Assessing Fish and Motile Fauna around Offshore Windfarms Using Stereo Baited Video
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{"title"=>"Assessing fish and motile fauna around offshore windfarms using stereo baited video", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ross A.", "last_name"=>"Griffin", "scopus_author_id"=>"57169574800"}, {"first_name"=>"Gary J.", "last_name"=>"Robinson", "scopus_author_id"=>"57169494700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ashley", "last_name"=>"West", "scopus_author_id"=>"57054189600"}, {"first_name"=>"Ian T.", "last_name"=>"Gloyne-Phillips", "scopus_author_id"=>"57170599000"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard K.F.", "last_name"=>"Unsworth", "scopus_author_id"=>"15849622400"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84960927300", "sgr"=>"84960927300", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0149701", "pui"=>"608947577"}, "id"=>"e1ffc7b6-2c5c-3102-b1c7-09b427711bb5", "abstract"=>"There remains limited knowledge of how offshore windfarm developments influence fish assemblages, particularly at a local scale around the turbine structures. Considering the existing levels of anthropogenic pressures on coastal fish populations it is becoming increasingly important for developers and environmental regulators to gain a more compre-hensive understanding of the factors influencing fish assemblages. Improving our ability to assess such fish populations in close proximity to structures will assist in increasing this knowledge. In the present study we provide the first trial use of Baited Remote Underwater Stereo-Video systems (stereo BRUVs) for the quantification of motile fauna in close proxim-ity to offshore wind turbines. The study was conducted in the Irish Sea and finds the tech-nique to be a viable means of assessing the motile fauna of such environments. The present study found a mixture of species including bottom dwellers, motile crustaceans and large predatory fish. The majority of taxa observed were found to be immature individuals with few adult individuals recorded. The most abundant species were the angular crab (Goneplax rhomboides) and the small-spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula). Of note in this study was the generally low abundance and diversity of taxa recorded across all sam-ples, we hypothesise that this reflects the generally poor state of the local fauna of the Irish Sea. The faunal assemblages sampled in close proximity to turbines were observed to alter with increasing distance from the structure, species more characteristic of hard bottom envi-ronments were in abundance at the turbines (e.g. Homarus gammarus, Cancer pagarus, Scyliorhinus spp.) and those further away more characteristic of soft bottoms (e.g. Norwe-gian Lobster). This study highlights the need for the environmental impacts of offshore renewables on motile fauna to be assessed using targeted and appropriate tools. Stereo BRUVs provide one of those tools, but like the majority of methods for sampling marine biota, they have limitations. We conclude our paper by providing a discussion of the benefits and limitations of using this BRUV technique for assessing fauna within areas close to off-shore windfarms.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/assessing-fish-motile-fauna-around-offshore-windfarms-using-stereo-baited-video", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>14, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>25}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>14}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4808059"], "description"=>"<p>Non-metric multidimensional scaling ordination of community <i>N</i><sub><i>max</i></sub> data recorded using stereo BRUV systems at three different distances (adjacent, 100m and 4km) from turbines sampled at the Walney Offshore Windfarm (WOWF) development.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxa", "proximity", "turbine", "BRUV", "technique", "Stereo Baited Video", "sampling marine biota", "individual", "limitation", "Scyliorhinu", "tool", "Irish Sea", "windfarm developments influence fish assemblages", "abundance", "e.g", "motile fauna", "species", "majority", "fish populations"], "article_id"=>3093985, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Ross A. Griffin", "Gary J. Robinson", "Ashley West", "Ian T. Gloyne-Phillips", "Richard K. F. Unsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Non_metric_multidimensional_scaling_ordination_of_community_i_N_i_sub_i_max_i_sub_data_recorded_using_stereo_BRUV_systems_at_three_different_distances_adjacent_100m_and_4km_from_turbines_sampled_at_the_Walney_Offshore_Windfarm_WOWF_development_/3093985", "title"=>"Non-metric multidimensional scaling ordination of community <i>N</i><sub><i>max</i></sub> data recorded using stereo BRUV systems at three different distances (adjacent, 100m and 4km) from turbines sampled at the Walney Offshore Windfarm (WOWF) development.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-02 07:38:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4808014"], "description"=>"<p>No significant differences were observed between any of these treatments.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxa", "proximity", "turbine", "BRUV", "technique", "Stereo Baited Video", "sampling marine biota", "individual", "limitation", "Scyliorhinu", "tool", "Irish Sea", "windfarm developments influence fish assemblages", "abundance", "e.g", "motile fauna", "species", "majority", "fish populations"], "article_id"=>3093955, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Ross A. Griffin", "Gary J. Robinson", "Ashley West", "Ian T. Gloyne-Phillips", "Richard K. F. Unsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Mean_SE_relative_abundance_i_N_i_sub_i_max_i_sub_and_number_of_taxa_of_motile_fauna_recorded_using_stereo_BRUV_systems_at_three_different_distances_adjacent_100m_and_4km_from_turbines_sampled_at_the_Walney_Offshore_Windfarm_WOWF_development_/3093955", "title"=>"Mean (± SE) relative abundance (<i>N</i><sub><i>max</i></sub>) and number of taxa of motile fauna recorded using stereo BRUV systems at three different distances (adjacent, 100m and 4km) from turbines sampled at the Walney Offshore Windfarm (WOWF) development.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-02 07:38:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4807939"], "description"=>"<div><p>There remains limited knowledge of how offshore windfarm developments influence fish assemblages, particularly at a local scale around the turbine structures. Considering the existing levels of anthropogenic pressures on coastal fish populations it is becoming increasingly important for developers and environmental regulators to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the factors influencing fish assemblages. Improving our ability to assess such fish populations in close proximity to structures will assist in increasing this knowledge. In the present study we provide the first trial use of Baited Remote Underwater Stereo-Video systems (stereo BRUVs) for the quantification of motile fauna in close proximity to offshore wind turbines. The study was conducted in the Irish Sea and finds the technique to be a viable means of assessing the motile fauna of such environments. The present study found a mixture of species including bottom dwellers, motile crustaceans and large predatory fish. The majority of taxa observed were found to be immature individuals with few adult individuals recorded. The most abundant species were the angular crab (<i>Goneplax rhomboides</i>) and the small-spotted catshark (<i>Scyliorhinus canicula</i>). Of note in this study was the generally low abundance and diversity of taxa recorded across all samples, we hypothesise that this reflects the generally poor state of the local fauna of the Irish Sea. The faunal assemblages sampled in close proximity to turbines were observed to alter with increasing distance from the structure, species more characteristic of hard bottom environments were in abundance at the turbines (e.g. <i>Homarus gammarus</i>, <i>Cancer pagarus</i>, <i>Scyliorhinus spp</i>.) and those further away more characteristic of soft bottoms (e.g. Norwegian Lobster). This study highlights the need for the environmental impacts of offshore renewables on motile fauna to be assessed using targeted and appropriate tools. Stereo BRUVs provide one of those tools, but like the majority of methods for sampling marine biota, they have limitations. We conclude our paper by providing a discussion of the benefits and limitations of using this BRUV technique for assessing fauna within areas close to offshore windfarms.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxa", "proximity", "turbine", "BRUV", "technique", "Stereo Baited Video", "sampling marine biota", "individual", "limitation", "Scyliorhinu", "tool", "Irish Sea", "windfarm developments influence fish assemblages", "abundance", "e.g", "motile fauna", "species", "majority", "fish populations"], "article_id"=>3093895, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Ross A. Griffin", "Gary J. Robinson", "Ashley West", "Ian T. Gloyne-Phillips", "Richard K. F. Unsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Assessing_Fish_and_Motile_Fauna_around_Offshore_Windfarms_Using_Stereo_Baited_Video/3093895", "title"=>"Assessing Fish and Motile Fauna around Offshore Windfarms Using Stereo Baited Video", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-02 07:38:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4808101"], "description"=>"<p>Where it was possible to conduct pairwise comparisons this data is also shown (* = P<0.05). H statistics are shown for Kruskal-Wallis (KW) tests, F statistics are presented from One-way ANOVA and R statistics presented for ANOSIM.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxa", "proximity", "turbine", "BRUV", "technique", "Stereo Baited Video", "sampling marine biota", "individual", "limitation", "Scyliorhinu", "tool", "Irish Sea", "windfarm developments influence fish assemblages", "abundance", "e.g", "motile fauna", "species", "majority", "fish populations"], "article_id"=>3094027, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Ross A. Griffin", "Gary J. Robinson", "Ashley West", "Ian T. Gloyne-Phillips", "Richard K. F. Unsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Summary_statistics_for_ANOVA_Kruskal_Wallis_and_ANOSIM_tests_used_to_determine_the_presence_of_any_differences_in_the_relative_density_i_N_i_sub_i_max_i_sub_of_abundant_taxa_and_assemblage_structure_at_three_different_distances_adjacent_100_m_and_4_km_fro/3094027", "title"=>"Summary statistics for ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis and ANOSIM tests used to determine the presence of any differences in the relative density (<i>N</i><sub><i>max</i></sub>) of abundant taxa and assemblage structure at three different distances (adjacent, 100 m and 4 km) from turbines sampled at the Walney Offshore Windfarm (WOWF) development.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-02 07:38:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4807984"], "description"=>"<p>Image shows stereo cameras placed alongside underwater dive lights and mounted within a steel cage. Bait bar and bait cage mounted to the front of the system. Additional lead weight is attached to base of the cage to ensure stability of system on the seafloor.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxa", "proximity", "turbine", "BRUV", "technique", "Stereo Baited Video", "sampling marine biota", "individual", "limitation", "Scyliorhinu", "tool", "Irish Sea", "windfarm developments influence fish assemblages", "abundance", "e.g", "motile fauna", "species", "majority", "fish populations"], "article_id"=>3093934, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Ross A. Griffin", "Gary J. Robinson", "Ashley West", "Ian T. Gloyne-Phillips", "Richard K. F. Unsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Stereo_Baited_Remote_Underwater_Video_system_being_deployed_in_close_proximity_to_an_offshore_wind_turbine_using_a_research_vessel_with_dynamic_positioning_/3093934", "title"=>"Stereo Baited Remote Underwater Video system being deployed in close proximity to an offshore wind turbine using a research vessel with dynamic positioning.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-02 07:38:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4808080"], "description"=>"<p>Mean (± SD) relative abundance (<i>N</i><sub><i>max</i></sub>) and length measurements (mm) for each taxa recorded using stereo BRUV at three different distances (adjacent, 100 m and 4 km) from turbines sampled at the Walney Offshore Windfarm (WOWF) development.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxa", "proximity", "turbine", "BRUV", "technique", "Stereo Baited Video", "sampling marine biota", "individual", "limitation", "Scyliorhinu", "tool", "Irish Sea", "windfarm developments influence fish assemblages", "abundance", "e.g", "motile fauna", "species", "majority", "fish populations"], "article_id"=>3094006, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Ross A. Griffin", "Gary J. Robinson", "Ashley West", "Ian T. Gloyne-Phillips", "Richard K. F. Unsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Mean_SD_relative_abundance_i_N_i_sub_i_max_i_sub_and_length_measurements_mm_for_each_taxa_recorded_using_stereo_BRUV_at_three_different_distances_adjacent_100_m_and_4_km_from_turbines_sampled_at_the_Walney_Offshore_Windfarm_WOWF_development_/3094006", "title"=>"Mean (± SD) relative abundance (<i>N</i><sub><i>max</i></sub>) and length measurements (mm) for each taxa recorded using stereo BRUV at three different distances (adjacent, 100 m and 4 km) from turbines sampled at the Walney Offshore Windfarm (WOWF) development.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-02 07:38:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4808041"], "description"=>"<p>Species are clustered using the standard agglomerative method, based on the ‘index of association’ resemblances computed on species-standardised <i>N</i><sub><i>max</i></sub>. The resulting dendogram is rotated to maximise the seriation statistic <i>p</i>, non-parametrically correlating their resemblances on the distance structure of a linear sequence [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701#pone.0149701.ref035\" target=\"_blank\">35</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxa", "proximity", "turbine", "BRUV", "technique", "Stereo Baited Video", "sampling marine biota", "individual", "limitation", "Scyliorhinu", "tool", "Irish Sea", "windfarm developments influence fish assemblages", "abundance", "e.g", "motile fauna", "species", "majority", "fish populations"], "article_id"=>3093976, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Ross A. Griffin", "Gary J. Robinson", "Ashley West", "Ian T. Gloyne-Phillips", "Richard K. F. Unsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Shade_plot_of_14_taxa_from_20_sites_sampled_with_stereo_BRUV_systems_at_three_different_distances_adjacent_100m_and_4km_from_turbines_sampled_at_the_Walney_Offshore_Windfarm_WOWF_development_with_linear_grey_scale_intensity_proportional_to_untransformed_i/3093976", "title"=>"Shade plot of 14 taxa from 20 sites sampled with stereo BRUV systems at three different distances (adjacent, 100m and 4km) from turbines sampled at the Walney Offshore Windfarm (WOWF) development with linear grey-scale intensity proportional to untransformed <i>N</i><sub><i>max</i></sub> values.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-02 07:38:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4807960"], "description"=>"<p>The ten locations where twenty sites were sampled are shown by circles in the figure. Eight of these are located adjacent to wind turbines and two are located at a distance away to the north of Walney Phase 2. The inset figure (bottom left) shows the distance between the two sample sites placed at each location.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["taxa", "proximity", "turbine", "BRUV", "technique", "Stereo Baited Video", "sampling marine biota", "individual", "limitation", "Scyliorhinu", "tool", "Irish Sea", "windfarm developments influence fish assemblages", "abundance", "e.g", "motile fauna", "species", "majority", "fish populations"], "article_id"=>3093913, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Ross A. Griffin", "Gary J. Robinson", "Ashley West", "Ian T. Gloyne-Phillips", "Richard K. F. Unsworth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149701.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Location_of_the_Walney_Offshore_Windfarm_WOWF_development_and_other_adjacent_offshore_windfarms_in_the_North_East_Irish_Sea_/3093913", "title"=>"Location of the Walney Offshore Windfarm (WOWF) development and other adjacent offshore windfarms in the North East Irish Sea.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-02 07:38:55"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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