Demographic and Component Allee Effects in Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Demographic and component allee effects in southern lake superior gray wolves", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jennifer L.", "last_name"=>"Stenglein", "scopus_author_id"=>"35727756900"}, {"first_name"=>"Timothy R.", "last_name"=>"Van Deelen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602813565"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"26930665", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84962223160", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0150535", "sgr"=>"84962223160", "pui"=>"608995857"}, "id"=>"f0e09646-87e2-3051-a979-9f86b35a14be", "abstract"=>"Recovering populations of carnivores suffering Allee effects risk extinction because positive population growth requires a minimum number of cooperating individuals. Conservationists seldom consider these issues in planning for carnivore recovery because of data limitations, but ignoring Allee effects could lead to overly optimistic predictions for growth and underestimates of extinction risk. We used Bayesian splines to document a demographic Allee effect in the time series of gray wolf (Canis lupus) population counts (1980-2011) in the southern Lake Superior region (SLS, Wisconsin and the upper peninsula of Michigan, USA) in each of four measures of population growth. We estimated that the population crossed the Allee threshold at roughly 20 wolves in four to five packs. Maximum per-capita population growth occurred in the mid-1990s when there were approximately 135 wolves in the SLS population. To infer mechanisms behind the demographic Allee effect, we evaluated a potential component Allee effect using an individual-based spatially explicit model for gray wolves in the SLS region. Our simulations varied the perception neighborhoods for mate-finding and the mean dispersal distances of wolves. Simulation of wolves with long-distance dispersals and reduced perception neighborhoods were most likely to go extinct or experience Allee effects. These phenomena likely restricted population growth in early years of SLS wolf population recovery.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/demographic-component-allee-effects-southern-lake-superior-gray-wolves", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84962223160"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84962223160?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84962223160&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84962223160&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84962223160", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84962223160", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84962223160", "dc:title"=>"Demographic and component allee effects in southern lake superior gray wolves", "dc:creator"=>"Stenglein J.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"11", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"3", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2016-03-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"March 2016", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0150535", "citedby-count"=>"6", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Wisconsin-Madison", "affiliation-city"=>"Madison", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Wisconsin Department Natural Resources", "affiliation-city"=>"Madison", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26930665", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0150535", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0150535", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"236"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801501"], "description"=>"<p>Posterior mean and 95% credible intervals of the probability of an Allee effect from simulations varying the perception neighborhood for mate-finding as 1, 2 or >3 territories (terr) away and the mean dispersal distances as low (25 km), average (50 km) and high (100 km) in an individual-based spatially explicit model for gray wolves in the southern Lake Superior region [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535#pone.0150535.ref037\" target=\"_blank\">37</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["perception neighborhoods", "Allee effect", "Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "Allee effects risk extinction", "SLS wolf population recovery", "Component Allee Effects", "component Allee effect", "USA", "Lake Superior region", "experience Allee effects", "population growth", "wolves"], "article_id"=>3088768, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Jennifer L. Stenglein", "Timothy R. Van Deelen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_probability_of_an_Allee_effect_from_simulations_of_an_individual_based_spatially_explicit_model_/3088768", "title"=>"The probability of an Allee effect from simulations of an individual-based spatially explicit model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:52:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801402"], "description"=>"<p>Fitted curves with 95% credible intervals from splines fit to the relationship between per capita growth and four measure of population size for gray wolves in the southern Lake Superior wolf (SLS) population (A) and Wisconsin (B), including the number of packs (C) and the proportion of occupied territory in Wisconsin (D).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["perception neighborhoods", "Allee effect", "Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "Allee effects risk extinction", "SLS wolf population recovery", "Component Allee Effects", "component Allee effect", "USA", "Lake Superior region", "experience Allee effects", "population growth", "wolves"], "article_id"=>3088708, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Jennifer L. Stenglein", "Timothy R. Van Deelen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Splines_fit_to_growth_versus_population_size_of_the_southern_Lake_Superior_wolf_population_in_1980_2011_/3088708", "title"=>"Splines fit to growth versus population size of the southern Lake Superior wolf population in 1980–2011.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:52:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800736", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801063", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801042", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801009", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800997", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800988", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800970", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800937", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800907", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800889", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800880", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800871", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800844", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800841", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800817", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800784", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4800748", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801078"], "description"=>"<div><p>Recovering populations of carnivores suffering Allee effects risk extinction because positive population growth requires a minimum number of cooperating individuals. Conservationists seldom consider these issues in planning for carnivore recovery because of data limitations, but ignoring Allee effects could lead to overly optimistic predictions for growth and underestimates of extinction risk. We used Bayesian splines to document a demographic Allee effect in the time series of gray wolf (<i>Canis lupus</i>) population counts (1980–2011) in the southern Lake Superior region (SLS, Wisconsin and the upper peninsula of Michigan, USA) in each of four measures of population growth. We estimated that the population crossed the Allee threshold at roughly 20 wolves in four to five packs. Maximum per-capita population growth occurred in the mid-1990s when there were approximately 135 wolves in the SLS population. To infer mechanisms behind the demographic Allee effect, we evaluated a potential component Allee effect using an individual-based spatially explicit model for gray wolves in the SLS region. Our simulations varied the perception neighborhoods for mate-finding and the mean dispersal distances of wolves. Simulation of wolves with long-distance dispersals and reduced perception neighborhoods were most likely to go extinct or experience Allee effects. These phenomena likely restricted population growth in early years of SLS wolf population recovery.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["perception neighborhoods", "Allee effect", "Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "Allee effects risk extinction", "SLS wolf population recovery", "Component Allee Effects", "component Allee effect", "USA", "Lake Superior region", "experience Allee effects", "population growth", "wolves"], "article_id"=>3088168, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Jennifer L. Stenglein", "Timothy R. Van Deelen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s017", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s016", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s015", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.s018"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Demographic_and_Component_Allee_Effects_in_Southern_Lake_Superior_Gray_Wolves/3088168", "title"=>"Demographic and Component Allee Effects in Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:52:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801339"], "description"=>"<p>We varied perception neighborhoods where simulated wolves could search for mates 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 territories away (concentric circles) and the log mean parameter in the lognormal distribution used to calculate individual dispersal distance with average dispersal distances of 25, 50, and 100 kilometers (sectors) on a simulated landscape.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["perception neighborhoods", "Allee effect", "Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "Allee effects risk extinction", "SLS wolf population recovery", "Component Allee Effects", "component Allee effect", "USA", "Lake Superior region", "experience Allee effects", "population growth", "wolves"], "article_id"=>3088651, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Jennifer L. Stenglein", "Timothy R. Van Deelen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Simulations_for_an_individual_based_spatially_explicit_model_for_southern_Lake_Superior_wolves_/3088651", "title"=>"Simulations for an individual-based spatially explicit model for southern Lake Superior wolves.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:52:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801696"], "description"=>"<p>Number of repetitions with evidence for Allee effects from simulations of an individual-based spatially explicit model for gray wolves [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535#pone.0150535.ref037\" target=\"_blank\">37</a>] in the southern Lake Superior region.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["perception neighborhoods", "Allee effect", "Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "Allee effects risk extinction", "SLS wolf population recovery", "Component Allee Effects", "component Allee effect", "USA", "Lake Superior region", "experience Allee effects", "population growth", "wolves"], "article_id"=>3088909, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Jennifer L. Stenglein", "Timothy R. Van Deelen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Number_of_repetitions_with_evidence_for_Allee_effects_from_simulations_of_an_individual_based_spatially_explicit_model_for_gray_wolves_37_in_the_southern_Lake_Superior_region_/3088909", "title"=>"Number of repetitions with evidence for Allee effects from simulations of an individual-based spatially explicit model for gray wolves [37] in the southern Lake Superior region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:52:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801612"], "description"=>"<p>Life history events and sequence of events for simulated southern Lake Superior wolves in an individual-based spatially explicit model [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535#pone.0150535.ref037\" target=\"_blank\">37</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["perception neighborhoods", "Allee effect", "Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "Allee effects risk extinction", "SLS wolf population recovery", "Component Allee Effects", "component Allee effect", "USA", "Lake Superior region", "experience Allee effects", "population growth", "wolves"], "article_id"=>3088828, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Jennifer L. Stenglein", "Timothy R. Van Deelen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Life_history_events_and_sequence_of_events_for_simulated_southern_Lake_Superior_wolves_in_an_individual_based_spatially_explicit_model_37_/3088828", "title"=>"Life history events and sequence of events for simulated southern Lake Superior wolves in an individual-based spatially explicit model [37].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:52:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801219"], "description"=>"<p>The hierarchical levels of organization are the individual wolves, grid cells that make up the landscape, territories, and wolf population and the lists (e.g., sex, age, pack status) are the variables that characterize each level.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["perception neighborhoods", "Allee effect", "Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "Allee effects risk extinction", "SLS wolf population recovery", "Component Allee Effects", "component Allee effect", "USA", "Lake Superior region", "experience Allee effects", "population growth", "wolves"], "article_id"=>3088573, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Jennifer L. Stenglein", "Timothy R. Van Deelen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Depiction_of_an_individual_based_spatially_explicit_model_for_growth_of_the_southern_Lake_Superior_wolf_population_37_/3088573", "title"=>"Depiction of an individual-based spatially explicit model for growth of the southern Lake Superior wolf population [37].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:52:49"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4801153"], "description"=>"<p>Black dotted polygon outlines the primary southern Lake Superior wolf range made up of Wisconsin and the upper peninsula of Michigan (each with currently around 600–800 wolves) and stars show the major cities limiting connectivity to Minnesota and Ontario [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535#pone.0150535.ref026\" target=\"_blank\">26</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535#pone.0150535.ref027\" target=\"_blank\">27</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["perception neighborhoods", "Allee effect", "Southern Lake Superior Gray Wolves", "Allee effects risk extinction", "SLS wolf population recovery", "Component Allee Effects", "component Allee effect", "USA", "Lake Superior region", "experience Allee effects", "population growth", "wolves"], "article_id"=>3088510, "categories"=>["Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Jennifer L. Stenglein", "Timothy R. Van Deelen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150535.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Map_of_the_location_of_the_southern_Lake_Superior_wolf_population_/3088510", "title"=>"Map of the location of the southern Lake Superior wolf population.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-01 06:52:49"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"18", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts