Ecological Assessment of Two Species of Potamonautid Freshwater Crabs from the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe, with Implications for Their Conservation
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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2626150"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution map of <i>Potamonautes mutareensis</i> and <i>Potamonautes unispinus</i> in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe, showing locations of major town.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["IUCN Red List assessment", "unispinu", "crab species Potamonautes mutareensis", "crab conservation action plan", "Potamonautid Freshwater Crabs", "region", "Eastern Highlands", "conservation status", "IUCN Red List criteria"], "article_id"=>1636613, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Tatenda Dalu", "Mwazvita T. B. Sachikonye", "Mhairi E. Alexander", "Timothy Dube", "William P. Froneman", "Kwanele I. Manungo", "Onias Bepe", "Ryan J. Wasserman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145923.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_map_of_Potamonautes_mutareensis_and_Potamonautes_unispinus_in_the_Eastern_Highlands_of_Zimbabwe_showing_locations_of_major_town_/1636613", "title"=>"Distribution map of <i>Potamonautes mutareensis</i> and <i>Potamonautes unispinus</i> in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe, showing locations of major town.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:28:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2626151"], "description"=>"<p>Note the transferal of rocks and gravel from the stream bed on to the margins where it is worked for gold. This activity results in loss of habitat and alters downstream water quality.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["IUCN Red List assessment", "unispinu", "crab species Potamonautes mutareensis", "crab conservation action plan", "Potamonautid Freshwater Crabs", "region", "Eastern Highlands", "conservation status", "IUCN Red List criteria"], "article_id"=>1636614, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Tatenda Dalu", "Mwazvita T. B. Sachikonye", "Mhairi E. Alexander", "Timothy Dube", "William P. Froneman", "Kwanele I. Manungo", "Onias Bepe", "Ryan J. Wasserman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145923.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Impact_of_gold_panning_on_aquatic_ecosystem_habitats_along_Bindu_River_Chimanimani_/1636614", "title"=>"Impact of gold panning on aquatic ecosystem habitats along Bindu River, Chimanimani.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:28:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2626152"], "description"=>"<p>Anthropogenic impact effects on freshwater crab habitats observed in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["IUCN Red List assessment", "unispinu", "crab species Potamonautes mutareensis", "crab conservation action plan", "Potamonautid Freshwater Crabs", "region", "Eastern Highlands", "conservation status", "IUCN Red List criteria"], "article_id"=>1636615, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Tatenda Dalu", "Mwazvita T. B. Sachikonye", "Mhairi E. Alexander", "Timothy Dube", "William P. Froneman", "Kwanele I. Manungo", "Onias Bepe", "Ryan J. Wasserman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145923.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Anthropogenic_impact_effects_on_freshwater_crab_habitats_observed_in_the_Eastern_Highlands_of_Zimbabwe_/1636615", "title"=>"Anthropogenic impact effects on freshwater crab habitats observed in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:28:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2626154"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviations: Nat. Parks—National Parks; Rehab. Areas—Rehabilitated areas (i.e. tea estates); Other sites—sites outside national parks and rehabilitated areas.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["IUCN Red List assessment", "unispinu", "crab species Potamonautes mutareensis", "crab conservation action plan", "Potamonautid Freshwater Crabs", "region", "Eastern Highlands", "conservation status", "IUCN Red List criteria"], "article_id"=>1636617, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Tatenda Dalu", "Mwazvita T. B. Sachikonye", "Mhairi E. Alexander", "Timothy Dube", "William P. Froneman", "Kwanele I. Manungo", "Onias Bepe", "Ryan J. Wasserman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145923.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Differences_in_crab_abundances_in_the_three_land_types_of_the_Eastern_Highlands_Zimbabwe_/1636617", "title"=>"Differences in crab abundances in the three land types of the Eastern Highlands, Zimbabwe.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:28:43"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2626155", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2626156", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2626157"], "description"=>"<div><p>The spatial ecology of freshwater crabs and their conservation status is largely understudied in Africa. An ecological assessment was conducted at 104 localities in 51 rivers and/or streams in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe whereby the distribution and abundances of freshwater crab species were mapped and the possible drivers of the observed trends in population structure explored. In addition, information on crab utilisation as a food resource by local communities was assessed via face to face interviews across the region. Finally, the conservation status of each species was assessed using the IUCN Red List criteria. Only two crab species <i>Potamonautes mutareensis</i> and <i>Potamonautes unispinus</i> were recorded within the region of study. <i>Potamonautes mutareensis</i> was largely restricted to less impacted environments in the high mountainous river system, whereas <i>P</i>. <i>unispinus</i> was found in low laying areas. In stretches of river where both species were found to co-occur, the species were never sampled from the same site, with <i>P</i>. <i>mutareensis</i> occurring in shallower, faster flowing environments and <i>P</i>. <i>unispinus</i> in deeper, slow flowing sites. Interview results revealed that the local communities, particularly in the southern part of the Eastern Highlands around the Chipinge area, had a considerable level of utilisation (55% of households) on the harvesting of crabs for household consumption during the non-agricultural season (May to September). Results from the IUCN Red List assessment indicate that both species should be considered as “Least Concern”. Threats to freshwater crabs in the Eastern Highlands, however, include widespread anthropogenic impacts such as habitat destruction associated with gold and diamond mining, inorganic and organic pollution and possibly exploitation for human consumption. The current study provides important information and insight towards the possible development of a freshwater crab conservation action plan within the region.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["IUCN Red List assessment", "unispinu", "crab species Potamonautes mutareensis", "crab conservation action plan", "Potamonautid Freshwater Crabs", "region", "Eastern Highlands", "conservation status", "IUCN Red List criteria"], "article_id"=>1636618, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Tatenda Dalu", "Mwazvita T. B. Sachikonye", "Mhairi E. Alexander", "Timothy Dube", "William P. Froneman", "Kwanele I. Manungo", "Onias Bepe", "Ryan J. Wasserman"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145923.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145923.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145923.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ecological_Assessment_of_Two_Species_of_Potamonautid_Freshwater_Crabs_from_the_Eastern_Highlands_of_Zimbabwe_with_Implications_for_Their_Conservation_/1636618", "title"=>"Ecological Assessment of Two Species of Potamonautid Freshwater Crabs from the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe, with Implications for Their Conservation", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:28:44"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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