The Impact of Conservation Management on the Community Composition of Multiple Organism Groups in Eutrophic Interconnected Man-Made Ponds
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{"title"=>"The impact of conservation management on the community composition of multiple organism groups in eutrophic interconnected man-made ponds", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Pieter", "last_name"=>"Lemmens", "scopus_author_id"=>"55821302700"}, {"first_name"=>"Joachim", "last_name"=>"Mergeay", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507852399"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeroen", "last_name"=>"Van Wichelen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506237055"}, {"first_name"=>"Luc", "last_name"=>"De Meester", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004998563"}, {"first_name"=>"Steven A.J.", "last_name"=>"Declerck", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004553627"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84947729073", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0139371", "sgr"=>"84947729073", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"606955647"}, "id"=>"bd1a1632-b3c0-3eb6-b986-9eaad82db54e", "abstract"=>"Ponds throughout the world are subjected to a variety of management measures for purposes of biodiversity conservation. Current conservation efforts typically comprise a combination ofmultiple measures that directly and indirectly impact a wide range of organism groups. Knowledge of the relative impact of individualmeasures on different taxonomic groups is important for the development of effective conservation programs. We conducted a field study of 28 man-made ponds, representing four management types differing in the frequency of periodic pond drainage and the intensity of fish stock management.We disentangled the relative importance of direct and indirect effects of pond management measures on the community composition of phytoplankton, zooplankton, aquatic macro-invertebrates, submerged and emergent vascular plants. With the exception of phytoplankton, pond management had strong effects on the community composition of all investigated biota. Whether management affected communities directly or indirectly through its impact on fish communities or local environmental conditions in the pond varied between organism groups. Overall, the impact of pond drainage regime and fish community characteristics on the community composition of target organism groups were more important than local environmental conditions. The majority of taxa were negatively associated with fish density, whereas multiple emergent plant species and several taxa of aquaticmacro-invertebrates were positively affected by increased drainage frequency. The effects of fish community and drainage tended to be largely independent. The present study indicates that pond drainage is an important element for biodiversity conservation in eutrophicated shallow and interconnected man-made ponds.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/impact-conservation-management-community-composition-multiple-organism-groups-eutrophic-interconnect", "reader_count"=>14, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293753"], "description"=>"<p>(A) submerged and floating vegetation, (B) emergent vegetation, (C) macro-invertebrates, (D) mollusks, (E) hemipterans, (F) zooplankton. Only significant explanatory variables are visualized for each taxonomic group. Black triangles represent the centroids of the pond management types, grey arrows represent the first two site scores vectors of the PCA on fish community data, black arrows represent significant environmental variables and black arrows with grey fill represent frequency of pond drainage. Pond management type, site scores vectors of fish community, significant environmental variables and frequency of pond drainage were plotted as supplementary variables so did not influence the ordination. For clarity, only the taxa that occurred in minimum 15% of the samples are shown for submerged, emergent plants and zooplankton. The ordination plot of phytoplankton community composition is not shown since none of the explanatory variable sets had a significant effect. See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371#pone.0139371.s007\" target=\"_blank\">S3 Table</a> for full species names.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["impact", "biodiversity conservation", "Current conservation efforts", "fish stock management", "target organism groups", "pond drainage", "pond management measures", "fish community characteristics", "Multiple Organism Groups", "organism groups", "pond drainage regime", "community composition"], "article_id"=>1560320, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Pieter Lemmens", "Joachim Mergeay", "Jeroen Van Wichelen", "Luc De Meester", "Steven A. J. Declerck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ordination_plot_of_PCA_analysis_on_the_community_composition_the_investigated_organism_groups_/1560320", "title"=>"Ordination plot of PCA analysis on the community composition the investigated organism groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-30 03:01:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293754"], "description"=>"<p>(A) PCA plot on fish biomass composition and (B) a standardized PCA plot on pond environment variables. Black triangles represent the centroids of the pond management types and were plotted as supplementary variables, in order not to influence the ordination. Numbers behind the fish species names indicate different size classes (1: < 10 cm, 2: >10 cm and 3: >20 cm; except for <i>L</i>. <i>gibbosus</i>, <i>P</i>. <i>parva</i> where 1: < 7cm and 2: > 7cm; for <i>G</i>. <i>gobio</i>, <i>P</i>. <i>pungitius</i> and <i>R</i>. <i>sericeus</i> no differentiation in size classes was made). <i>A</i>. <i>nebusolus</i> = <i>Ameiurus nebulosus</i>, <i>C</i>. <i>gibelio</i> = <i>Carassius gibelio</i>, <i>C</i>. <i>carpio</i> = <i>Cyprinus carpio</i>, <i>G</i>. <i>gobio</i> = <i>Gobio gobio</i>, <i>L</i>. <i>gibbosus</i> = <i>Lepomis gibbosus</i>, <i>L</i>. <i>idus</i> = <i>Leuciscus idus</i>, <i>P</i>. <i>fluviatilis</i> = <i>Perca fluviatilis</i>, <i>P</i>. <i>parva</i> = <i>Pseudorasbora parva</i>, <i>P</i>. <i>pungitius</i> = <i>Pungitius pungitius</i>, <i>R</i>. <i>sericeus</i> = <i>Rhodeus sericeus</i>, <i>R</i>. <i>rutilus</i> = <i>Rutilus rutilus</i>, <i>S</i>. <i>erythrophthalmus</i> = <i>Scardinius erythrophthalmus</i>, <i>T</i>. <i>tinca</i> = <i>Tinca tinca</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["impact", "biodiversity conservation", "Current conservation efforts", "fish stock management", "target organism groups", "pond drainage", "pond management measures", "fish community characteristics", "Multiple Organism Groups", "organism groups", "pond drainage regime", "community composition"], "article_id"=>1560321, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Pieter Lemmens", "Joachim Mergeay", "Jeroen Van Wichelen", "Luc De Meester", "Steven A. J. Declerck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ordination_plots_of_Principal_Component_Analyses_PCA_/1560321", "title"=>"Ordination plots of Principal Component Analyses (PCA).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-30 03:01:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293755"], "description"=>"<p>The left-hand bars show compositional variation uniquely explained by fish (F|ED), pond environmental variables (E|FD) and pond drainage (D|FE), as well as the fraction of variation that is commonly explained by fish and environment (F∩E), drainage and fish (D∩F), drainage and environment (D∩E) and by drainage, fish and environment (D∩F∩E). Right-hand bars show the proportion of variation that is commonly explained by fish, pond environment and drainage independently from management (FED|M), the proportion of variation commonly explained by pond management, fish, pond environment and drainage (M∩FED), and the proportion of variation that is uniquely explained by pond management (M|FED). Proportions of variation that are significantly explained are indicated with * (P<0.05). Note that the significance of the fractions F∩E, D∩F, D∩E, D∩F∩E and M∩FED cannot be tested.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["impact", "biodiversity conservation", "Current conservation efforts", "fish stock management", "target organism groups", "pond drainage", "pond management measures", "fish community characteristics", "Multiple Organism Groups", "organism groups", "pond drainage regime", "community composition"], "article_id"=>1560322, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Pieter Lemmens", "Joachim Mergeay", "Jeroen Van Wichelen", "Luc De Meester", "Steven A. J. Declerck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stacked_bars_showing_the_results_of_variation_partitioning_analyses_on_community_composition_of_phytoplankton_PP_submerged_and_floating_vegetation_SUBM_emergent_vegetation_EMERG_aquatic_macro_invertebrates_MI_mollusks_MOLL_Hemipterans_HEMI_and_zooplankto/1560322", "title"=>"Stacked bars showing the results of variation partitioning analyses on community composition of phytoplankton (PP), submerged and floating vegetation (SUBM), emergent vegetation (EMERG), aquatic macro-invertebrates (MI), mollusks (MOLL), Hemipterans (HEMI), and zooplankton (ZP).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-30 03:01:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293756"], "description"=>"<p>These management types are currently applied in the region for purposes of biodiversity conservation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["impact", "biodiversity conservation", "Current conservation efforts", "fish stock management", "target organism groups", "pond drainage", "pond management measures", "fish community characteristics", "Multiple Organism Groups", "organism groups", "pond drainage regime", "community composition"], "article_id"=>1560323, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Pieter Lemmens", "Joachim Mergeay", "Jeroen Van Wichelen", "Luc De Meester", "Steven A. J. Declerck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_the_pond_management_types_in_relation_to_fish_stock_management_and_frequency_of_periodic_pond_drainage_/1560323", "title"=>"Description of the pond management types in relation to fish stock management and frequency of periodic pond drainage.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-30 03:01:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293757"], "description"=>"<p><sup>a</sup> The percentage of explained variation (i.e. marginal effects).</p><p><sup>b</sup> The significance level</p><p>'*' p <0.05</p><p>'**' p <0.01; 'ns' not significant.</p><p><sup>c</sup> Significant environmental variables that were selected by the forward selection procedure.</p><p>RDA analyses separately testing for effect of pond management type (MAN), fish community composition (FISH), local environment variables (ENV) and frequency of pond drainage (DRAIN) on the community composition of each of the studied target organism groups.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["impact", "biodiversity conservation", "Current conservation efforts", "fish stock management", "target organism groups", "pond drainage", "pond management measures", "fish community characteristics", "Multiple Organism Groups", "organism groups", "pond drainage regime", "community composition"], "article_id"=>1560325, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Pieter Lemmens", "Joachim Mergeay", "Jeroen Van Wichelen", "Luc De Meester", "Steven A. J. Declerck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_RDA_analyses_/1560325", "title"=>"Results of RDA analyses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-30 03:01:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293768", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293769", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293770", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293771", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293772", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293773", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293774"], "description"=>"<div><p>Ponds throughout the world are subjected to a variety of management measures for purposes of biodiversity conservation. Current conservation efforts typically comprise a combination of multiple measures that directly and indirectly impact a wide range of organism groups. Knowledge of the relative impact of individual measures on different taxonomic groups is important for the development of effective conservation programs. We conducted a field study of 28 man-made ponds, representing four management types differing in the frequency of periodic pond drainage and the intensity of fish stock management. We disentangled the relative importance of direct and indirect effects of pond management measures on the community composition of phytoplankton, zooplankton, aquatic macro-invertebrates, submerged and emergent vascular plants. With the exception of phytoplankton, pond management had strong effects on the community composition of all investigated biota. Whether management affected communities directly or indirectly through its impact on fish communities or local environmental conditions in the pond varied between organism groups. Overall, the impact of pond drainage regime and fish community characteristics on the community composition of target organism groups were more important than local environmental conditions. The majority of taxa were negatively associated with fish density, whereas multiple emergent plant species and several taxa of aquatic macro-invertebrates were positively affected by increased drainage frequency. The effects of fish community and drainage tended to be largely independent. The present study indicates that pond drainage is an important element for biodiversity conservation in eutrophicated shallow and interconnected man-made ponds.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["impact", "biodiversity conservation", "Current conservation efforts", "fish stock management", "target organism groups", "pond drainage", "pond management measures", "fish community characteristics", "Multiple Organism Groups", "organism groups", "pond drainage regime", "community composition"], "article_id"=>1560326, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Pieter Lemmens", "Joachim Mergeay", "Jeroen Van Wichelen", "Luc De Meester", "Steven A. J. Declerck"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Impact_of_Conservation_Management_on_the_Community_Composition_of_Multiple_Organism_Groups_in_Eutrophic_Interconnected_Man_Made_Ponds_/1560326", "title"=>"The Impact of Conservation Management on the Community Composition of Multiple Organism Groups in Eutrophic Interconnected Man-Made Ponds", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-09-30 03:01:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2293746"], "description"=>"<p>Management may determine fish community characteristics (1), which may affect other organism groups directly through the associated predation regime (2a) or indirectly via an alteration of the pond environment (2b+3). Management may also affect aquatic communities by altering local environmental pond conditions (4+3). In addition, management can also determine the pond drainage regime (5), which in its turn may have direct effects on aquatic communities (6a), or indirect effects through its impact on the fish community (6b+2a or 6b+2b+3) or the pond environment (6c+3). Management may also have unique effects independently of fish, drainage regime and the measured environmental variables (7).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["impact", "biodiversity conservation", "Current conservation efforts", "fish stock management", "target organism groups", "pond drainage", "pond management measures", "fish community characteristics", "Multiple Organism Groups", "organism groups", "pond drainage regime", "community composition"], "article_id"=>1560313, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Pieter Lemmens", "Joachim Mergeay", "Jeroen Van Wichelen", "Luc De Meester", "Steven A. J. Declerck"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139371.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Conceptual_model_representing_the_potential_direct_and_indirect_ways_through_which_pond_management_can_affect_aquatic_communities_/1560313", "title"=>"Conceptual model representing the potential direct and indirect ways through which pond management can affect aquatic communities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-30 03:01:41"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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