Weather and Prey Predict Mammals’ Visitation to Water
Publication Date
November 11, 2015
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Grant Harris, James G. Sanderson, Jon Erz, Sarah E. Lehnen, et al
Volume
10
Issue
11
Pages
e0141355
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0141355
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26560518
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4641626
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26560518
Scopus
84955445348
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/weather-prey-predict-mammals-visitation-water
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436546"], "description"=>"<p>Daily activity patterns (based on species presence/absence at an hourly resolution) for mammalian predators (blue) and prey (black) at Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, USA, from June 29, 2009–September 15, 2014. Prey was identified based on the models receiving most support, which predicted visitation to water for each predator. None of the predator models included pronghorn as a predictor for water visitation. The vertical axis represents the proportion of visitation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge", "Mule deer visitation", "rh", "wildlife management objectives", "animals visit water", "target species", "mule deer", "usa", "vpd", "desert cottontail rabbits", "Standardized model coefficients"], "article_id"=>1600130, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Grant Harris", "James G. Sanderson", "Jon Erz", "Sarah E. Lehnen", "Matthew J. Butler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Activity_Patterns_/1600130", "title"=>"Activity Patterns.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-11 03:11:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436547"], "description"=>"<p>The total number of images, number of independent images, and the amount of reduction in data by analyzing independent images to predict visitation to water for 9 mammals inhabiting Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge (New Mexico, USA). The table includes the duration of visits to water which represents the amount of time spent visiting water. Return time indicates the average time between independent visits at a site.</p><p><sup>a</sup> The duration that < 99% of all visits lasted (minutes)</p><p>Summary Statistics for Camera Imagery with Visit Durations and Species Return Times at Water Sources.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge", "Mule deer visitation", "rh", "wildlife management objectives", "animals visit water", "target species", "mule deer", "usa", "vpd", "desert cottontail rabbits", "Standardized model coefficients"], "article_id"=>1600131, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Grant Harris", "James G. Sanderson", "Jon Erz", "Sarah E. Lehnen", "Matthew J. Butler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_Statistics_for_Camera_Imagery_with_Visit_Durations_and_Species_Return_Times_at_Water_Sources_/1600131", "title"=>"Summary Statistics for Camera Imagery with Visit Durations and Species Return Times at Water Sources.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-11 03:11:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436548"], "description"=>"<p>Models of visitation to water for 4 ungulates and 2 lagomorphs inhabiting Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, USA.</p><p><sup>a</sup> Table includes models with informative parameters and ΔAIC < 2.0. Table excludes one oryx model and 2 jackrabbit models that were subsets of the models presented (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355#pone.0141355.s004\" target=\"_blank\">S3 Table</a>). Model coefficients are not standardized.</p><p><sup>b</sup> Number of parameters includes the intercept and dispersion parameter.</p><p>Herbivore Visitation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge", "Mule deer visitation", "rh", "wildlife management objectives", "animals visit water", "target species", "mule deer", "usa", "vpd", "desert cottontail rabbits", "Standardized model coefficients"], "article_id"=>1600132, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Grant Harris", "James G. Sanderson", "Jon Erz", "Sarah E. Lehnen", "Matthew J. Butler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Herbivore_Visitation_/1600132", "title"=>"Herbivore Visitation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-11 03:11:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436549"], "description"=>"<p>Models of visitation to water for bobcat, coyote and puma inhabiting Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, USA.</p><p><sup>a</sup> Table includes models with informative parameters and ΔAIC > 2.0. Table excludes three bobcat models, one coyote model and one puma model that were subsets of the models presented (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355#pone.0141355.s004\" target=\"_blank\">S3 Table</a>). Model coefficients are not standardized.</p><p><sup>b</sup> Number of parameters includes the intercept and dispersion parameter.</p><p><sup>c</sup> Lagomorphs consisted of cottontail and jackrabbit visitation combined.</p><p>Predator Visitation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge", "Mule deer visitation", "rh", "wildlife management objectives", "animals visit water", "target species", "mule deer", "usa", "vpd", "desert cottontail rabbits", "Standardized model coefficients"], "article_id"=>1600133, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Grant Harris", "James G. Sanderson", "Jon Erz", "Sarah E. Lehnen", "Matthew J. Butler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predator_Visitation_/1600133", "title"=>"Predator Visitation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-11 03:11:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436550", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436551", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436552", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436553"], "description"=>"<div><p>Throughout many arid lands of Africa, Australia and the United States, wildlife agencies provide water year-round for increasing game populations and enhancing biodiversity, despite concerns that water provisioning may favor species more dependent on water, increase predation, and reduce biodiversity. In part, understanding the effects of water provisioning requires identifying why and when animals visit water. Employing this information, by matching water provisioning with use by target species, could assist wildlife management objectives while mitigating unintended consequences of year-round watering regimes. Therefore, we examined if weather variables (maximum temperature, relative humidity [RH], vapor pressure deficit [VPD], long and short-term precipitation) and predator-prey relationships (i.e., prey presence) predicted water visitation by 9 mammals. We modeled visitation as recorded by trail cameras at Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, USA (June 2009 to September 2014) using generalized linear modeling. For 3 native ungulates, elk (<i>Cervus Canadensis</i>), mule deer (<i>Odocoileus hemionus</i>), and pronghorn (<i>Antilocapra americana</i>), less long-term precipitation and higher maximum temperatures increased visitation, including RH for mule deer. Less long-term precipitation and higher VPD increased oryx (<i>Oryx gazella</i>) and desert cottontail rabbits (<i>Sylvilagus audubonii</i>) visitation. Long-term precipitation, with RH or VPD, predicted visitation for black-tailed jackrabbits (<i>Lepus californicus</i>). Standardized model coefficients demonstrated that the amount of long-term precipitation influenced herbivore visitation most. Weather (especially maximum temperature) and prey (cottontails and jackrabbits) predicted bobcat (<i>Lynx rufus</i>) visitation. Mule deer visitation had the largest influence on coyote (<i>Canis latrans</i>) visitation. Puma (<i>Puma concolor</i>) visitation was solely predicted by prey visitation (elk, mule deer, oryx). Most ungulate visitation peaked during May and June. Coyote, elk and puma visitation was relatively consistent throughout the year. Within the diel-period, activity patterns for predators corresponded with prey. Year-round water management may favor species with consistent use throughout the year, and facilitate predation. Providing water only during periods of high use by target species may moderate unwanted biological costs.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge", "Mule deer visitation", "rh", "wildlife management objectives", "animals visit water", "target species", "mule deer", "usa", "vpd", "desert cottontail rabbits", "Standardized model coefficients"], "article_id"=>1600134, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Grant Harris", "James G. Sanderson", "Jon Erz", "Sarah E. Lehnen", "Matthew J. Butler"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Weather_and_Prey_Predict_Mammals_8217_Visitation_to_Water_/1600134", "title"=>"Weather and Prey Predict Mammals’ Visitation to Water", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-11-11 03:11:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436540"], "description"=>"<p>Interaction between maximum temperature (weekly average) and long-term precipitation (6-week total) in the models receiving most support (lowest AIC) for predicting visitation to water for bobcat, elk, mule deer and pronghorn inhabiting Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, USA. Blue indicates the model prediction with maximum temperature held at the lower quartile. Red indicates the model prediction with maximum temperature held at the upper quartile. Shading colors the 95% confidence interval for the predictions describing the amount of visitation to water.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge", "Mule deer visitation", "rh", "wildlife management objectives", "animals visit water", "target species", "mule deer", "usa", "vpd", "desert cottontail rabbits", "Standardized model coefficients"], "article_id"=>1600124, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Grant Harris", "James G. Sanderson", "Jon Erz", "Sarah E. Lehnen", "Matthew J. Butler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Variable_Interaction_/1600124", "title"=>"Variable Interaction.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-11 03:11:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436542"], "description"=>"<p>Visualization of the best model fit predicting the total visitation to water per week (blue line, with 95% confidence intervals as light blue coloring) for 9 mammals inhabiting Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, USA. Model predictions span June 29, 2009 through December 31, 2013, with data from 2009–2013 used to fit the model. Model projections occur from January 1, 2014–December 31, 2014. Gray line indicates the actual number of visits observed each week.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge", "Mule deer visitation", "rh", "wildlife management objectives", "animals visit water", "target species", "mule deer", "usa", "vpd", "desert cottontail rabbits", "Standardized model coefficients"], "article_id"=>1600126, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Grant Harris", "James G. Sanderson", "Jon Erz", "Sarah E. Lehnen", "Matthew J. Butler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Model_Fit_/1600126", "title"=>"Model Fit.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-11 03:11:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2436543"], "description"=>"<p>Timing of visitation to water for 9 mammals inhabiting Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico, USA. The shaded area encompasses the prediction and confidence interval from the best model for weekly visitation, using weather averages during the modeling period from June 29, 2009 through December 31, 2013 (and visitation by prey for carnivores). The points represent model predictions using weather data and prey visitations (as appropriate) from 2014. All predictions were divided by the maximum visitation value, to generate a proportion. Red colors values > 66.66% (high use) and blue points colors values < 33.33% (low use). Black lines on the points indicate confidence intervals. Predictions from 2014 corresponded with model predictions from 2009–2013.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge", "Mule deer visitation", "rh", "wildlife management objectives", "animals visit water", "target species", "mule deer", "usa", "vpd", "desert cottontail rabbits", "Standardized model coefficients"], "article_id"=>1600127, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Grant Harris", "James G. Sanderson", "Jon Erz", "Sarah E. Lehnen", "Matthew J. Butler"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0141355.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Monthly_Timing_of_Visitation_/1600127", "title"=>"Monthly Timing of Visitation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-11 03:11:49"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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