Urban Scaling of Cities in the Netherlands
Publication Date
January 11, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Anthony F. J. Van Raan, Gerwin Van Der Meulen & Willem Goedhart
Volume
11
Issue
1
Pages
e0146775
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0146775
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26751785
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4708983
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26751785
Web of Science
000367888100150
Scopus
84954493830
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/urban-scaling-cities-netherlands
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625249"], "description"=>"<p>Laplace distribution of the residuals for the gross urban product (Set 1) compared with their frequency distribution (normalized to the same scale).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["municipality", "agglomeration", "Population size", "Netherlands Central Bureau"], "article_id"=>1636000, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Anthony F. J. van Raan", "Gerwin van der Meulen", "Willem Goedhart"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Laplace_distribution_of_the_residuals_for_the_gross_urban_product_Set_1_compared_with_their_frequency_distribution_normalized_to_the_same_scale_/1636000", "title"=>"Laplace distribution of the residuals for the gross urban product (Set 1) compared with their frequency distribution (normalized to the same scale).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:27:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625251"], "description"=>"<p>Confidence intervals for the expected gross urban product (GUP, in million Euros) for the central cities, their urban agglomerations and their urban areas.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["municipality", "agglomeration", "Population size", "Netherlands Central Bureau"], "article_id"=>1636002, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Anthony F. J. van Raan", "Gerwin van der Meulen", "Willem Goedhart"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Confidence_intervals_for_the_expected_gross_urban_product_GUP_in_million_Euros_for_the_central_cities_their_urban_agglomerations_and_their_urban_areas_/1636002", "title"=>"Confidence intervals for the expected gross urban product (GUP, in million Euros) for the central cities, their urban agglomerations and their urban areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:27:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625254", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625255", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625256", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625257"], "description"=>"<div><p>We investigated the socioeconomic scaling behavior of all cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants in the Netherlands and found significant superlinear scaling of the gross urban product with population size. Of these cities, 22 major cities have urban agglomerations and urban areas defined by the Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics. For these major cities we investigated the superlinear scaling for three separate modalities: the cities defined as municipalities, their urban agglomerations and their urban areas. We find superlinearity with power-law exponents of around 1.15. But remarkably, both types of agglomerations underperform if we compare for the same size of population an agglomeration with a city as a municipality. In other words, an urban system as one formal municipality performs better as compared to an urban agglomeration with the same population size. This effect is larger for the second type of agglomerations, the urban areas. We think this finding has important implications for urban policy, in particular municipal reorganizations. A residual analysis suggests that cities with a municipal reorganization recently and in the past decades have a higher probability to perform better than cities without municipal restructuring.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["municipality", "agglomeration", "Population size", "Netherlands Central Bureau"], "article_id"=>1636005, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Anthony F. J. van Raan", "Gerwin van der Meulen", "Willem Goedhart"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Urban_Scaling_of_Cities_in_the_Netherlands_/1636005", "title"=>"Urban Scaling of Cities in the Netherlands", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:27:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625236"], "description"=>"<p>Scaling of the gross urban product (GUP, in million Euros) with population for all Dutch cities above 50,000 inhabitants (Set 1).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["municipality", "agglomeration", "Population size", "Netherlands Central Bureau"], "article_id"=>1635988, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Anthony F. J. van Raan", "Gerwin van der Meulen", "Willem Goedhart"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scaling_of_the_gross_urban_product_GUP_in_million_Euros_with_population_for_all_Dutch_cities_above_50_000_inhabitants_Set_1_/1635988", "title"=>"Scaling of the gross urban product (GUP, in million Euros) with population for all Dutch cities above 50,000 inhabitants (Set 1).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:27:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625238"], "description"=>"<p>Green triangles: central cities as municipalities; blue diamonds: urban agglomerations; red squares: urban areas.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["municipality", "agglomeration", "Population size", "Netherlands Central Bureau"], "article_id"=>1635989, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Anthony F. J. van Raan", "Gerwin van der Meulen", "Willem Goedhart"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scaling_of_the_gross_urban_product_GUP_in_million_Euros_with_population_for_all_the_22_larger_central_cities_Set_2_/1635989", "title"=>"Scaling of the gross urban product (GUP, in million Euros) with population for all the 22 larger central cities (Set 2).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:27:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625239"], "description"=>"<p>Ranking of the residuals for the gross urban product (Set 1).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["municipality", "agglomeration", "Population size", "Netherlands Central Bureau"], "article_id"=>1635990, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Anthony F. J. van Raan", "Gerwin van der Meulen", "Willem Goedhart"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ranking_of_the_residuals_for_the_gross_urban_product_Set_1_/1635990", "title"=>"Ranking of the residuals for the gross urban product (Set 1).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:41:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625243"], "description"=>"<p>Cities that are suburbs of larger cities are marked blue, cities with a municipal reorganization after 1974 (i.e., fusion of the central city with adjacent smaller cities) are marked red. In some cases suburban cities had a municipal reorganization without fusion with the central city, these are marked red and blue.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["municipality", "agglomeration", "Population size", "Netherlands Central Bureau"], "article_id"=>1635994, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Anthony F. J. van Raan", "Gerwin van der Meulen", "Willem Goedhart"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ranking_of_the_positive_residuals_for_the_gross_urban_product_with_the_names_of_the_cities_/1635994", "title"=>"Ranking of the positive residuals for the gross urban product with the names of the cities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:27:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2625247"], "description"=>"<p>Cities that are suburbs of larger cities are marked blue, cities with a municipal reorganization after 1974 (i.e., fusion of the central city with adjacent smaller cities) are marked red.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["municipality", "agglomeration", "Population size", "Netherlands Central Bureau"], "article_id"=>1635998, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Anthony F. J. van Raan", "Gerwin van der Meulen", "Willem Goedhart"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146775.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ranking_of_the_negative_residuals_for_the_gross_urban_product_with_the_names_of_the_cities_/1635998", "title"=>"Ranking of the negative residuals for the gross urban product with the names of the cities.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-01-18 15:27:58"}
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PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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