Health Impacts of Active Transportation in Europe
Publication Date
March 01, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
David Rojas Rueda, Audrey De Nazelle, Zorana J. Andersen, Charlotte Braun Fahrländer, et al
Volume
11
Issue
3
Pages
e0149990
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149990
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0149990
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26930213
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4773008
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26930213
Web of Science
000371434500085
Scopus
84961904300
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/health-impacts-active-transportation-europe
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Health impacts of active transportation in Europe", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Rojas-Rueda", "scopus_author_id"=>"57200949670"}, {"first_name"=>"Audrey", "last_name"=>"De Nazelle", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504250744"}, {"first_name"=>"Zorana J.", "last_name"=>"Andersen", "scopus_author_id"=>"23003667600"}, {"first_name"=>"Charlotte", "last_name"=>"Braun-Fahrländer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003363656"}, {"first_name"=>"Jan", "last_name"=>"Bruha", "scopus_author_id"=>"57195316898"}, {"first_name"=>"Hana", "last_name"=>"Bruhova-Foltynova", "scopus_author_id"=>"26767442500"}, {"first_name"=>"Hélène", "last_name"=>"Desqueyroux", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603079906"}, {"first_name"=>"Corinne", "last_name"=>"Praznoczy", "scopus_author_id"=>"55502951500"}, {"first_name"=>"Martina S.", "last_name"=>"Ragettli", "scopus_author_id"=>"37047803500"}, {"first_name"=>"Marko", "last_name"=>"Tainio", "scopus_author_id"=>"8213549900"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark J.", "last_name"=>"Nieuwenhuijsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007123042"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84961904300", "sgr"=>"84961904300", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0149990", "pui"=>"608996400", "pmid"=>"26930213", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"b7352c49-0faa-3202-b34b-8698be992adb", "abstract"=>"Policies that stimulate active transportation (walking and bicycling) have been related to heath benefits. This study aims to assess the potential health risks and benefits of promoting active transportation for commuting populations (age groups 16-64) in six European cities. We conducted a health impact assessment using two scenarios: increased cycling and increased walking. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality related to changes in physical activity level, exposure to fine particulate matter air pollution with a diameter <2.5 μm, as well as traffic fatalities in the cities of Barcelona, Basel, Copenhagen, Paris, Prague, and Warsaw. All scenarios produced health benefits in the six cities. An increase in bicycle trips to 35% of all trips (as in Copenhagen) produced the highest benefits among the different scenarios analysed in Warsaw 113 (76-163) annual deaths avoided, Prague 61 (29-104), Barcelona 37 (24-56), Paris 37 (18-64) and Basel 5 (3-9). An increase in walking trips to 50% of all trips (as in Paris) resulted in 19 (3-42) deaths avoided annually in Warsaw, 11(3-21) in Prague, 6 (4-9) in Basel, 3 (2-6) in Copenhagen and 3 (2-4) in Barcelona. The scenarios would also reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the six cities by 1,139 to 26,423 (metric tonnes per year). Policies to promote active transportation may produce health benefits, but these depend of the existing characteristics of the cities. Increased collaboration between health practitioners, transport specialists and urban planners will help to introduce the health perspective in transport policies and promote active transportation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/health-impacts-active-transportation-europe", "reader_count"=>88, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. 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Student"=>18, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>16, "Other"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>12, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Energy"=>1, "Engineering"=>13, "Environmental Science"=>17, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>16, "Design"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>5, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>10}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>16}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>10}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>5}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>12}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>17}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>13}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Japan"=>1, "France"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4799764"], "description"=>"<p>A: Cyclist increment; B: Pedestrians increment. “Linear RR for PA”: Using a linear relative risk function for physical activity (for cycling or walking) as reported by kahlmeier S, et al, 2011; “50% of the trips coming from car trips”: Assume that half of the trips substituted in each scenario come from car trips; “Safety in numbers”: Assuming a fatal accident reduction associated with the increment of the number of pedestrians or cyclist; “Fatal accident risk of the reference city”: Assuming a fatal accident risk similar to the reference city for the scenarios A (fatal accident risk of cyclist in Copenhagen) and B (fatal accident risk of pedestrians in Paris); “European RR function for PM2.5”: Using a relative risk function of PM2.5 and all cause mortality reported in ESCAPE project (Beelen R, et al, 2014); “Fivefold toxicity of PM2.5”: Assuming a fivefold toxicity of PM2.5 from the traffic sources.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Paris", "Basel", "health impact assessment", "transportation", "carbon dioxide emissions", "matter air pollution", "health benefits", "Barcelona", "scenario", "Prague", "Copenhagen", "Warsaw"], "article_id"=>3087409, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["David Rojas-Rueda", "Audrey de Nazelle", "Zorana J. Andersen", "Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer", "Jan Bruha", "Hana Bruhova-Foltynova", "Hélène Desqueyroux", "Corinne Praznoczy", "Martina S. Ragettli", "Marko Tainio", "Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149990.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Sensitivity_analysis_Number_of_deaths_avoided_or_postponed_per_year_by_100_000_travellers_who_shifted_modes_/3087409", "title"=>"Sensitivity analysis. Number of deaths avoided or postponed per year by 100,000 travellers who shifted modes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:46:59"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4799998"], "description"=>"<p>Active transportation scenarios.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Paris", "Basel", "health impact assessment", "transportation", "carbon dioxide emissions", "matter air pollution", "health benefits", "Barcelona", "scenario", "Prague", "Copenhagen", "Warsaw"], "article_id"=>3087595, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["David Rojas-Rueda", "Audrey de Nazelle", "Zorana J. Andersen", "Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer", "Jan Bruha", "Hana Bruhova-Foltynova", "Hélène Desqueyroux", "Corinne Praznoczy", "Martina S. Ragettli", "Marko Tainio", "Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149990.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Active_transportation_scenarios_/3087595", "title"=>"Active transportation scenarios.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:46:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800100"], "description"=>"<p>Number of deaths (95% confidence intervals) avoided or postponed per year and Number of deaths avoided or postponed per year per 100,000 travellers who shifted modes (95% confidence intervals).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Paris", "Basel", "health impact assessment", "transportation", "carbon dioxide emissions", "matter air pollution", "health benefits", "Barcelona", "scenario", "Prague", "Copenhagen", "Warsaw"], "article_id"=>3087679, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["David Rojas-Rueda", "Audrey de Nazelle", "Zorana J. Andersen", "Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer", "Jan Bruha", "Hana Bruhova-Foltynova", "Hélène Desqueyroux", "Corinne Praznoczy", "Martina S. Ragettli", "Marko Tainio", "Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149990.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Number_of_deaths_95_confidence_intervals_avoided_or_postponed_per_year_and_Number_of_deaths_avoided_or_postponed_per_year_per_100_000_travellers_who_shifted_modes_95_confidence_intervals_/3087679", "title"=>"Number of deaths (95% confidence intervals) avoided or postponed per year and Number of deaths avoided or postponed per year per 100,000 travellers who shifted modes (95% confidence intervals).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:46:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4799638"], "description"=>"<p>Scenarios. A: 35% of all trips by bicycle; B: 50% of all trips walking.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Paris", "Basel", "health impact assessment", "transportation", "carbon dioxide emissions", "matter air pollution", "health benefits", "Barcelona", "scenario", "Prague", "Copenhagen", "Warsaw"], "article_id"=>3087310, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["David Rojas-Rueda", "Audrey de Nazelle", "Zorana J. Andersen", "Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer", "Jan Bruha", "Hana Bruhova-Foltynova", "Hélène Desqueyroux", "Corinne Praznoczy", "Martina S. Ragettli", "Marko Tainio", "Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149990.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Number_of_deaths_and_Number_of_deaths_adjusted_by_100_000_travellers_who_shifted_modes_per_year_by_heath_exposure_/3087310", "title"=>"Number of deaths and Number of deaths adjusted by 100,000 travellers who shifted modes per year, by heath exposure.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:46:59"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4799419"], "description"=>"<div><p>Policies that stimulate active transportation (walking and bicycling) have been related to heath benefits. This study aims to assess the potential health risks and benefits of promoting active transportation for commuting populations (age groups 16–64) in six European cities. We conducted a health impact assessment using two scenarios: increased cycling and increased walking. The primary outcome measure was all-cause mortality related to changes in physical activity level, exposure to fine particulate matter air pollution with a diameter <2.5 μm, as well as traffic fatalities in the cities of Barcelona, Basel, Copenhagen, Paris, Prague, and Warsaw. All scenarios produced health benefits in the six cities. An increase in bicycle trips to 35% of all trips (as in Copenhagen) produced the highest benefits among the different scenarios analysed in Warsaw 113 (76–163) annual deaths avoided, Prague 61 (29–104), Barcelona 37 (24–56), Paris 37 (18–64) and Basel 5 (3–9). An increase in walking trips to 50% of all trips (as in Paris) resulted in 19 (3–42) deaths avoided annually in Warsaw, 11(3–21) in Prague, 6 (4–9) in Basel, 3 (2–6) in Copenhagen and 3 (2–4) in Barcelona. The scenarios would also reduce carbon dioxide emissions in the six cities by 1,139 to 26,423 (metric tonnes per year). Policies to promote active transportation may produce health benefits, but these depend of the existing characteristics of the cities. Increased collaboration between health practitioners, transport specialists and urban planners will help to introduce the health perspective in transport policies and promote active transportation.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Paris", "Basel", "health impact assessment", "transportation", "carbon dioxide emissions", "matter air pollution", "health benefits", "Barcelona", "scenario", "Prague", "Copenhagen", "Warsaw"], "article_id"=>3087151, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Developmental Biology", "Cancer", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["David Rojas-Rueda", "Audrey de Nazelle", "Zorana J. Andersen", "Charlotte Braun-Fahrländer", "Jan Bruha", "Hana Bruhova-Foltynova", "Hélène Desqueyroux", "Corinne Praznoczy", "Martina S. Ragettli", "Marko Tainio", "Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149990", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>15, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Health_Impacts_of_Active_Transportation_in_Europe/3087151", "title"=>"Health Impacts of Active Transportation in Europe", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>6, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:46:59"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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