents in the study (farmers, traders, extension agents and key informants). The number of observations varies for some questions due to missing responses.</p><p>Control methods for BXW and awareness of genetically modified (GM) crops.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558890, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Control_methods_for_BXW_and_awareness_of_genetically_modified_GM_crops_/1558890", "title"=>"Control methods for BXW and awareness of genetically modified (GM) crops.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291862"], "description"=>"<p>Potential consumers of GM banana (N = 101) in target countries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558885, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Potential_consumers_of_GM_banana_N_101_in_target_countries_/1558885", "title"=>"Potential consumers of GM banana (N = 101) in target countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291861"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Represents farmers’ consumption preference for banana varieties. (B) Represents consumers’ inquiry about banana before purchase from either farmers or traders.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558884, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Farmers_8217_and_consumers_8217_preferences_and_inquiries_/1558884", "title"=>"Farmers’ and consumers’ preferences and inquiries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291858"], "description"=>"<p>Projected adoption rate of GM BXW resistant banana in target countries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558881, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Projected_adoption_rate_of_GM_BXW_resistant_banana_in_target_countries_/1558881", "title"=>"Projected adoption rate of GM BXW resistant banana in target countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2291856"], "description"=>"<p>Losses in banana production due to BXW incidences in target countries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["production.ConclusionThe findings support investment", "banana Xanthomonas", "disease.Data SourcesThe paper", "target countries", "adoption rate ranges", "gla", "ceiling adoption rate", "Economic surplus model", "GM banana", "Genetically Modified Banana Resistant", "Great Lakes region"], "article_id"=>1558879, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["John Herbert Ainembabazi", "Leena Tripathi", "Joseph Rusike", "Tahirou Abdoulaye", "Victor Manyong"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138998.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Losses_in_banana_production_due_to_BXW_incidences_in_target_countries_/1558879", "title"=>"Losses in banana production due to BXW incidences in target countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-28 03:20:07"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"99", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"2"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts