Facilitative Effect of a Generalist Herbivore on the Recovery of a Perennial Alga: Consequences for Persistence at the Edge of Their Geographic Range
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{"title"=>"Facilitative effect of a generalist herbivore on the recovery of a perennial alga: Consequences for persistence at the edge of their geographic range", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Moisés A.", "last_name"=>"Aguilera", "scopus_author_id"=>"18036744100"}, {"first_name"=>"Nelson", "last_name"=>"Valdivia", "scopus_author_id"=>"8899247800"}, {"first_name"=>"Bernardo R.", "last_name"=>"Broitman", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508052011"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"26716986", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0146069", "sgr"=>"84956931436", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84956931436", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"608056661"}, "id"=>"4e53e1dc-a100-3b20-80f3-d4bd77f22895", "abstract"=>"Understanding the impacts of consumers on the abundance, growth rate, recovery and persistence of their resources across their distributional range can shed light on the role of trophic interactions in determining species range shifts. Here, we examined if consumptive effects of the intertidal grazer Scurria viridula positively influences the abundance and recovery from disturbances of the alga Mazzaella laminarioides at the edge of its geographic distributions in northern-central Chilean rocky shores. Through field experiments conducted at a site in the region where M. laminarioides overlaps with the polar range edge of S. viridula, we estimated the effects of grazing on different life stages of M. laminarioides. We also used long-term abundance surveys conducted across ~700 km of the shore to evaluate co-occurrence patterns of the study species across their range overlap. We found that S. viridula had positive net effects on M. laminarioides by increasing its cover and re-growth from perennial basal crusts. Probability of occurrence of M. laminarioides increased significantly with increasing density of S. viridula across the range overlap. The negative effect of S. viridula on the percentage cover of opportunistic green algae-shown to compete for space with corticated algae-suggests that competitive release may be part of the mechanism driving the positive effect of the limpet on the abundance and recovery from disturbance of M. laminarioides. We suggest that grazer populations contribute to enhance the abundance of M. laminarioides, facilitating its recolonization and persistence at its distributional range edge. Our study highlights that indirect facilitation can determine the recovery and persistence of a resource at the limit of its distribution, and may well contribute to the ecological mechanisms governing species distributions and range shifts.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/facilitative-effect-generalist-herbivore-recovery-perennial-alga-consequences-persistence-edge-geogr", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"China"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2617143"], "description"=>"<p>(a) Mean (± SEM) fronds length (cm) of plants trimmed at the start of the experiment and (b) average number of fronds (± SEM) regrown from basal non-calcareous crusts created inside experimental plots.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["species range shifts", "range overlap", "alga Mazzaella laminarioides", "intertidal grazer Scurria viridula", "distributional range edge", "abundance", "recovery", "persistence"], "article_id"=>1630512, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Moisés A. Aguilera", "Nelson Valdivia", "Bernardo R. Broitman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146069.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Performance_of_the_corticated_alga_Mazzaella_laminarioides_in_the_presence_and_complete_absence_of_Scurria_viridula_inside_experimental_plots_/1630512", "title"=>"Performance of the corticated alga <i>Mazzaella laminarioides</i> in the presence and complete absence of <i>Scurria viridula</i> inside experimental plots.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-05 14:54:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2617145"], "description"=>"<p>Bars are 95% confidence intervals estimated through a bootstrapping procedure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["species range shifts", "range overlap", "alga Mazzaella laminarioides", "intertidal grazer Scurria viridula", "distributional range edge", "abundance", "recovery", "persistence"], "article_id"=>1630514, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Moisés A. Aguilera", "Nelson Valdivia", "Bernardo R. Broitman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146069.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Strength_and_direction_of_the_interaction_between_the_grazer_S_viridula_and_the_alga_M_laminarioides_measured_as_the_grazer_capacity_to_influence_the_recruitment_of_algae_and_bare_rock_production_during_early_succession_and_the_recovery_M_laminarioides_f/1630514", "title"=>"Strength and direction of the interaction between the grazer <i>S</i>. <i>viridula</i> and the alga <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i>, measured as the grazer capacity to influence the recruitment of algae and bare rock production during early succession, and the recovery <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i> fronds (i.e. Average per capita (a) and population effects (b)).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-05 14:54:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2617131"], "description"=>"<p>Note that the herbivore and the alga species coexist only at sites 9, 10, 11 and 12 which correspond to the complete range of the northern clade of <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i> [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0146069#pone.0146069.ref037\" target=\"_blank\">37</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["species range shifts", "range overlap", "alga Mazzaella laminarioides", "intertidal grazer Scurria viridula", "distributional range edge", "abundance", "recovery", "persistence"], "article_id"=>1630500, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Moisés A. Aguilera", "Nelson Valdivia", "Bernardo R. Broitman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146069.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_the_northern_central_coast_of_Chile_showing_a_spatial_variation_in_sea_surface_temperature_SST_for_the_0_25_0_5_and_0_75_quantiles_of_the_SST_distributions_recorded_at_each_site_for_the_2009_8211_2011_period_b_location_of_study_sites_and_c_percent/1630500", "title"=>"Map of the northern-central coast of Chile showing (a) spatial variation in sea surface temperature (SST) for the 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75 quantiles of the SST distributions recorded at each site for the 2009–2011 period, (b) location of study sites, and (c) percentage of plots where each of the four focal species was recorded at each site. The arrow in panel (b) indicates where manipulative experiments were conducted (site 10, Punta de Talca) and the open diamond indicates the location of a site (Talcaruca) where we only recorded SST.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-05 14:54:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2617133"], "description"=>"<p>Predicted probability (± 95% CI) of occurrence of the corticated algae <i>Mazzaella laminarioides</i> determined by density of the grazer <i>Scurria viridula</i> found at four sites located within the range overlap estimated through logistic regressions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["species range shifts", "range overlap", "alga Mazzaella laminarioides", "intertidal grazer Scurria viridula", "distributional range edge", "abundance", "recovery", "persistence"], "article_id"=>1630502, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Moisés A. Aguilera", "Nelson Valdivia", "Bernardo R. Broitman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146069.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Predicted_probability_95_CI_of_occurrence_of_the_corticated_algae_Mazzaella_laminarioides_determined_by_density_of_the_grazer_Scurria_viridula_found_at_four_sites_located_within_the_range_overlap_estimated_through_logistic_regressions_/1630502", "title"=>"Predicted probability (± 95% CI) of occurrence of the corticated algae <i>Mazzaella laminarioides</i> determined by density of the grazer <i>Scurria viridula</i> found at four sites located within the range overlap estimated through logistic regressions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-05 14:54:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2617147"], "description"=>"<div><p>Understanding the impacts of consumers on the abundance, growth rate, recovery and persistence of their resources across their distributional range can shed light on the role of trophic interactions in determining species range shifts. Here, we examined if consumptive effects of the intertidal grazer <i>Scurria viridula</i> positively influences the abundance and recovery from disturbances of the alga <i>Mazzaella laminarioides</i> at the edge of its geographic distributions in northern-central Chilean rocky shores. Through field experiments conducted at a site in the region where <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i> overlaps with the polar range edge of <i>S</i>. <i>viridula</i>, we estimated the effects of grazing on different life stages of <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i>. We also used long-term abundance surveys conducted across ~700 km of the shore to evaluate co-occurrence patterns of the study species across their range overlap. We found that <i>S</i>. <i>viridula</i> had positive net effects on <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i> by increasing its cover and re-growth from perennial basal crusts. Probability of occurrence of <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i> increased significantly with increasing density of <i>S</i>. <i>viridula</i> across the range overlap. The negative effect of <i>S</i>. <i>viridula</i> on the percentage cover of opportunistic green algae—shown to compete for space with corticated algae—suggests that competitive release may be part of the mechanism driving the positive effect of the limpet on the abundance and recovery from disturbance of <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i>. We suggest that grazer populations contribute to enhance the abundance of <i>M</i>. <i>laminarioides</i>, facilitating its recolonization and persistence at its distributional range edge. Our study highlights that indirect facilitation can determine the recovery and persistence of a resource at the limit of its distribution, and may well contribute to the ecological mechanisms governing species distributions and range shifts.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["species range shifts", "range overlap", "alga Mazzaella laminarioides", "intertidal grazer Scurria viridula", "distributional range edge", "abundance", "recovery", "persistence"], "article_id"=>1630516, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Moisés A. Aguilera", "Nelson Valdivia", "Bernardo R. Broitman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146069", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Facilitative_Effect_of_a_Generalist_Herbivore_on_the_Recovery_of_a_Perennial_Alga_Consequences_for_Persistence_at_the_Edge_of_Their_Geographic_Range_/1630516", "title"=>"Facilitative Effect of a Generalist Herbivore on the Recovery of a Perennial Alga: Consequences for Persistence at the Edge of Their Geographic Range", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-01-05 14:54:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2617136"], "description"=>"<p>Average abundance (±SE) of (a) the grazer <i>Scurria viridula</i> and (b) the corticated alga <i>Mazzaella laminarioides</i> recorded in the experimental platforms at Punta Talca, located at the core of the range overlap of the two species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["species range shifts", "range overlap", "alga Mazzaella laminarioides", "intertidal grazer Scurria viridula", "distributional range edge", "abundance", "recovery", "persistence"], "article_id"=>1630505, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Moisés A. Aguilera", "Nelson Valdivia", "Bernardo R. Broitman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146069.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Average_abundance_SE_of_a_the_grazer_Scurria_viridula_and_b_the_corticated_alga_Mazzaella_laminarioides_recorded_in_the_experimental_platforms_at_Punta_Talca_located_at_the_core_of_the_range_overlap_of_the_two_species_/1630505", "title"=>"Average abundance (±SE) of (a) the grazer <i>Scurria viridula</i> and (b) the corticated alga <i>Mazzaella laminarioides</i> recorded in the experimental platforms at Punta Talca, located at the core of the range overlap of the two species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-05 14:54:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2617139"], "description"=>"<p>Average percentage cover (± SE) of (a) bare substrate, (b) green opportunistic ulvoid algae and (c) the corticated alga <i>Mazzaella laminarioides</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["species range shifts", "range overlap", "alga Mazzaella laminarioides", "intertidal grazer Scurria viridula", "distributional range edge", "abundance", "recovery", "persistence"], "article_id"=>1630508, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Moisés A. Aguilera", "Nelson Valdivia", "Bernardo R. Broitman"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146069.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Main_ecological_changes_recorded_inside_experimental_plots_in_the_field_experiments_corresponding_to_enclosure_of_the_grazers_Scurria_viridula_exclusion_of_all_grazers_and_open_areas_control_/1630508", "title"=>"Main ecological changes recorded inside experimental plots in the field experiments, corresponding to enclosure of the grazers <i>Scurria viridula</i>, exclusion of all grazers and ‘open areas’ (control).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-05 14:54:08"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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