Biodiversity and Biogeography of Chthamalid Barnacles from the North-Eastern Pacific (Crustacea Cirripedia)
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{"title"=>"Biodiversity and biogeography of chthamalid barnacles from the north-eastern pacific (Crustacea Cirripedia)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Benny K.K.", "last_name"=>"Chan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201530640"}, {"first_name"=>"H. N.", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"55578800800"}, {"first_name"=>"P. R.", "last_name"=>"Dando", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004791778"}, {"first_name"=>"A. J.", "last_name"=>"Southward", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004039505"}, {"first_name"=>"E. C.", "last_name"=>"Southward", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603784862"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"609034715", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0149556", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84962318706", "sgr"=>"84962318706"}, "id"=>"4499af07-55ed-3c59-899c-6cb1470ec93e", "abstract"=>"The biogeography and ecology of the species of Chthamalus present on the west coast of America are described, using data from 51 localities from Alaska to Panama, together with their zonation on the shore with respect to that of other barnacles. The species present were C. dalli, Pilsbry 1916, C. fissus, Darwin, 1854, C. anisopoma Pilsbry 1916 and four species in the C. panamensis complex. The latter are C. panamensis Pilsbry, 1916, C. hedgecocki, Pitombo \\& Burton, 2007, C. alani nom. nov. (formerly C. southwardorum Pitombo \\& Burton, 2007) and C. newmani sp. nov.). These four species were initially separated by enzyme electrophoresis. They could only be partially separated by DNA bar coding but may be separated using morphological characters.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/biodiversity-biogeography-chthamalid-barnacles-northeastern-pacific-crustacea-cirripedia", "reader_count"=>5, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Other"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830646"], "description"=>"<p>A, B, cirrus I, showing the presence of bidenticulate setae (bi) with or without basal guards (bg), enlarged in B. C, D, cirrus II, showing the presence of bidenticulate setae (bi) with basal guards (bg) on the first few segments (indicated by double end arrows) in D. E, cirrus III. F, cirrus IV. G, cirrus V. H, cirrus VI. Intermediate segments of anterior rami of cirri III-VI are shown as inserts in E-H. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108097, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_alani_i_nom_nov_Matzalan_Mexico_/3108097", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus alani</i> nom. nov. Matzalan, Mexico.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830793"], "description"=>"<p>SEMs. A-C, maxilla. B, C, details of serrulate setae on tips of the two lobes of maxilla. D, E, maxillule, with detail of simple setae (E). F-H, mandible. G, details of the bidenticulate second, third and fourth teeth on the mandible. H-J, Mandible, with detail of pecten (I) and simple setae on outer margin (J). K, Pecten of mandible from additional specimen. L-N, Mandibular palp with details of serrulate setae on tip (M) and on superior margin (N). O, P, Labrum with detail of cutting edge (P). Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108226, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g022", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_panamensis_i_from_Avenida_Amador_Naos_Island_Panama_/3108226", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus panamensis</i> from Avenida Amador, Naos Island, Panama.", "pos_in_sequence"=>23, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830796"], "description"=>"<p>A. Alaska to northern Mexico; B. Gulf of California; C. Details of Panama City region; D. Southern Mexico to Panama. Locations and other details in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556#pone.0149556.t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> and <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556#pone.0149556.s001\" target=\"_blank\">S1 Table</a>, North America outline map courtesy Arizona Geographic Alliance, <a href=\"http://geoalliance.asu.edu\" target=\"_blank\">http://geoalliance.asu.edu</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108229, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g023", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Geographical_distribution_of_species_identifications_in_this_study_/3108229", "title"=>"Geographical distribution of species identifications in this study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>24, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830799"], "description"=>"<p>Nodal supports are denoted on the corresponding branches for a bootstrap value > 50% for ML analysis. Black squares indicate sequence from Wares <i>et al</i>. 2009. White squares indicate sequences from Pitombo and Burton, 2007.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108232, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g024", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Maximum_likelihood_phylogeny_of_mitochondrial_gene_sequences_/3108232", "title"=>"Maximum likelihood phylogeny of mitochondrial gene sequences.", "pos_in_sequence"=>25, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830802"], "description"=>"<p><i>C</i>. <i>dalli</i>, Cape Thompson; B. <i>C</i>. <i>dalli</i>, Dillon Beach, CA; C. <i>C</i>. <i>fissus</i>, Pacific Grove, CA; D. <i>C</i>. <i>fissus</i>, La Jolla, CA; E, F. <i>C</i>. <i>alani</i>, La Paz, Mexico; G. <i>C</i>. <i>newmani</i> Panama City; H. <i>C</i>. <i>newmani</i>, Naos Is., Panama; I. <i>C</i>. <i>hedgecocki</i>, Bahia Chamela, Mexico; J. <i>C</i>. <i>hedgecocki</i>, Pt. Lobos, Mexico; K. <i>C</i>. <i>panamensis</i>, Naos Is., Panama; L. <i>C panamensis</i>, Panama City; M, N. <i>C</i>. <i>anisopoma</i> La Paz, Mexico.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108235, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g025", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Field_photographs_of_whole_barnacles_of_i_Chthamalus_i_species_from_the_Eastern_Pacific_/3108235", "title"=>"Field photographs of whole barnacles of <i>Chthamalus</i> species from the Eastern Pacific.", "pos_in_sequence"=>26, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830658"], "description"=>"<p>Matzalan, Mexico. A, maxilla. B, maxillule. C, magnified view showing the notch region of maxillule. D, mandible. E, fourth tooth, pecten and inferior angle of mandible. F, mandibular palp. G, labrum. H, cutting margin of labrum showing the fine teeth. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108109, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_alani_i_nom_nov_/3108109", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus alani</i> nom. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830805"], "description"=>"<p>Stations where specimens were collected for comparative studies of the species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108238, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Stations_where_specimens_were_collected_for_comparative_studies_of_the_species_/3108238", "title"=>"Stations where specimens were collected for comparative studies of the species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>27, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830808"], "description"=>"<p>Enymes compared in the present study and electrophoresis conditions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108241, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Enymes_compared_in_the_present_study_and_electrophoresis_conditions_/3108241", "title"=>"Enymes compared in the present study and electrophoresis conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>28, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830811"], "description"=>"<p>Source of COI DNA barcode sequences used in mitochondrial DNA analyses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108244, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Source_of_COI_DNA_barcode_sequences_used_in_mitochondrial_DNA_analyses_/3108244", "title"=>"Source of COI DNA barcode sequences used in mitochondrial DNA analyses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>29, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830814"], "description"=>"<p>Segment counts (n = 5 individuals) of <i>Chthamalus</i> in the Tropical Eastern Pacific waters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108247, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Segment_counts_n_5_individuals_of_i_Chthamalus_i_in_the_Tropical_Eastern_Pacific_waters_/3108247", "title"=>"Segment counts (n = 5 individuals) of <i>Chthamalus</i> in the Tropical Eastern Pacific waters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>30, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830670"], "description"=>"<p>A, whole view showing the orifice filled by the left scutum and tergum. B, inner view of scutum and tergum, showing the markedly assymetrical plates, with larger left scutum and tergum. C, outer view of paired scutum and tergum. D, inner view of scutum and tergum, showing a larger right scutum and tergum.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108121, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_anisopoma_i_Point_Lobos_Todos_Santos_Baja_California_Sur_Mexico_/3108121", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus anisopoma</i>, Point Lobos,Todos Santos, Baja California Sur, Mexico.", "pos_in_sequence"=>7, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830817"], "description"=>"<p>Diagnostic enzyme mobility differences between species of <i>Chthamalus</i> in the North-eastern Pacific.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108250, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Diagnostic_enzyme_mobility_differences_between_species_of_i_Chthamalus_i_in_the_North_eastern_Pacific_/3108250", "title"=>"Diagnostic enzyme mobility differences between species of <i>Chthamalus</i> in the North-eastern Pacific.", "pos_in_sequence"=>31, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830820"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of the Mexican species of <i>Chthamalus</i> examined by electrophoresis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108253, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Distribution_of_the_Mexican_species_of_i_Chthamalus_i_examined_by_electrophoresis_/3108253", "title"=>"Distribution of the Mexican species of <i>Chthamalus</i> examined by electrophoresis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>32, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830823"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of species of <i>Chthamalus</i> in Panama by enzyme electrophoresis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108256, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Distribution_of_species_of_i_Chthamalus_i_in_Panama_by_enzyme_electrophoresis_/3108256", "title"=>"Distribution of species of <i>Chthamalus</i> in Panama by enzyme electrophoresis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>33, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830826"], "description"=>"<p>Nei’s genetic distances (above diagonal) and genetic identities (below diagonal, in italics) between Tropical East Pacific <i>Chthamalus</i> species.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108259, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Nei_s_genetic_distances_above_diagonal_and_genetic_identities_below_diagonal_in_italics_between_Tropical_East_Pacific_i_Chthamalus_i_species_/3108259", "title"=>"Nei’s genetic distances (above diagonal) and genetic identities (below diagonal, in italics) between Tropical East Pacific <i>Chthamalus</i> species.", "pos_in_sequence"=>34, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830682"], "description"=>"<p>A, B, cirrus I, showing the presence of bidenticulate setae (bi) without basal guards enlarged in B. C, D. E, cirrus II, showing the presence of bidenticulate setae with basal guards on the first few segments (indicated by double end arrows) in anterior ramus (D) and posterior ramus (E). F, cirrus III. G, cirrus IV. H, cirrus V. Intermediate segment of anterior rami of cirri III-V are shown as inserts in E-H. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108133, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_anisopoma_i_La_Paz_Bay_Baja_California_/3108133", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus anisopoma</i>, La Paz Bay, Baja California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>8, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830829"], "description"=>"<p>Diagnostic morphological comparisons of arthropodal characters of Chthamalus in TPE.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108262, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Diagnostic_morphological_comparisons_of_arthropodal_characters_of_Chthamalus_in_TPE_/3108262", "title"=>"Diagnostic morphological comparisons of arthropodal characters of Chthamalus in TPE.", "pos_in_sequence"=>35, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830832"], "description"=>"<p>Guide to the field identification of adults of species of <i>Chthamalus</i> on the Pacific Coast of North and Central America.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108265, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.t010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Guide_to_the_field_identification_of_adults_of_species_of_i_Chthamalus_i_on_the_Pacific_Coast_of_North_and_Central_America_/3108265", "title"=>"Guide to the field identification of adults of species of <i>Chthamalus</i> on the Pacific Coast of North and Central America.", "pos_in_sequence"=>36, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830691"], "description"=>"<p>A, maxilla. B, maxillule. C, mandible. D, third and fourth teeth, pecten and inferior angle of mandible. E, mandibular palp. F, serrulate setae on superior margin of mandibular palp. G, labrum. H, cutting margin of labrum showing the fine teeth. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108142, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_anisopoma_i_La_Paz_Bay_Baja_California_/3108142", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus anisopoma</i>, La Paz Bay, Baja California.", "pos_in_sequence"=>9, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830703"], "description"=>"<p>A, light microgaph showing paired articulated scutum and tergum. Note the scutum and tergum are articulated transversely. B-F, SEM photographs. B, C, E, F, Inner views of paired scutum, outer and inner view of tergum. D. Inner and outer view of paired scutum and tergum. Note the absence of longitudinal furrow on outer surface of tergum and the slightly asymmetry of paired scutum and tergum.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108157, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_hedgecocki_i_Point_Lobos_Todos_Santos_Baja_California_Sur_Mexico_/3108157", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus hedgecocki</i>, Point Lobos,Todos Santos, Baja California Sur, Mexico.", "pos_in_sequence"=>10, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830712"], "description"=>"<p>A, cirrus I, white arrows show a longitudinal array of setae on outer surface of posterior ramus. B, C, D, Cirrus II, showing the presence of bidenticulate setae with basal guards on the first few segments (indicated by double end arrows) on: C, anterior ramus; D, posterior ramus. E, cirrus III. F, cirrus IV. G, cirrus V. H, Cirrus VI. Intermediate segments of anterior rami of cirri III-VI are shown as inserts in E-H. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108163, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_hedgecocki_i_Point_Lobos_Todos_Santos_Baja_California_Sur_Mexico_/3108163", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus hedgecocki</i>, Point Lobos,Todos Santos, Baja California Sur, Mexico.", "pos_in_sequence"=>11, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830724"], "description"=>"<p>A, maxilla. B, maxillule. C, mandible. D, third and fourth teeth, pecten and inferior angle of mandible. E, mandibular palp. F, serrulate setae on superior margin of mandibular palp. G, labrum. H, cutting margin of labrum showing the fine teeth. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108172, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_hedgecocki_i_Point_Lobos_Todos_Santos_Baja_California_Sur_Mexico_/3108172", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus hedgecocki</i>, Point Lobos,Todos Santos, Baja California Sur, Mexico.", "pos_in_sequence"=>12, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830739"], "description"=>"<p>A, holotype (NHMUK 2016. 9), Panama City, inner view of paired scutum and tergum. B, additional specimens (TEPE78-1), Farfan Point. Inner view and outer view of scutum and outer view of tergum. C, D, paired scutum and tergum from additional specimens (TEPE78-1), Farfan Point. Note the variation in the shape of the scutum and tergum among samples.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108175, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g012", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_newmani_i_sp_nov_SEM_showing_scutum_and_tergum_/3108175", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus newmani</i> sp. nov. SEM showing scutum and tergum.", "pos_in_sequence"=>13, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830745"], "description"=>"<p>A, B, cirrus I, showing the presence of bidenticulate setae (bi) with or without basal guards (bg), enlarged in B, C, D, E. F, cirrus II, showing the presence of bidenticulate setae with basal guards on the first few segments (indicated by double end arrows) of the anterior ramus (D) and the posterior ramus (E) and magnified view of bidenticulate setae with basal guards on the tip of the posterior ramus (F). G, cirrus III. H, intermediate segment of anterior ramus of cirrus III. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108178, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g013", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_newmani_i_sp_nov_Holotype_NHMUK_2016_9_Panama_City_/3108178", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus newmani</i> sp. nov. Holotype (NHMUK 2016. 9), Panama City.", "pos_in_sequence"=>14, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830751"], "description"=>"<p>A, B, cirrus IV. B, enlarged intermediate segment of anterior ramus of cirrus IV. C, D, cirrus V. D, enlarged intermediate segment of anterior ramus of cirrus V. E, F, cirrus VI F, enlarged intermediate segment of anterior ramus of cirrus VI. G, serrulate setae on basipodite of cirrus VI, H, setae on tip of anterior ramus of cirrus VI. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108184, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g014", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_newmani_i_sp_nov_Holotype_NHMUK_2016_9_Panama_City_/3108184", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus newmani</i> sp. nov. Holotype (NHMUK 2016. 9), Panama City.", "pos_in_sequence"=>15, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830760"], "description"=>"<p>SEMs. A–G, cirrus I. B, serrulate setae. C, bidenticulate setae on anterior ramus. D, F, serrulate setae on anterior and posterior rami. G, pappose setae on basipodite. H- Q, cirrus II. Bidenticulate setae with basal guards on anterior (I) and posterior (J) rami. Variation in the structure of bidenticulate setae with basal guards (note the number of basal guards) (K, P). serrulate setae (Q, R, S). Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108193, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g015", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_newmani_i_sp_nov_Paratype_ASIZCR_000341_Panama_City_/3108193", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus newmani</i> sp. nov. Paratype (ASIZCR-000341), Panama City.", "pos_in_sequence"=>16, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830766"], "description"=>"<p>A, maxilla. B, maxillule. C, notch region of maxillule. D, mandible. E, second to fourth teeth, pecten and inferior angle of mandible. F, mandibular palp. G, labrum. H, cutting margin of labrum showing the fine teeth. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108199, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g016", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_newmani_i_sp_nov_Holotype_NHMUK_2016_9_Panama_City_/3108199", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus newmani</i> sp. nov. Holotype (NHMUK 2016. 9), Panama City.", "pos_in_sequence"=>17, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830607", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830610"], "description"=>"<div><p>The biogeography and ecology of the species of Chthamalus present on the west coast of America are described, using data from 51 localities from Alaska to Panama, together with their zonation on the shore with respect to that of other barnacles. The species present were C. dalli, Pilsbry 1916, C. fissus, Darwin, 1854, C. anisopoma Pilsbry 1916 and four species in the C. panamensis complex. The latter are C. panamensis Pilsbry, 1916, C. hedgecocki, Pitombo & Burton, 2007, C. alani nom. nov. (formerly C. southwardorum Pitombo & Burton, 2007) and C. newmani sp. nov.). These four species were initially separated by enzyme electrophoresis. They could only be partially separated by DNA bar coding but may be separated using morphological characters.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108076, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Biodiversity_and_Biogeography_of_Chthamalid_Barnacles_from_the_North_Eastern_Pacific_Crustacea_Cirripedia_/3108076", "title"=>"Biodiversity and Biogeography of Chthamalid Barnacles from the North-Eastern Pacific (Crustacea Cirripedia)", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830772"], "description"=>"<p>SEMs of mouth parts. A, B, C, maxilla, showing the serrulate type setae enlarged in B and C. D, E, maxillule showing simple setae on surface of maxillule, enlarged in (E), F, G, mandible showing pecten (G). I—K, mandible of additional specimen, details of the bidenticulate teeth (K) and pecten (J). L–N, mandibular palp with details of serrulate setae on the superior margin (M, N) and on the palp tip (N). P- Q, labrum, showing teeth on cutting margin enlarged (Q). Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108205, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g017", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_newmani_i_sp_nov_Paratype_ASIZCR_000341_Panama_City_/3108205", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus newmani</i> sp. nov. Paratype (ASIZCR-000341), Panama City.", "pos_in_sequence"=>18, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830778"], "description"=>"<p>A. from Avenida Amador, Naos Island, Panama, Panama, showing the top view of shell and the appearance of the longitudinal furrow (LF) on tergum, through the orifice. B, The intact specimen illustrated in Pilsbry’s Plate 75, fig 2a is selected by the present authors as the Lectotype, showing the longitudinal furrow (LF) on the outer surface of the tergum. C-F, from Avenida Amador, Naos Island, Panama. SEMs of scutum and tergum from 4 specimens. Note the variation in the shape of the tergum among individuals. C, outer view of scutum and tergum, showing horizontal growth lines and longitudinal furrow on tergum (LF). D, scutum and tergum (inner and outer view) showing longitudinal furrow on tergum outer surface. E, F, inner side of scutum and tergum.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108211, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g018", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_panamensis_i_specimens_/3108211", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus panamensis</i> specimens.", "pos_in_sequence"=>19, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830622"], "description"=>"<p>See <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556#pone.0149556.t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a> for detailed site locations and analysis. Middle America outline map courtesy Arizona Geographic Alliance <a href=\"http://geoalliance.asu.edu\" target=\"_blank\">http://geoalliance.asu.edu</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108085, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Sampling_sites_for_specimens_used_in_species_identification_descriptions_and_other_key_locations_mentioned_in_the_text_/3108085", "title"=>"Sampling sites for specimens used in species identification, descriptions and other key locations mentioned in the text.", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830631"], "description"=>"<p>A, mixed populations of <i>C anisopoma</i> (CAN), with white-edged tergoscutal flaps, <i>Balanus inexpectatatus</i> (BI) with white tergoscutal flaps and <i>Chthamalus alani</i> nom. nov. (CA) with orange tergoscutal flaps (from La Paz, Baja California). B, <i>C</i>. <i>alani</i> showing orange tergoscutal flaps (from La Paz). C, <i>C</i>. <i>hedgcocki</i> showing orange tergoscutal flaps (from Point Lobos, Todos Santos, Baja California). D, <i>Chthamalus newmani</i> sp. nov. showing brown tergoscutal flaps (from Farfan Point, Panama). E, F, mixed population of <i>C</i>. <i>panamensis</i> (CP) showing orange tergoscutal flaps and <i>C</i>. <i>newmani</i> (CN) showing brown tergoscutal flaps (E, Balboa Statue. Panama City and F, Naos Island).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108088, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Live_i_Chthamalus_i_species_photographed_underwater_/3108088", "title"=>"Live <i>Chthamalus</i> species photographed underwater.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830784"], "description"=>"<p>Light micrographs. A, B, cirrus I. B, detail showing the absence of a bidenticulate seta on the anterior ramus. C, D, cirrus II. D, showing the bidenticulate setae with basal guards, in the insert, and the presence of bidenticulate setae with basal guards on the first segment of anterior and posterior rami. E, cirrus III: note the difference in lengths of the two rami. F, cirrus IV. G, cirrus V. H, cirrus VI. Intermediate segments of anterior rami of cirri III-VI are shown as inserts in E-H. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108217, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g019", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_panamensis_i_from_Avenida_Amador_Naos_Island_Panama_/3108217", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus panamensis</i> from Avenida Amador, Naos Island, Panama.", "pos_in_sequence"=>20, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830640"], "description"=>"<p>A, B, light stereomicroscopy showing inner side of paired scutum and tergum, La Paz specimen. C, scanning Electron Micrograph (SEM) showing the inner side of scutum and tergum, Mazatlan specimen. D, paired articulated scutum and tergum, a La Paz specimen, showing the oblique articulation of the plates (a).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108091, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_alani_i_nom_nov_/3108091", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus alani</i> nom. nov.", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830787"], "description"=>"<p>SEMs. A-F, cirrus I, with details of serrulate setae in B, C, D, F on rami and pappose setae (E) on basipodite. G–K, cirrus II, showing details of: H, bidenticulate setae with basal guards; I, serrulate setae on first segments of anterior and posterior rami; J, K, pappose setae on basipodite. L, cirrus III (left and right pair), note the difference in length of anterior and posterior rami. M, intermediate segments of posterior ramus of cirrus III. N, intermediate segmenst of anterior ramus of cirrus III. O-P, cirrus IV, with detail of intermediate segment in P. Q-S, cirrus VI, with details of intermediate segments in (S) and (R). Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108220, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g020", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_panamensis_i_from_Avenida_Amador_Naos_Island_Panama_/3108220", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus panamensis</i> from Avenida Amador, Naos Island, Panama.", "pos_in_sequence"=>21, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4830790"], "description"=>"<p>Light Micrographs. A, maxilla. B, maxillule. C. mandible. D, second to fourth teeth, pecten and inferior angle of mandible. E- F, mandibular palp, with details ofserrulate setae on superior margin of mandibular palp (F). G, labrum. H, cutting margin of labrum showing the fine teeth. Scale bars in μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Burton", "51 localities", "anisopoma Pilsbry 1916", "species", "DNA bar coding", "Crustacea Cirripedia", "west coast", "alani nom", "southwardorum Pitombo", "newmani sp", "amp", "nov", "Chthamalid Barnacles", "panamensis Pilsbry", "enzyme electrophoresis"], "article_id"=>3108223, "categories"=>["Biochemistry", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Marine Biology", "Inorganic Chemistry"], "users"=>["Benny K. K. Chan", "H. -N. Chen", "P. R. Dando", "A. J. Southward", "E. C. Southward"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149556.g021", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_i_Chthamalus_panamensis_i_from_Avenida_Amador_Naos_Island_Panama_/3108223", "title"=>"<i>Chthamalus panamensis</i> from Avenida Amador, Naos Island, Panama.", "pos_in_sequence"=>22, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-09 08:37:48"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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