Does Fish Oil Have an Anti-Obesity Effect in Overweight/Obese Adults? A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
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{"title"=>"Does fish oil have an anti-obesity effect in overweight/obese adults? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Shichun", "last_name"=>"Du", "scopus_author_id"=>"53979659600"}, {"first_name"=>"Jie", "last_name"=>"Jin", "scopus_author_id"=>"56390829100"}, {"first_name"=>"Wenjun", "last_name"=>"Fang", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202236866"}, {"first_name"=>"Qing", "last_name"=>"Su", "scopus_author_id"=>"36123923800"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"607987842", "pmid"=>"26571503", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0142652", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84956622386", "sgr"=>"84956622386", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"6c32b367-d4cf-39b7-9203-e45359ae4d17", "abstract"=>"Context Accumulating evidence has suggested favorable effects of fish oil on weight loss in animal experiments; however, findings remain inconsistent in humans. Objects The meta-analysis was performed to investigate the influence of fish oil on some parameters of body composition in overweight/obese adults. Design Human randomized, placebo-controlled trials were identified by a systematic search of Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, web of science and reference lists of related reviews and articles. The random-effects model was used to estimate the calculated results. Results In total, 21 studies with 30 study arms were included in this analysis. Calculated results of the meta-analysis demonstrated that fish oil had no effect on reducing body weight (overall SMD = -0.07, 95% CI -0.21 to 0.07, P = 0.31) and BMI (overall SMD = -0.09, 95% CI -0.22 to 0.03, P = 0.14) whether alone or combined with life modification intervention in overweight/obese subjects. However, waist circumference was significantly reduced (SMD = -0.23, 95% CI -0.40 to -0.06, P = 0.008) in those with fish oil supplementation combined with life modification intervention. Waist hip ratio (WHR) was significantly reduced (overall SMD = -0.52 95% CI -0.76 to -0.27, P < 0.0005) in fish oil supplemented individuals with or without combination life modification intervention. Conclusion Current evidence cannot support an exact anti-obesity role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in overweight/obese subjects. However, these subjects may benefit from reducing abdominal fat with fish oil supplementation especially when combined with life modification intervention. Further large-scale and long-term clinical trials are needed to gain definite conclusions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/fish-oil-antiobesity-effect-overweightobese-adults-metaanalysis-randomized-controlled-trials-3", "reader_count"=>47, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>12, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>12, "Materials Science"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>16, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>3, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>16}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>3}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>12}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2441959"], "description"=>"<p>Funnel plots from meta-analyses for the effects of fish oil on changes in body weight (A) and BMI (B).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["waist hip ratio", "life modification intervention", "subject", "bmi", "combination life modification intervention.ConclusionCurrent evidence", "smd", "whr", "ci", "pufa", "fish oil supplementation", "fish oil", "30 study arms", "Randomized Controlled Trials ContextAccumulating evidence"], "article_id"=>1604032, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Shichun Du", "Jie Jin", "Wenjun Fang", "Qing Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142652.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Funnel_plots_from_meta_analyses_for_the_effects_of_fish_oil_on_changes_in_body_weight_A_and_BMI_B_/1604032", "title"=>"Funnel plots from meta-analyses for the effects of fish oil on changes in body weight (A) and BMI (B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-16 03:19:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2441960"], "description"=>"<p>NR, not reported; PCOS, polycystic ovary syndrome; T2DM, type 2 diabetes; Met S, metabolic syndrome; Wt, body weight; BMI, body mass index; WHR, waist hip ratio; WC, waist circumference.</p><p>General health, overall health status apart from overweight/obese.</p><p>The study by Thorsdottir et al had a fish oil capsules group (1.5 g/d EPA + DHA) and fatty fish diet group (3g/d EPA+DHA).</p><p>The study by Crochemore et al was given fish oil capsules with 0.54 or 0.9 g/d EPA +DHA.</p><p>The study by Sjoberg et al was given fish oil capsules with 0.64, 1.28, or 1.92g/d EPA +DHA.</p><p>The study by Moore et al compared 4.5g/week EPA+DHA plus rapeseed oil with 0.7g/week EPA+DHA plus rapeseed oil; 4.5g/week EPA+DHA plus sunflower oil with 0.7g/week EPA+DHA plus sunflower oil.</p><p>The studies by Mori, Hill, and Munro et al included comparisons with participants underwent fish oil alone or combined with weight loss program.</p><p>Overview and characteristics of included studies.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["waist hip ratio", "life modification intervention", "subject", "bmi", "combination life modification intervention.ConclusionCurrent evidence", "smd", "whr", "ci", "pufa", "fish oil supplementation", "fish oil", "30 study arms", "Randomized Controlled Trials ContextAccumulating evidence"], "article_id"=>1604033, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Shichun Du", "Jie Jin", "Wenjun Fang", "Qing Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142652.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overview_and_characteristics_of_included_studies_/1604033", "title"=>"Overview and characteristics of included studies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-16 03:19:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2441961"], "description"=>"<p>Subgroup estimation of the effects of fish oil on body weight changes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["waist hip ratio", "life modification intervention", "subject", "bmi", "combination life modification intervention.ConclusionCurrent evidence", "smd", "whr", "ci", "pufa", "fish oil supplementation", "fish oil", "30 study arms", "Randomized Controlled Trials ContextAccumulating evidence"], "article_id"=>1604034, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Shichun Du", "Jie Jin", "Wenjun Fang", "Qing Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142652.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Subgroup_estimation_of_the_effects_of_fish_oil_on_body_weight_changes_/1604034", "title"=>"Subgroup estimation of the effects of fish oil on body weight changes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-16 03:19:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2441962"], "description"=>"<p>Subgroup estimation of the effects of fish oil on BMI changes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["waist hip ratio", "life modification intervention", "subject", "bmi", "combination life modification intervention.ConclusionCurrent evidence", "smd", "whr", "ci", "pufa", "fish oil supplementation", "fish oil", "30 study arms", "Randomized Controlled Trials ContextAccumulating evidence"], "article_id"=>1604035, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Shichun Du", "Jie Jin", "Wenjun Fang", "Qing Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142652.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Subgroup_estimation_of_the_effects_of_fish_oil_on_BMI_changes_/1604035", "title"=>"Subgroup estimation of the effects of fish oil on BMI changes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-16 03:19:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2441963"], "description"=>"<div><p>Context</p><p>Accumulating evidence has suggested favorable effects of fish oil on weight loss in animal experiments; however, findings remain inconsistent in humans.</p><p>Objects</p><p>The meta-analysis was performed to investigate the influence of fish oil on some parameters of body composition in overweight/obese adults.</p><p>Design</p><p>Human randomized, placebo-controlled trials were identified by a systematic search of Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, web of science and reference lists of related reviews and articles. The random-effects model was used to estimate the calculated results.</p><p>Results</p><p>In total, 21 studies with 30 study arms were included in this analysis. Calculated results of the meta-analysis demonstrated that fish oil had no effect on reducing body weight (overall SMD = -0.07, 95% CI -0.21 to 0.07, <i>P</i> = 0.31) and BMI (overall SMD = -0.09, 95% CI -0.22 to 0.03, <i>P</i> = 0.14) whether alone or combined with life modification intervention in overweight/obese subjects. However, waist circumference was significantly reduced (SMD = -0.23, 95% CI -0.40 to -0.06, <i>P</i> = 0.008) in those with fish oil supplementation combined with life modification intervention. Waist hip ratio (WHR) was significantly reduced (overall SMD = -0.52 95% CI -0.76 to -0.27, <i>P</i> < 0.0005) in fish oil supplemented individuals with or without combination life modification intervention.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>Current evidence cannot support an exact anti-obesity role of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in overweight/obese subjects. However, these subjects may benefit from reducing abdominal fat with fish oil supplementation especially when combined with life modification intervention. Further large-scale and long-term clinical trials are needed to gain definite conclusions.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["waist hip ratio", "life modification intervention", "subject", "bmi", "combination life modification intervention.ConclusionCurrent evidence", "smd", "whr", "ci", "pufa", "fish oil supplementation", "fish oil", "30 study arms", "Randomized Controlled Trials ContextAccumulating evidence"], "article_id"=>1604036, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Shichun Du", "Jie Jin", "Wenjun Fang", "Qing Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142652", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Does_Fish_Oil_Have_an_Anti_Obesity_Effect_in_Overweight_Obese_Adults_A_Meta_Analysis_of_Randomized_Controlled_Trials_/1604036", "title"=>"Does Fish Oil Have an Anti-Obesity Effect in Overweight/Obese Adults? A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-11-16 03:19:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2441956"], "description"=>"<p><i>From</i>: Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, The PRISMA Group (2009). <i>P</i>referred <i>R</i>eporting <i>I</i>tems for <i>S</i>ystematic Reviews and <i>M</i>eta-<i>A</i>nalyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Med 6(6): e1000097. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed1000097. <b>For more information, visit</b><a href=\"http://www.prisma-statement.org\" target=\"_blank\">www.prisma-statement.org</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["waist hip ratio", "life modification intervention", "subject", "bmi", "combination life modification intervention.ConclusionCurrent evidence", "smd", "whr", "ci", "pufa", "fish oil supplementation", "fish oil", "30 study arms", "Randomized Controlled Trials ContextAccumulating evidence"], "article_id"=>1604029, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Shichun Du", "Jie Jin", "Wenjun Fang", "Qing Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142652.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_PRISMA_2009_flow_diagram_illustrates_the_study_selection_procedure_/1604029", "title"=>"PRISMA 2009 flow diagram illustrates the study selection procedure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-16 03:19:13"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2441958"], "description"=>"<p>Forest plots from meta-analyses for the effects of fish oil on changes in body weight (A), BMI (B), waist circumference (C), and WHR (D).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["waist hip ratio", "life modification intervention", "subject", "bmi", "combination life modification intervention.ConclusionCurrent evidence", "smd", "whr", "ci", "pufa", "fish oil supplementation", "fish oil", "30 study arms", "Randomized Controlled Trials ContextAccumulating evidence"], "article_id"=>1604031, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Shichun Du", "Jie Jin", "Wenjun Fang", "Qing Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142652.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Forest_plots_from_meta_analyses_for_the_effects_of_fish_oil_on_changes_in_body_weight_A_BMI_B_waist_circumference_C_and_WHR_D_/1604031", "title"=>"Forest plots from meta-analyses for the effects of fish oil on changes in body weight (A), BMI (B), waist circumference (C), and WHR (D).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-11-16 03:19:13"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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