Religious Affiliation Modulates Weekly Cycles of Cropland Burning in Sub-Saharan Africa
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{"title"=>"Religious affiliation modulates weekly cycles of cropland burning in sub-saharan Africa", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"José M.C.", "last_name"=>"Pereira", "scopus_author_id"=>"35570811600"}, {"first_name"=>"Duarte", "last_name"=>"Oom", "scopus_author_id"=>"14060800700"}, {"first_name"=>"Paula", "last_name"=>"Pereira", "scopus_author_id"=>"56973366300"}, {"first_name"=>"Antónia A.", "last_name"=>"Turkman", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508182055"}, {"first_name"=>"K. Feridun", "last_name"=>"Turkman", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603285909"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84947922018", "pui"=>"607001013", "pmid"=>"26418002", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84947922018", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0139189"}, "id"=>"fe7c42e0-51b5-3bac-9ad5-222c902d1125", "abstract"=>"Vegetation burning is a common land management practice in Africa, where fire is used for hunting, livestock husbandry, pest control, food gathering, cropland fertilization, and wildfire prevention. Given such strong anthropogenic control of fire, we tested the hypotheses that fire activity displays weekly cycles, and that the week day with the fewest fires depends on regionally predominant religious affiliation. We also analyzed the effect of land use (anthrome) on weekly fire cycle significance. Fire density (fire counts.km-2) observed per week day in each region was modeled using a negative binomial regression model, with fire counts as response variable, region area as offset and a structured random effect to account for spatial dependence. Anthrome (settled, cropland, natural, rangeland), religion (Christian, Muslim, mixed) week day, and their 2-way and 3-way interactions were used as independent variables. Models were also built separately for each anthrome, relating regional fire density with week day and religious affiliation. Analysis revealed a significant interaction between religion and week day, i.e. regions with different religious affiliation (Christian, Muslim) display distinct weekly cycles of burning. However, the religion vs. week day interaction only is significant for croplands, i.e. fire activity in African croplands is significantly lower on Sunday in Christian regions and on Friday in Muslim regions. Magnitude of fire activity does not differ significantly among week days in rangelands and in natural areas, where fire use is under less strict control than in croplands. These findings can contribute towards improved specification of ignition patterns in regional/global vegetation fire models, and may lead to more accurate meteorological and chemical weather forecasting.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/religious-affiliation-modulates-weekly-cycles-cropland-burning-subsaharan-africa", "reader_count"=>14, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1, "Ethiopia"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2292794"], "description"=>"<p>Week day with the fewest fire counts.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cropland", "land management practice", "week day", "binomial regression model", "fire cycle significance", "region", "fire activity", "Religious Affiliation Modulates Weekly Cycles", "fire activity displays", "week day interaction", "fire density", "chemical weather forecasting"], "article_id"=>1559610, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["José M. C. Pereira", "Duarte Oom", "Paula Pereira", "Antónia A. Turkman", "K. Feridun Turkman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139189.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Week_day_with_the_fewest_fire_counts_/1559610", "title"=>"Week day with the fewest fire counts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-29 03:29:00"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2292810"], "description"=>"<p>a) All anthromes; b) Croplands. Solid line: Christian regions; Large dashed line: Muslim regions; Fine dashed line: mixed Christian-Muslim regions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cropland", "land management practice", "week day", "binomial regression model", "fire cycle significance", "region", "fire activity", "Religious Affiliation Modulates Weekly Cycles", "fire activity displays", "week day interaction", "fire density", "chemical weather forecasting"], "article_id"=>1559613, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["José M. C. Pereira", "Duarte Oom", "Paula Pereira", "Antónia A. Turkman", "K. Feridun Turkman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139189.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_MODIS_active_fire_density_fires_km_2_per_week_day_/1559613", "title"=>"Mean MODIS active fire density (fires.km<sup>-2</sup>) per week day.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-29 03:29:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2292811"], "description"=>"<p>Number of regions by dominant religion and dominant anthrome.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cropland", "land management practice", "week day", "binomial regression model", "fire cycle significance", "region", "fire activity", "Religious Affiliation Modulates Weekly Cycles", "fire activity displays", "week day interaction", "fire density", "chemical weather forecasting"], "article_id"=>1559614, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["José M. C. Pereira", "Duarte Oom", "Paula Pereira", "Antónia A. Turkman", "K. Feridun Turkman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139189.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_regions_by_dominant_religion_and_dominant_anthrome_/1559614", "title"=>"Number of regions by dominant religion and dominant anthrome.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-29 03:29:00"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2292812"], "description"=>"<p>R–Religion; W–Week day; A–Anthrome; ICAR–Intrinsic conditional autoregressive term.</p><p>The best model (lowest DIC, bold) includes all single variables, the two-way interactions between religion and week day, between religion and anthrome, and the spatial term.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cropland", "land management practice", "week day", "binomial regression model", "fire cycle significance", "region", "fire activity", "Religious Affiliation Modulates Weekly Cycles", "fire activity displays", "week day interaction", "fire density", "chemical weather forecasting"], "article_id"=>1559615, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["José M. C. Pereira", "Duarte Oom", "Paula Pereira", "Antónia A. Turkman", "K. Feridun Turkman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139189.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>13, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Deviance_Information_Criterion_DIC_scores_for_all_negative_binomial_models_fitted_/1559615", "title"=>"Deviance Information Criterion (DIC) scores for all negative binomial models fitted.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-29 03:29:00"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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