Differential Inactivation of Fungal Spores in Water and on Seeds by Ozone and Arc Discharge Plasma
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{"title"=>"Differential inactivation of fungal spores in water and on seeds by ozone and arc discharge plasma", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Min Ho", "last_name"=>"Kang", "scopus_author_id"=>"57199380072"}, {"first_name"=>"Anchalee", "last_name"=>"Pengkit", "scopus_author_id"=>"56925421400"}, {"first_name"=>"Kihong", "last_name"=>"Choi", "scopus_author_id"=>"56963116800"}, {"first_name"=>"Seong Sil", "last_name"=>"Jeon", "scopus_author_id"=>"56963278300"}, {"first_name"=>"Hyo Won", "last_name"=>"Choi", "scopus_author_id"=>"56963056000"}, {"first_name"=>"Dong Bum", "last_name"=>"Shin", "scopus_author_id"=>"26642675600"}, {"first_name"=>"Eun Ha", "last_name"=>"Choi", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402122101"}, {"first_name"=>"Han Sup", "last_name"=>"Uhm", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103362944"}, {"first_name"=>"Gyungsoon", "last_name"=>"Park", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403041953"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0139263", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84947293184", "pui"=>"606879255", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"26406468", "sgr"=>"84947293184"}, "id"=>"40b8b222-1542-3eb3-9f45-7fdd99534914", "abstract"=>"Seed sterilization is essential for preventing seed borne fungal diseases. Sterilization tools based on physical technologies have recently received much attention. However, available information is very limited in terms of efficiency, safety, and mode of action. In this study, we have examined antifungal activity of ozone and arc discharge plasma, potential tools for seed sterilization. In our results, ozone and arc discharge plasma have shown differential antifungal effects, depending on the environment associated with fungal spores (freely submerged in water or infected seeds). Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi (fungus causing rice bakanae disease) spores submerged in water more efficiently than arc discharge plasma. However, fungal spores associated with or infecting rice seeds are more effectively deactivated by arc discharge plasma. ROS generated in water by ozone may function as a powerful fungicidal factor. On the other hand, shockwave generated from arc discharge plasma may have greatly contributed to antifungal effects on fungus associated with rice seeds. In support of this notion, addition of ultrasonic wave in ozone generating water has greatly increased the efficiency of seed disinfection.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/differential-inactivation-fungal-spores-water-seeds-ozone-arc-discharge-plasma", "reader_count"=>20, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Materials Science"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Physics and Astronomy"=>4, "Chemistry"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>4}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>2}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>4}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Japan"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2288466"], "description"=>"<p>A. Set-up for ozone treatment. Ozone generator was connected to an acryl container filled with fungal spore suspension or rice seeds. B. Set-up for treatment with arc discharge plasma. A high voltage DC power supply was connected to two electrodes submerged in spore or rice seeds suspension in the container. C. Voltage and current profile during arc discharge at 10 kV and 12 Hz.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi", "Arc Discharge Plasma Seed sterilization", "spores", "antifungal effects", "rice bakanae disease", "arc discharge plasma", "rice seeds", "ros", "ozone"], "article_id"=>1556236, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Min Ho Kang", "Anchalee Pengkit", "Kihong Choi", "Seong Sil Jeon", "Hyo Won Choi", "Dong Bum Shin", "Eun Ha Choi", "Han Sup Uhm", "Gyungsoon Park"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139263.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_color_online_Schematic_view_of_the_devices_and_treatment_setting_/1556236", "title"=>"(color online) Schematic view of the devices and treatment setting.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-25 02:47:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2288483"], "description"=>"<p>A. Surface of rice seeds after treated with ozone (2 h) or arc discharge plasma (10 kV, 12 Hz for 30 min). Rice seeds with no treatment were used as control. Arrows indicate fungal spores. B. Set up for treatment with both ultrasonic wave and ozone in water. Ultrasonic wave was generated at 350 W power and 40 kHz frequency. C. Percentage of infected seeds after treated in water by both ultrasonic wave (indicated as Sonif.) and ozone (O<sub>3</sub>) for 2 or 3 hrs. Each value was an average of 3 experimental replicates. Student t-test was performed between control and each treatment; ** p < 0.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi", "Arc Discharge Plasma Seed sterilization", "spores", "antifungal effects", "rice bakanae disease", "arc discharge plasma", "rice seeds", "ros", "ozone"], "article_id"=>1556250, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Min Ho Kang", "Anchalee Pengkit", "Kihong Choi", "Seong Sil Jeon", "Hyo Won Choi", "Dong Bum Shin", "Eun Ha Choi", "Han Sup Uhm", "Gyungsoon Park"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139263.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_SEM_analysis_of_seed_surface_after_ozone_or_arc_discharge_plasma_/1556250", "title"=>"SEM analysis of seed surface after ozone or arc discharge plasma.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-25 02:47:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2288478"], "description"=>"<p>A. Percentage of infected seeds after treated in water by arc plasma discharged at 10 kV and different frequencies (6, 9, 12 Hz) for 30 min (upper graph) or discharged at 10 kV and 12 Hz for 5, 10, 20, and 30 min (bottom graph). Each value was an average of 3 experimental replicates. Student t-test was performed between control and each treatment; * p< 0.05, ** p < 0.01. B. Fungal growth from rice seeds after treated with arc plasma discharged at 10 kV and different frequencies (6, 9, 12 Hz) for 30 min. C. Fungal growth from rice seeds after treated with arc plasma discharged at 10 kV and 12 Hz for 5, 10, 20, and 30 min. All plates were incubated at 25°C for 6 days and then imaged.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi", "Arc Discharge Plasma Seed sterilization", "spores", "antifungal effects", "rice bakanae disease", "arc discharge plasma", "rice seeds", "ros", "ozone"], "article_id"=>1556245, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Min Ho Kang", "Anchalee Pengkit", "Kihong Choi", "Seong Sil Jeon", "Hyo Won Choi", "Dong Bum Shin", "Eun Ha Choi", "Han Sup Uhm", "Gyungsoon Park"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139263.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_color_online_Disinfection_of_rice_seeds_by_arc_discharge_plasma_treatment_/1556245", "title"=>"(color online) Disinfection of rice seeds by arc discharge plasma treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-25 02:47:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2288473"], "description"=>"<p>Morphology and internal structure of spores analyzed by using SEM (A) and TEM (B) after ozone and arc discharge plasma treatment. Fungal spores in water (10<sup>7</sup> / ml, total 200 ml) were treated with ozone for 30 sec or arc plasma for 10 min as described in materials and methods. After treatment, spores were collected by centrifugation and processed for electron microscopy.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi", "Arc Discharge Plasma Seed sterilization", "spores", "antifungal effects", "rice bakanae disease", "arc discharge plasma", "rice seeds", "ros", "ozone"], "article_id"=>1556240, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Min Ho Kang", "Anchalee Pengkit", "Kihong Choi", "Seong Sil Jeon", "Hyo Won Choi", "Dong Bum Shin", "Eun Ha Choi", "Han Sup Uhm", "Gyungsoon Park"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139263.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Structure_of_fungal_spores_after_ozone_or_plasma_treatment_/1556240", "title"=>"Structure of fungal spores after ozone or plasma treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-25 02:47:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2288468"], "description"=>"<p>Germination of <i>F</i>. <i>fujikuroi</i> spores after treatment with ozone (A) or arc discharge plasma (B). Germinated fungal spores were appeared as colonies on PDA plate and the number of colonies (CFU) was counted and converted to the log scale. Each value was an average of 3 experimental replicates and indicated on the bar. Student t-test was performed between control and each treatment; ** p < 0.01.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi", "Arc Discharge Plasma Seed sterilization", "spores", "antifungal effects", "rice bakanae disease", "arc discharge plasma", "rice seeds", "ros", "ozone"], "article_id"=>1556238, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Min Ho Kang", "Anchalee Pengkit", "Kihong Choi", "Seong Sil Jeon", "Hyo Won Choi", "Dong Bum Shin", "Eun Ha Choi", "Han Sup Uhm", "Gyungsoon Park"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139263.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Germination_of_fungal_spores_after_ozone_or_plasma_treatment_/1556238", "title"=>"Germination of fungal spores after ozone or plasma treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-25 02:47:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2288480"], "description"=>"<p>A. Concentration of ozone (ppm) present in water after ozone injection (1 lpm) for indicated time. All measurements were performed in 3 replicates. Student t-test was performed between each treatment time; ** p < 0.01. B. Relative level of ROS (OH radical, peroxynitrite, singlet oxygen) and RNS (nitric oxide) in water after ozone or arc plasma treatment compared to control (no treatment). All values on y-axis are the ratio between treatment and control (ratio = OD<sub>wavelength</sub> of ozone or plasma treatment / OD<sub>wavelength</sub> of control). All measurements were performed in 3 replicates.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi", "Arc Discharge Plasma Seed sterilization", "spores", "antifungal effects", "rice bakanae disease", "arc discharge plasma", "rice seeds", "ros", "ozone"], "article_id"=>1556247, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Min Ho Kang", "Anchalee Pengkit", "Kihong Choi", "Seong Sil Jeon", "Hyo Won Choi", "Dong Bum Shin", "Eun Ha Choi", "Han Sup Uhm", "Gyungsoon Park"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139263.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>35, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Level_of_reactive_species_in_water_after_ozone_and_arc_discharge_plasma_/1556247", "title"=>"Level of reactive species in water after ozone and arc discharge plasma.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-25 02:47:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2288479"], "description"=>"<p>A. Temperature of water after treatment with arc discharge plasma. Arc plasma was discharged at 10 kV and 12 Hz for 0.5, 1, 5, and 10 min or at 10 kV and different frequencies (6, 9, 12 Hz) for 30 min. B. pH of water after treated with ozone or arc discharge plasma for indicated time. Ozone injection rate was 1 lpm. Arc plasma was discharged at 10 kV and 12 Hz for 0.5, 1, 5, and 10 min or at 10 kV and different frequencies (6, 9, 12 Hz) for 30 min.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi", "Arc Discharge Plasma Seed sterilization", "spores", "antifungal effects", "rice bakanae disease", "arc discharge plasma", "rice seeds", "ros", "ozone"], "article_id"=>1556246, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Min Ho Kang", "Anchalee Pengkit", "Kihong Choi", "Seong Sil Jeon", "Hyo Won Choi", "Dong Bum Shin", "Eun Ha Choi", "Han Sup Uhm", "Gyungsoon Park"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139263.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>27, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Measurement_of_temperature_and_pH_in_water_after_ozone_or_arc_discharge_plasma_treatment_/1556246", "title"=>"Measurement of temperature and pH in water after ozone or arc discharge plasma treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-25 02:47:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2288476"], "description"=>"<p>A. Percentage of infected seeds after treated by ozone in water for 1 and 2 hrs (upper graph) or in water of different pH (3 and 10) and with different ozone injection rate (1 and 3 lpm) for 2 hrs (bottom graph). In upper graph, each value was an average of 3 experimental replicates. Student t-test was performed between control and each treatment; ** p < 0.01. B. Fungal growth from rice seeds after treated with ozone in water for 1 and 2 hrs. C. Fungal growth from rice seeds after treated with ozone in water of different pH (3 and 10) and ozone injection rate (1 and 3 lpm) for 2 hrs. All plates were incubated at 25°C for 6 days and then imaged.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Ozone inactivates Fusarium fujikuroi", "Arc Discharge Plasma Seed sterilization", "spores", "antifungal effects", "rice bakanae disease", "arc discharge plasma", "rice seeds", "ros", "ozone"], "article_id"=>1556243, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Min Ho Kang", "Anchalee Pengkit", "Kihong Choi", "Seong Sil Jeon", "Hyo Won Choi", "Dong Bum Shin", "Eun Ha Choi", "Han Sup Uhm", "Gyungsoon Park"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139263.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_color_online_Disinfection_of_rice_seeds_by_ozone_treatment_/1556243", "title"=>"(color online) Disinfection of rice seeds by ozone treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-25 02:47:11"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"17", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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Net::HTTPInternalServerError

Source
Counter
Time
2019-04-06 02:38:42 UTC
Target URL
http://counter-101.soma.plos.org/api/v1.0/stats/doi/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0139263
Trace

/app/models/concerns/networkable.rb:21:in `get_result'
/app/models/source.rb:165:in `get_data'
/app/models/retrieval_status.rb:47:in `perform_get_data'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:52:in `block (2 levels) in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:51:in `block in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `each'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `perform'