Sentiment of Emojis
Publication Date
December 07, 2015
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Petra Kralj Novak, Jasmina Smailović, Borut Sluban & Igor Mozetič
Volume
10
Issue
12
Pages
e0144296
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0144296
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26641093
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4671607
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26641093
Web of Science
000366902700093
Scopus
84955449861
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/sentiment-emojis
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Sentiment of emojis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Petra Kralj", "last_name"=>"Novak", "scopus_author_id"=>"26321161700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jasmina", "last_name"=>"Smailović", "scopus_author_id"=>"55787266400"}, {"first_name"=>"Borut", "last_name"=>"Sluban", "scopus_author_id"=>"55393669000"}, {"first_name"=>"Igor", "last_name"=>"Mozetič", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506490886"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"607909862", "sgr"=>"84955449861", "pmid"=>"26641093", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84955449861", "arxiv"=>"1509.07761", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0144296", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"da7b33de-65bf-31e1-85ca-abdb8061146d", "abstract"=>"There is a new generation of emoticons, called emojis, that is increasingly being used in mobile communications and social media. In the past two years, over ten billion emojis were used on Twitter. Emojis are Unicode graphic symbols, used as a shorthand to express concepts and ideas. In contrast to the small number of well-known emoticons that carry clear emotional contents, there are hundreds of emojis. But what are their emotional contents? We provide the first emoji sentiment lexicon, called the Emoji Sentiment Ranking, and draw a sentiment map of the 751 most frequently used emojis. The sentiment of the emojis is computed from the sentiment of the tweets in which they occur. We engaged 83 human annotators to label over 1.6 million tweets in 13 European languages by the sentiment polarity (negative, neutral, or positive). About 4% of the annotated tweets contain emojis. The sentiment analysis of the emojis allows us to draw several interesting conclusions. It turns out that most of the emojis are positive, especially the most popular ones. The sentiment distribution of the tweets with and without emojis is significantly different. The inter-annotator agreement on the tweets with emojis is higher. Emojis tend to occur at the end of the tweets, and their sentiment polarity increases with the distance. We observe no significant differences in the emoji rankings between the 13 languages and the Emoji Sentiment Ranking. Consequently, we propose our Emoji Sentiment Ranking as a European language-independent resource for automated sentiment analysis. Finally, the paper provides a formalization of sentiment and a novel visualization in the form of a sentiment bar.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/sentiment-emojis", "reader_count"=>269, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Researcher"=>29, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>53, "Student > Postgraduate"=>17, "Student > Master"=>51, "Other"=>13, "Student > Bachelor"=>64, "Lecturer"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>6, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>9, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>13, "Researcher"=>29, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>53, "Student > Postgraduate"=>17, "Student > Master"=>51, "Other"=>13, "Student > Bachelor"=>64, "Lecturer"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>15, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>9, "Philosophy"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>17, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>100, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>5, "Engineering"=>11, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Mathematics"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>8, "Design"=>8, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>30, "Social Sciences"=>30, "Linguistics"=>19}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>8}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>30}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>30}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>15}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>9}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>8}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>11}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>100}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>17}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>19}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Republic of Singapore"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Japan"=>2, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Spain"=>2, "Canada"=>1, "Austria"=>1, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Turkey"=>1, "Ireland"=>1, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Italy"=>1, "Slovenia"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>36}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84955449861"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84955449861?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84955449861&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84955449861&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84955449861", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84955449861", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84955449861", "dc:title"=>"Sentiment of emojis", "dc:creator"=>"Novak P.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"12", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-12-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"1 December 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0144296", "citedby-count"=>"268", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Jozef Stefan Institute", "affiliation-city"=>"Ljubljana", "affiliation-country"=>"Slovenia"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26641093", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"A533", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true, "freetoread"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"all"}, {"$"=>"publisherfullgold"}, {"$"=>"repository"}, {"$"=>"repositoryvor"}, {"$"=>"repositoryam"}]}, "freetoreadLabel"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"All Open Access"}, {"$"=>"Gold"}, {"$"=>"Green"}]}}

Article Coverage

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0144296", "share_count"=>23, "like_count"=>27, "comment_count"=>28, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>78}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"235", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"2907"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"85", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1662"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1262"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"125", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1467"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"180", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2123"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"218", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1137"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"164", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1023"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"155", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"909"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"123", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"815"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"193", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"862"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"527", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1082"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"130", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1041"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"201", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"924"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"306", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"1288"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"434", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"2212"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"438", "xml_views"=>"13", "html_views"=>"2101"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"366", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"2194"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"312", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"2332"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"290", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"1599"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"306", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"1351"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"267", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"1389"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"252", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"1563"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"217", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"1722"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"335", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"2407"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"168", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"3208"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"242", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"1899"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"212", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"717"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"244", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"868"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"365", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"948"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"341", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"801"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"525", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"867"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"392", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"703"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"324", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"596"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"339", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"669"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"414", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"898"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"513", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"817"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"455", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"565"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"439", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"571"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"354", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"567"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"489", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"800"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"636", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"810"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"613", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"807"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"387", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"625"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"449", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"590"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"404", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"537"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"370", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"637"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"252", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"874"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"255", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"818"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"203", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"612"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"175", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"530"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"210", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"475"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"213", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"521"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"502", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"525"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"609", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"714"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"182", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"588"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"224", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"546"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"209", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"428"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"132", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"420"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"214", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"682"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"261", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"566"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"187", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"423"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"202", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"457"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"124", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"543"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445608"], "description"=>"<p>Emojis are ordered by the number of occurrences <i>N</i>. The average <i>position</i> ranges from 0 (the beginning of the tweets) to 1 (the end of the tweets). <i>p</i><sub><i>c</i></sub>, <i>c</i> ∈ {−1, 0, +1}, are the negativity, neutrality, and positivity, respectively. is the sentiment score.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620676, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_10_emojis_/1620676", "title"=>"Top 10 emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445614"], "description"=>"<p>Left: negative (red), right: positive (green), top: neutral (yellow). Bubble size is proportional to log<sub>10</sub> of the emoji occurrences in the Emoji Sentiment Ranking. Sections A, B, and C are references to the zoomed-in panels in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296#pone.0144296.g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 3</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620679, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sentiment_map_of_the_751_emojis_/1620679", "title"=>"Sentiment map of the 751 emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445617"], "description"=>"<p>Shown are emojis that occur at least 100 times in the Emoji Sentiment Ranking. Panel <b>A</b>: negative emojis, panel <b>B</b>: neutral (top) and bipolar (bottom) emojis, panel <b>C</b>: positive emojis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620680, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Emojis_in_sections_A_B_and_C_of_Fig_2_/1620680", "title"=>"Emojis in sections A, B, and C of Fig 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445620"], "description"=>"<p>The mean sentiment score of the 751 emojis (in bins of 0.05) is +0.305.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620681, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_emojis_by_sentiment_score_/1620681", "title"=>"Distribution of emojis by sentiment score.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445623"], "description"=>"<p>The emojis are ranked by their occurrence (log scale). The column color indicates the sentiment score. The partitioning into two equally weighted halfs is indicated by a line at <i>R</i><sub>1/2</sub>. The first 33 emojis are zoomed-in in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296#pone.0144296.g006\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 6</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620683, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_occurrences_and_sentiment_of_the_751_emojis_/1620683", "title"=>"Distribution of occurrences and sentiment of the 751 emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445626"], "description"=>"<p>Column color represents the emoji sentiment score.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620685, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_33_emojis_by_occurrence_/1620685", "title"=>"Top 33 emojis by occurrence.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445632"], "description"=>"<p>Bubble size is proportional to log<sub>10</sub> of the emoji occurrences in the Emoji Sentiment Ranking. Left: the beginning of tweets, right: the end of tweets, bottom: negative (red), top: positive (green).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620687, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_positions_of_the_751_emojis_in_tweets_/1620687", "title"=>"Average positions of the 751 emojis in tweets.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445635"], "description"=>"<p>The trendlines are functions <i>p</i><sub><i>c</i></sub>(<i>d</i>) of the distance <i>d</i> from the beginning of the tweets.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620689, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Negativity_neutrality_and_positivity_regressed_with_position_from_left_to_right_/1620689", "title"=>"Negativity, neutrality, and positivity regressed with position (from left to right).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445641"], "description"=>"<p>The colored bar extends from −1 to +1, the range of the sentiment score . The grey bar is centered at and extended for , but never beyond the range of . Colored parts are proportional to negativity (<i>p</i><sub>−</sub>, red), neutrality (<i>p</i><sub>0</sub>, yellow), and positivity (<i>p</i><sub>+</sub>, green).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620690, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.g009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sentiment_bars_of_the_8216_thumbs_down_sign_8217_8216_flushed_face_8217_and_8216_chocolate_bar_8217_emojis_/1620690", "title"=>"Sentiment bars of the ‘thumbs down sign’, ‘flushed face’, and ‘chocolate bar’ emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445644"], "description"=>"<p>Correlations are between the occurrences of emojis in the Emoji Sentiment Ranking and Emojitracker, for two minimum occurrence thresholds. The numbers in parenthesis are the emojis that are common in both sets. The correlation values, significant at the 1% level, are indicated by *.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620691, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overlap_with_Emojitracker_/1620691", "title"=>"Overlap with Emojitracker.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445650"], "description"=>"<p>For each set, the mean, sd and sem are computed from the distribution of negative, neutral, and positive tweets.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620692, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sentiment_of_tweets_with_and_without_emojis_/1620692", "title"=>"Sentiment of tweets with and without emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445653"], "description"=>"<p>The agreement is computed in terms of three measures over a subset of tweets that were labeled by two different annotators.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620693, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Inter_annotator_agreement_on_tweets_with_and_without_emojis_/1620693", "title"=>"Inter-annotator agreement on tweets with and without emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445656"], "description"=>"<p>The emojis (<i>r</i>) ranked by occurrence <i>N</i>(<i>r</i>) are partitioned into two halves with approximately the same cumulative number of occurrences.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620694, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_the_more_frequent_with_the_less_frequent_emojis_/1620694", "title"=>"Comparison of the more-frequent with the less-frequent emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445659"], "description"=>"<p>The languages are ordered by the number of different emojis used. Correlations are between the sentiment scores of emojis in the 13 languages and the Emoji Sentiment Ranking. The correlation values, significant at the 1% level, are indicated by *.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620695, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Emoji_sentiment_in_different_languages_/1620695", "title"=>"Emoji sentiment in different languages.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445662"], "description"=>"<p>Languages are in alphabetical order, Ser/Cro/Bos denotes a union of tweets in Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620696, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Tweets_annotated_for_sentiment_in_different_languages_/1620696", "title"=>"Tweets annotated for sentiment in different languages.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445668"], "description"=>"<p>A table entry is the number of emojis in (∈), or missing (∉) from a data source. <i>N</i>(<i>Single</i>, <i>Double</i>) denotes the total number <i>N</i> of emoji symbols, partitioned into the <i>Single</i>- and <i>Double</i>-character symbols, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620697, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overlaps_and_differences_for_emojis_from_the_three_data_sources_/1620697", "title"=>"Overlaps and differences for emojis from the three data sources.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445671"], "description"=>"<p>Coincidence matrix for tweets with emojis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620698, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coincidence_matrix_for_tweets_with_emojis_/1620698", "title"=>"Coincidence matrix for tweets with emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445674"], "description"=>"<p>Coincidence matrix for tweets without emojis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>1620699, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t010"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Coincidence_matrix_for_tweets_without_emojis_/1620699", "title"=>"Coincidence matrix for tweets without emojis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4445665"], "description"=>"<p><b>[So]</b> is an abbreviation for the Unicode category ‘Symbol, Other’.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["sentiment analysis", "tweet", "Emoji Sentiment Ranking", "emoji sentiment lexicon", "sentiment polarity increases"], "article_id"=>2754097, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Petra Kralj Novak", "Jasmina Smailović", "Borut Sluban", "Igor Mozetič"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144296.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Types_and_numbers_of_emoji_symbols_/2754097", "title"=>"Types and numbers of emoji symbols.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-12-07 16:57:42"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"63", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"70", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"55", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"74", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"94", "full-text"=>"142", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"89", "full-text"=>"122", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"24", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"73", "full-text"=>"82", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"23", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"58", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"85", "full-text"=>"102", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"24", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"103", "full-text"=>"122", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"26", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"104", "full-text"=>"129", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"21", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"119", "full-text"=>"148", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"27", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"69", "full-text"=>"79", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"114", "full-text"=>"127", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"38", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"94", "full-text"=>"120", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"154", "full-text"=>"172", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"25", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"125", "full-text"=>"144", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"22", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"94", "full-text"=>"114", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"64", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"77", "full-text"=>"86", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"22", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"105", "full-text"=>"134", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"101", "full-text"=>"116", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"29", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"93", "full-text"=>"111", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"36", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"131", "full-text"=>"142", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"57", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"108", "full-text"=>"118", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"37", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"134", "full-text"=>"154", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"39", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"225", "full-text"=>"227", "pdf"=>"48", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"68", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"128", "full-text"=>"144", "pdf"=>"23", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"154", "full-text"=>"167", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"199", "full-text"=>"232", "pdf"=>"28", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"123", "full-text"=>"138", "pdf"=>"25", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"107", "full-text"=>"110", "pdf"=>"19", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"95", "full-text"=>"103", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"71", "full-text"=>"71", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"94", "full-text"=>"107", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"120", "full-text"=>"136", "pdf"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"100", "full-text"=>"97", "pdf"=>"25", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"172", "full-text"=>"172", "pdf"=>"40", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"197", "full-text"=>"241", "pdf"=>"37", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"231", "full-text"=>"273", "pdf"=>"43", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"224", "full-text"=>"262", "pdf"=>"34", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"214", "full-text"=>"252", "pdf"=>"16", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"168", "full-text"=>"208", "pdf"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"13", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"214", "full-text"=>"217", "pdf"=>"27", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"125", "full-text"=>"125", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"143", "full-text"=>"152", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"685", "full-text"=>"829", "pdf"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"163", "full-text"=>"158", "pdf"=>"19", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"142", "full-text"=>"121", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"186", "full-text"=>"177", "pdf"=>"30", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"261", "full-text"=>"320", "pdf"=>"31", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"218", "full-text"=>"231", "pdf"=>"32", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"238", "full-text"=>"234", "pdf"=>"34", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"258", "full-text"=>"271", "pdf"=>"34", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"294", "full-text"=>"361", "pdf"=>"36", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"235", "full-text"=>"281", "pdf"=>"26", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"187", "full-text"=>"219", "pdf"=>"26", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"1"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts