You Don’t See What I See: Individual Differences in the Perception of Meaning from Visual Stimuli
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"You don't see what i see: Individual differences in the perception of meaning from visual stimuli", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Timea R.", "last_name"=>"Partos", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193880018"}, {"first_name"=>"Simon J.", "last_name"=>"Cropper", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701653339"}, {"first_name"=>"David", "last_name"=>"Rawlings", "scopus_author_id"=>"35461883000"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84961148380", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0150615", "pui"=>"609035019", "pmid"=>"26954696", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84961148380", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"989d545e-ae07-36be-81cc-ef90ab75319c", "abstract"=>"Everyone has their own unique version of the visual world and there has been growing interest in understanding the way that personality shapes one's perception. Here, we investigated meaningful visual experiences in relation to the personality dimension of schizotypy. In a novel approach to this issue, a non-clinical sample of subjects (total n = 197) were presented with calibrated images of scenes, cartoons and faces of varying visibility embedded in noise; the spatial properties of the images were constructed to mimic the natural statistics of the environment. In two experiments, subjects were required to indicate what they saw in a large number of unique images, both with and without actual meaningful structure. The first experiment employed an open-ended response paradigm and used a variety of different images in noise; the second experiment only presented a series of faces embedded in noise, and required a forced-choice response from the subjects. The results in all conditions indicated that a high positive schizotypy score was associated with an increased tendency to perceive complex meaning in images comprised purely of random visual noise. Individuals high in positive schizotypy seemed to be employing a looser criterion (response bias) to determine what constituted a 'meaningful' image, while also being significantly less sensitive at the task than those low in positive schizotypy. Our results suggest that differences in perceptual performance for individuals high in positive schizotypy are not related to increased suggestibility or susceptibility to instruction, as had previously been suggested. Instead, the observed reductions in sensitivity along with increased response bias toward seeing something that is not there, indirectly implicated subtle neurophysiological differences associated with the personality dimension of schizotypy, that are theoretically pertinent to the continuum of schizophrenia and hallucination-proneness.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dont-see-i-see-individual-differences-perception-meaning-visual-stimuli", "reader_count"=>62, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>11, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Psychology"=>42, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>42}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Serbia and Montenegro"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84961148380"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84961148380?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84961148380&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84961148380&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84961148380", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84961148380", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84961148380", "dc:title"=>"You don't see what i see: Individual differences in the perception of meaning from visual stimuli", "dc:creator"=>"Partos T.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"11", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"3", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2016-03-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"March 2016", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0150615", "citedby-count"=>"5", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences", "affiliation-city"=>"Melbourne", "affiliation-country"=>"Australia"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"King's College London", "affiliation-city"=>"London", "affiliation-country"=>"United Kingdom"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26954696", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0150615", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0150615", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"60", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"908"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1110"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"427"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"177"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"347"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"362"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"258"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"259"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"300"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"59", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"379"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"180"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"434"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"814"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"54", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"705"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"51", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"589"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"419"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"426"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"571"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"543"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"407"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"66", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"612"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"424"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"420"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"373"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"91", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"866"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"77", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"950"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"686"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824691"], "description"=>"<p>Response rates for complex false alarms on the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task (<i>POM</i>) across the 6 spatial frequency bands, shown separately for individuals scoring below and above the median on the <i>UnEx</i> subscale of the <i>O-LIFE</i> (<i>N</i> = 102, error bars represent ±95% confidence intervals).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103648, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/2x6_ANOVA_of_the_rates_of_complex_false_alarm_responses_as_a_function_of_spatial_frequency_/3103648", "title"=>"2x6 ANOVA of the rates of complex false alarm responses as a function of spatial frequency.", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824910"], "description"=>"<p>Summary of four hierarchical block-wise regression analyses (forced entry) for personality measures predicting complex and simple false alarm rates (rows) on the <i>Random Dots Task</i> and the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> (columns) task in Experiment 1 (<i>N</i> = 99).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103810, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Summary_of_four_hierarchical_block_wise_regression_analyses_forced_entry_for_personality_measures_predicting_complex_and_simple_false_alarm_rates_rows_on_the_i_Random_Dots_Task_i_and_the_i_Perception_Of_Meaning_i_columns_task_in_Experiment_1_i_N_i_99_/3103810", "title"=>"Summary of four hierarchical block-wise regression analyses (forced entry) for personality measures predicting complex and simple false alarm rates (rows) on the <i>Random Dots Task</i> and the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> (columns) task in Experiment 1 (<i>N</i> = 99).", "pos_in_sequence"=>12, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824850"], "description"=>"<p>Data plotted separately for individuals scoring below and above the median on the <i>UnEx</i> subscale of the <i>O-LIFE</i> (<i>N</i> = 94, error bars represent ±95% confidence intervals). The reference lines in panels a and b represent chance performance (yes-no task), whereas the reference line at β = 1 in panel d represents the point of no response bias for an unbiased responder. A β value less than 1 indicates a bias toward saying a face was present in a noise-only stimulus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103750, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Performance_across_the_different_expectation_conditions_collapsed_across_spatial_frequency_in_the_i_Perception_Of_Meaning_i_task_/3103750", "title"=>"Performance across the different expectation conditions, collapsed across spatial frequency, in the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>8, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824883"], "description"=>"<p>Summary statistics (untransformed) for the questionnaire measures used in Experiment 1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103783, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Summary_statistics_untransformed_for_the_questionnaire_measures_used_in_Experiment_1_/3103783", "title"=>"Summary statistics (untransformed) for the questionnaire measures used in Experiment 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>10, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824667"], "description"=>"<p>Response rates for simple and complex responses (false alarms) on the <i>Random Dots Task</i> (<i>RDT</i>) and the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task (<i>POM</i>), shown separately for individuals scoring below and above the median on the <i>UnEx</i> subscale of the <i>O-LIFE</i> (<i>N</i> = 102, error bars represent ±95% confidence intervals).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103624, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/2x4_ANOVA_of_the_rates_of_simple_and_complex_false_alarm_responses_/3103624", "title"=>"2x4 ANOVA of the rates of simple and complex false alarm responses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824625"], "description"=>"<p>Flow diagram representing the creation of the stimuli for the POM task used in Experiment 1 (1a) and Experiment 2 (1b). F<sub>C</sub> = central frequency.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103594, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Creation_of_stimuli_for_Perception_of_Meaning_POM_task_/3103594", "title"=>"Creation of stimuli for Perception of Meaning (POM) task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824829"], "description"=>"<p>Data shown separately for individuals scoring below and above the median on the <i>UnEx</i> subscale of the <i>O-LIFE</i> (<i>N</i> = 94, error bars represent ±95% confidence intervals). The reference line at 0.5 in panel a represents chance performance in the yes-no task, whereas the reference line at β = 1.0 in panel c represents the point of no response bias for an unbiased responder. A β value less than 1 indicates a bias toward saying a face was present in a noise-only stimulus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103729, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Mean_performance_on_the_i_Perception_Of_Meaning_i_task_in_Experiment_2_/3103729", "title"=>"Mean performance on the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task in Experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>7, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824898"], "description"=>"<p>Correlations between questionnaire measures and performance on the two visual tasks used in Experiment 1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103795, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Correlations_between_questionnaire_measures_and_performance_on_the_two_visual_tasks_used_in_Experiment_1_/3103795", "title"=>"Correlations between questionnaire measures and performance on the two visual tasks used in Experiment 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>11, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824589", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824598"], "description"=>"<div><p>Everyone has their own unique version of the visual world and there has been growing interest in understanding the way that personality shapes one’s perception. Here, we investigated meaningful visual experiences in relation to the personality dimension of schizotypy. In a novel approach to this issue, a non-clinical sample of subjects (total n = 197) were presented with calibrated images of scenes, cartoons and faces of varying visibility embedded in noise; the spatial properties of the images were constructed to mimic the natural statistics of the environment. In two experiments, subjects were required to indicate what they saw in a large number of unique images, both with and without actual meaningful structure. The first experiment employed an open-ended response paradigm and used a variety of different images in noise; the second experiment only presented a series of faces embedded in noise, and required a forced-choice response from the subjects. The results in all conditions indicated that a high positive schizotypy score was associated with an increased tendency to perceive complex meaning in images comprised purely of random visual noise. Individuals high in positive schizotypy seemed to be employing a looser criterion (response bias) to determine what constituted a ‘meaningful’ image, while also being significantly less sensitive at the task than those low in positive schizotypy. Our results suggest that differences in perceptual performance for individuals high in positive schizotypy are not related to increased suggestibility or susceptibility to instruction, as had previously been suggested. Instead, the observed reductions in sensitivity along with increased response bias toward seeing something that is not there, indirectly implicated subtle neurophysiological differences associated with the personality dimension of schizotypy, that are theoretically pertinent to the continuum of schizophrenia and hallucination-proneness.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103540, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/You_Don_t_See_What_I_See_Individual_Differences_in_the_Perception_of_Meaning_from_Visual_Stimuli/3103540", "title"=>"You Don’t See What I See: Individual Differences in the Perception of Meaning from Visual Stimuli", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824940"], "description"=>"<p>Summary statistics (untransformed) for the questionnaire measures used in Experiment 2, stratified by % of signal stimuli expected during the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103825, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Summary_statistics_untransformed_for_the_questionnaire_measures_used_in_Experiment_2_stratified_by_of_signal_stimuli_expected_during_the_i_Perception_Of_Meaning_i_task_/3103825", "title"=>"Summary statistics (untransformed) for the questionnaire measures used in Experiment 2, stratified by % of signal stimuli expected during the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>13, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824868"], "description"=>"<p>Data plotted separately for individuals scoring below and above the median on the <i>UnEx</i> subscale of the <i>O-LIFE</i> (<i>N</i> = 94, error bars represent ±95% confidence intervals). The reference lines in panels a and b represent chance performance (yes-no task), whereas the reference line at β = 1 in panel d represents the point of no response bias for an unbiased responder. A β value less than 1 indicates a bias toward saying a face was present in a noise-only stimulus.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103768, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Performance_across_the_different_spatial_frequency_brackets_collapsed_across_expectation_of_the_i_Perception_Of_Meaning_i_task_/3103768", "title"=>"Performance across the different spatial frequency brackets, collapsed across expectation, of the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>9, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824784"], "description"=>"<p>Results are shown separately for individuals scoring below and above the median on the <i>UnEx</i> subscale of the <i>O-LIFE</i> (<i>N</i> = 94, error bars represent 1 SEM). Panel a plots the average reactions times to respond to all trails for the two subject groups at each spatial frequency band. Panel b plots the time to respond with a False Alarm (FA) and a Hit, and the average difference between the two for each subject (Difference) collapsed across spatial frequency.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103708, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Reaction_times_to_respond_to_the_i_Perception_Of_Meaning_i_task_in_Experiment_2_/3103708", "title"=>"Reaction times to respond to the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task in Experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824952"], "description"=>"<p>Summary of four hierarchical blockwise regression analyses (forced entry) for schizotypy measures and expectation predicting hit rates, false alarm rates, sensitivity (D') and response criterion (β) on the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task in Experiment 2 (<i>N</i> = 95).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103837, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Summary_of_four_hierarchical_blockwise_regression_analyses_forced_entry_for_schizotypy_measures_and_expectation_predicting_hit_rates_false_alarm_rates_sensitivity_D_and_response_criterion_on_the_i_Perception_Of_Meaning_i_task_in_Experiment_2_i_N_i_95_/3103837", "title"=>"Summary of four hierarchical blockwise regression analyses (forced entry) for schizotypy measures and expectation predicting hit rates, false alarm rates, sensitivity (D') and response criterion (β) on the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task in Experiment 2 (<i>N</i> = 95).", "pos_in_sequence"=>14, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4824739"], "description"=>"<p>Schematic diagram of the presentation sequence for a single trial during the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task used in Experiment 2.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["experiment", "image", "personality dimension", "Visual Stimuli Everyone", "subject", "schizotypy", "response bias"], "article_id"=>3103678, "categories"=>["Cell Biology", "Neuroscience", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Timea R. Partos", "Simon J. Cropper", "David Rawlings"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150615.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Schematic_diagram_of_the_presentation_sequence_for_a_single_trial_during_the_i_Perception_Of_Meaning_i_task_used_in_Experiment_2_/3103678", "title"=>"Schematic diagram of the presentation sequence for a single trial during the <i>Perception Of Meaning</i> task used in Experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-03-08 08:15:39"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"70", "full-text"=>"83", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"64", "full-text"=>"77", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"70", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"53", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"58", "full-text"=>"74", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"64", "full-text"=>"74", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"74", "full-text"=>"83", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"76", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"77", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"65", "full-text"=>"72", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"116", "full-text"=>"128", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"184", "full-text"=>"209", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts