Occurrence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Bacterial Markers in a Tropical River Receiving Hospital and Urban Wastewaters
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{"title"=>"Occurrence of antibiotic resistance genes and bacterial markers in a tropical river receiving hospital and urban wastewaters", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Naresh", "last_name"=>"Devarajan", "scopus_author_id"=>"55566625300"}, {"first_name"=>"Amandine", "last_name"=>"Laffite", "scopus_author_id"=>"56606197200"}, {"first_name"=>"Crispin Kyela", "last_name"=>"Mulaji", "scopus_author_id"=>"56786211300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Paul", "last_name"=>"Otamonga", "scopus_author_id"=>"56979268400"}, {"first_name"=>"Pius Tshimankinda", "last_name"=>"Mpiana", "scopus_author_id"=>"14322060700"}, {"first_name"=>"Josué Ilunga", "last_name"=>"Mubedi", "scopus_author_id"=>"55889769300"}, {"first_name"=>"Kandasamy", "last_name"=>"Prabakar", "scopus_author_id"=>"57152532900"}, {"first_name"=>"Bastiaan Willem", "last_name"=>"Ibelings", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701894755"}, {"first_name"=>"John", "last_name"=>"Poté", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603865981"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"611090486", "pmid"=>"26910062", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0149211", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84977546288", "sgr"=>"84977546288"}, "id"=>"5a3309b0-d432-3356-99a3-f5f6b5194fac", "abstract"=>"The occurrence of emerging biological contaminants including antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and Faecal Indicator Bacteria (FIB) is still little investigated in developing countries under tropical conditions. In this study, the total bacterial load, the abundance of FIB (E. coli and Enterococcus spp. (ENT)), Pseudomonas spp. and ARGs (blaTEM, blaCTX-M, blaSHV, blaNDM and aadA) were quantified using quantitative PCR in the total DNA extracted from the sediments recovered from hospital outlet pipes (HOP) and the Cauvery River Basin (CRB), Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. The abundance of bacterial marker genes were 120, 104 and 89 fold higher for the E. coli, Enterococcus spp. and Pseudomonas spp., respectively at HOP when compared with CRB. The ARGs aadA and blaTEM were most frequently detected in higher concentration than other ARGs at all the sampling sites. The ARGs blaSHV and blaNDM were identified in CRB sediments contaminated by hospital and urban wastewaters. The ARGs abundance strongly correlated (r \u0001 0.36, p < 0.05, n = 45) with total bacterial load and E. coli in the sediments, indicating a common origin and extant source of contamination. Tropical aquatic ecosystems receiving wastewaters can act as reservoir of ARGs, which could potentially be transferred to susceptible bacterial pathogens at these sites.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/occurrence-antibiotic-resistance-genes-bacterial-markers-tropical-river-receiving-hospital-urban-was", "reader_count"=>62, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>12, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Engineering"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>18, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2, "Chemical Engineering"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>4}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>8}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>18}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>2}, "Chemical Engineering"=>{"Chemical Engineering"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"China"=>1, "Poland"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "Malaysia"=>1, "Estonia"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4730986"], "description"=>"<p>The box plot represents the first and third quartile, the blue dots on maximum/minimum values and the red cross indicate mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coli", "abundance", "FIB", "sediment", "PCR", "Faecal Indicator Bacteria", "Antibiotic Resistance Genes", "Cauvery River Basin", "ENT", "Enterococcus spp", "DNA", "hospital outlet pipes", "CRB", "antibiotic resistance genes", "HOP", "ARG"], "article_id"=>3028459, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Virology"], "users"=>["Naresh Devarajan", "Amandine Laffite", "Crispin Kyela Mulaji", "Jean-Paul Otamonga", "Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana", "Josué Ilunga Mubedi", "Kandasamy Prabakar", "Bastiaan Willem Ibelings", "John Poté"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149211.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Gene_copy_numbers_of_antibiotic_resistance_genes_i_bla_i_sub_TEM_sub_i_bla_i_sub_CTX_M_sub_i_bla_i_sub_SHV_sub_i_bla_i_sub_NDM_sub_and_i_aadA_i_normalized_to_16S_rRNA_gene_copy_numbers_in_sediment_samples_collected_for_4_months_June_to_September_at_select/3028459", "title"=>"Gene copy numbers of antibiotic resistance genes (<i>bla</i><sub>TEM</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>CTX‑M</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>SHV</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>NDM</sub> and <i>aadA</i>,) normalized to 16S rRNA gene copy numbers in sediment samples collected for 4 months (June to September) at selected HOP.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-02-24 09:19:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4730602"], "description"=>"<p>Values (log transformed) are expressed for the copy number per gram of sediment dry weight normalized to the DNA extraction yield. The box plot represents the first and third quartile, the blue dots on maximum/minimum values and the red cross indicate mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coli", "abundance", "FIB", "sediment", "PCR", "Faecal Indicator Bacteria", "Antibiotic Resistance Genes", "Cauvery River Basin", "ENT", "Enterococcus spp", "DNA", "hospital outlet pipes", "CRB", "antibiotic resistance genes", "HOP", "ARG"], "article_id"=>3028165, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Virology"], "users"=>["Naresh Devarajan", "Amandine Laffite", "Crispin Kyela Mulaji", "Jean-Paul Otamonga", "Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana", "Josué Ilunga Mubedi", "Kandasamy Prabakar", "Bastiaan Willem Ibelings", "John Poté"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149211.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/qPCR_quantification_of_16S_rRNA_gene_in_the_surface_sediment_samples_of_CRB_A_and_HOP_B_/3028165", "title"=>"qPCR quantification of 16S rRNA gene in the surface sediment samples of CRB (A) and HOP (B).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-02-24 09:19:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4730722"], "description"=>"<p>The box plot represents the first and third quartile, the blue dots on maximum/minimum values and the red cross indicate mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coli", "abundance", "FIB", "sediment", "PCR", "Faecal Indicator Bacteria", "Antibiotic Resistance Genes", "Cauvery River Basin", "ENT", "Enterococcus spp", "DNA", "hospital outlet pipes", "CRB", "antibiotic resistance genes", "HOP", "ARG"], "article_id"=>3028246, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Virology"], "users"=>["Naresh Devarajan", "Amandine Laffite", "Crispin Kyela Mulaji", "Jean-Paul Otamonga", "Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana", "Josué Ilunga Mubedi", "Kandasamy Prabakar", "Bastiaan Willem Ibelings", "John Poté"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149211.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Gene_copy_number_of_selected_bacterial_species_i_E_i_i_coli_i_ENT_and_i_Pseudomonas_i_spp_normalized_to_16S_rRNA_gene_copy_numbers_in_sediment_samples_collected_for_4_months_June_to_September_at_selected_HOP_/3028246", "title"=>"Gene copy number of selected bacterial species (<i>E</i>. <i>coli</i>, ENT, and <i>Pseudomonas</i> spp.) normalized to 16S rRNA gene copy numbers in sediment samples collected for 4 months (June to September) at selected HOP.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-02-24 09:19:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4730476"], "description"=>"<div><p>The occurrence of emerging biological contaminants including antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and Faecal Indicator Bacteria (FIB) is still little investigated in developing countries under tropical conditions. In this study, the total bacterial load, the abundance of FIB (<i>E</i>. <i>coli</i> and <i>Enterococcus</i> spp. (ENT)), <i>Pseudomonas</i> spp. and ARGs (<i>bla</i><sub>TEM</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>CTX-M</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>SHV</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>NDM</sub> and <i>aadA</i>) were quantified using quantitative PCR in the total DNA extracted from the sediments recovered from hospital outlet pipes (HOP) and the Cauvery River Basin (CRB), Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. The abundance of bacterial marker genes were 120, 104 and 89 fold higher for the <i>E</i>. <i>coli</i>, <i>Enterococcus</i> spp. and <i>Pseudomonas</i> spp., respectively at HOP when compared with CRB. The ARGs <i>aadA</i> and <i>bla</i><sub>TEM</sub> were most frequently detected in higher concentration than other ARGs at all the sampling sites. The ARGs <i>bla</i><sub>SHV</sub> and <i>bla</i><sub>NDM</sub> were identified in CRB sediments contaminated by hospital and urban wastewaters. The ARGs abundance strongly correlated (r ≥ 0.36, <i>p</i> < 0.05, n = 45) with total bacterial load and <i>E</i>. <i>coli</i> in the sediments, indicating a common origin and extant source of contamination. Tropical aquatic ecosystems receiving wastewaters can act as reservoir of ARGs, which could potentially be transferred to susceptible bacterial pathogens at these sites.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coli", "abundance", "FIB", "sediment", "PCR", "Faecal Indicator Bacteria", "Antibiotic Resistance Genes", "Cauvery River Basin", "ENT", "Enterococcus spp", "DNA", "hospital outlet pipes", "CRB", "antibiotic resistance genes", "HOP", "ARG"], "article_id"=>3028072, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Virology"], "users"=>["Naresh Devarajan", "Amandine Laffite", "Crispin Kyela Mulaji", "Jean-Paul Otamonga", "Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana", "Josué Ilunga Mubedi", "Kandasamy Prabakar", "Bastiaan Willem Ibelings", "John Poté"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149211", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Occurrence_of_Antibiotic_Resistance_Genes_and_Bacterial_Markers_in_a_Tropical_River_Receiving_Hospital_and_Urban_Wastewaters/3028072", "title"=>"Occurrence of Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Bacterial Markers in a Tropical River Receiving Hospital and Urban Wastewaters", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>6, "published_date"=>"2016-02-24 09:19:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4731055"], "description"=>"<p>Agglomerative hierarchical clustering (AHC) computation based on Ward's method (right panel).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coli", "abundance", "FIB", "sediment", "PCR", "Faecal Indicator Bacteria", "Antibiotic Resistance Genes", "Cauvery River Basin", "ENT", "Enterococcus spp", "DNA", "hospital outlet pipes", "CRB", "antibiotic resistance genes", "HOP", "ARG"], "article_id"=>3028522, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Virology"], "users"=>["Naresh Devarajan", "Amandine Laffite", "Crispin Kyela Mulaji", "Jean-Paul Otamonga", "Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana", "Josué Ilunga Mubedi", "Kandasamy Prabakar", "Bastiaan Willem Ibelings", "John Poté"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149211.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Principle_Component_Analysis_PCA_on_correlation_biplot_left_panel_indicating_the_correlations_among_studied_variables_and_biplot_scores_on_axis_1_and_2_are_representing_64_21_/3028522", "title"=>"Principle Component Analysis (PCA), on correlation biplot (left panel) indicating the correlations among studied variables and biplot scores on axis 1 and 2 are representing 64.21%.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-02-24 09:19:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4730902"], "description"=>"<p>Gene copy number of (A) selected bacterial species (<i>E</i>. <i>coli</i>, ENT, and <i>Pseudomonas</i> spp.) and (B) selected antibiotic resistance genes (<i>aadA</i>, <i>bla</i><sub>TEM</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>CTX‑M</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>SHV</sub>, and <i>bla</i><sub>NDM</sub>) normalized to 16S rRNA gene copy numbers in the sediment samples collected in September 2013 from CRB, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["coli", "abundance", "FIB", "sediment", "PCR", "Faecal Indicator Bacteria", "Antibiotic Resistance Genes", "Cauvery River Basin", "ENT", "Enterococcus spp", "DNA", "hospital outlet pipes", "CRB", "antibiotic resistance genes", "HOP", "ARG"], "article_id"=>3028363, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Molecular Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Infectious Diseases", "Virology"], "users"=>["Naresh Devarajan", "Amandine Laffite", "Crispin Kyela Mulaji", "Jean-Paul Otamonga", "Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana", "Josué Ilunga Mubedi", "Kandasamy Prabakar", "Bastiaan Willem Ibelings", "John Poté"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149211.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Gene_copy_number_of_A_selected_bacterial_species_i_E_i_i_coli_i_ENT_and_i_Pseudomonas_i_spp_and_B_selected_antibiotic_resistance_genes_i_aadA_i_i_bla_i_sub_TEM_sub_i_bla_i_sub_CTX_M_sub_i_bla_i_sub_SHV_sub_and_i_bla_i_sub_NDM_sub_normalized_to_16S_rRNA_ge/3028363", "title"=>"Gene copy number of (A) selected bacterial species (<i>E</i>. <i>coli</i>, ENT, and <i>Pseudomonas</i> spp.) and (B) selected antibiotic resistance genes (<i>aadA</i>, <i>bla</i><sub>TEM</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>CTX‑M</sub>, <i>bla</i><sub>SHV</sub>, and <i>bla</i><sub>NDM</sub>) normalized to 16S rRNA gene copy numbers in the sediment samples collected in September 2013 from CRB, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-02-24 09:19:39"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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