The Effects of Plant Virus Infection on Polarization Reflection from Leaves
Publication Date
April 21, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Daniel J. Maxwell, Julian C. Partridge, Nicholas W. Roberts, Neil Boonham, et al
Volume
11
Issue
4
Pages
e0152836
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0152836
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27100188
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4839580
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/27100188
Scopus
84964587047
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-plant-virus-infection-polarization-reflection-leaves
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The effects of plant virus infection on polarization reflection from leaves", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daniel J.", "last_name"=>"Maxwell", "scopus_author_id"=>"57189003892"}, {"first_name"=>"Julian C.", "last_name"=>"Partridge", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102239784"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicholas W.", "last_name"=>"Roberts", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202129774"}, {"first_name"=>"Neil", "last_name"=>"Boonham", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701899830"}, {"first_name"=>"Gary D.", "last_name"=>"Foster", "scopus_author_id"=>"35236524200"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"610063601", "pmid"=>"27100188", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0152836", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84964587047", "sgr"=>"84964587047"}, "id"=>"64c7b9f7-6eaa-37f7-a95d-17bad2bb3aa8", "abstract"=>"Alteration of leaf surface phenotypes due to virus infection has the potential to affect the likelihood of colonisation by insect vectors, or to affect their feeding activities. The aim of this study was to investigate whether viruses that rely on insects for their transmission, and which can be sensitive to the polarization of light, affect the percentage polarization of light reflected from leaves. We also set out to discover whether a correlation exists between the expression of ECERIFERUM (CER) genes involved in cuticular wax synthesis and the polar-ization of the light reflected from the leaf surfaces. It was found that the aphid-vectored viruses Potato virus Y and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) caused significant reductions in the percentage polarization of light reflected from the abaxial surfaces of leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, whereas the non-insect-vectored viruses Tobacco mosaic virus and Pepino mosaic virus did not induce this effect. In Arabidopsis thaliana, there was little difference in the impacts of CMV and the non-insect-vectored Turnip vein clearing virus on polarization reflection, with both viruses increasing the percentage polarization of light reflected from the abaxial surfaces of leaves. There was a trend towards increased accumulation of CER6 transcripts in N. tabacum and A. thaliana when infected with aphid-vectored viruses. No sig-nificant effect of infection on trichome densities was found in A. thaliana, suggesting that alterations to the formation of cuticular waxes may be the more likely phenotypic change on the leaf surface contributing to the changes in polarization reflection. The possible impacts and adaptive significance of these effects with regard to viral transmission by insects are discussed.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-plant-virus-infection-polarization-reflection-leaves", "reader_count"=>27, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>4, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Unspecified"=>5, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Materials Science"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "Argentina"=>2}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4999120"], "description"=>"<p>Primer sequences used for qPCR experiments on <i>N</i>. <i>tabacum</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3194053, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Primer_sequences_used_for_qPCR_experiments_on_i_N_i_i_tabacum_i_/3194053", "title"=>"Primer sequences used for qPCR experiments on <i>N</i>. <i>tabacum</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>8, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4998949"], "description"=>"<p>The percentage polarization at each pixel is represented by colour, as shown in the scale bar.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3193897, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Example_false_colour_images_showing_the_percentage_polarization_of_light_reflected_from_healthy_TVCV_or_CMV_infected_leaves_of_i_A_i_i_thaliana_i_on_the_adaxial_or_abaxial_surfaces_at_21_days_post_inoculation_DPI_/3193897", "title"=>"Example false colour images showing the percentage polarization of light reflected from healthy, TVCV or CMV-infected leaves of <i>A</i>. <i>thaliana</i> on the adaxial or abaxial surfaces at 21 days post inoculation (DPI).", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4998874"], "description"=>"<p>Transcript levels of <i>CER3</i>, <i>CER5</i> and <i>CER6</i> in <i>N</i>. <i>tabacum</i> leaves systemically infected with TMV (A), PepMV (B), PVY (C) or CMV (D) at 7 DPI, expressed relative to transcript levels in healthy leaves (as Log<sub>2</sub> RQ). Error bars for each gene denote the standard error of the mean relative change in expression between healthy and infected samples (across the three biological replicates), asterisks indicate statistically significant differences between healthy and infected leaves (*<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3193837, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Effects_of_Plant_Virus_Infection_on_Polarization_Reflection_from_Leaves_Fig_3/3193837", "title"=>"The Effects of Plant Virus Infection on Polarization Reflection from Leaves - Fig 3", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4998742"], "description"=>"<p>Example false colour images showing the percentage polarization of blue channel light reflected from healthy, TMV, PepMV, PVY or CMV-infected leaves of <i>N</i>. <i>tabacum</i> on the adaxial (A) or abaxial (B) surfaces at 21 days post inoculation (DPI). The percentage polarization at each pixel is represented by colour, as shown in the scale bar.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3193741, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Effects_of_Plant_Virus_Infection_on_Polarization_Reflection_from_Leaves_Fig_1/3193741", "title"=>"The Effects of Plant Virus Infection on Polarization Reflection from Leaves - Fig 1", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4998988"], "description"=>"<p>Average percentage polarization of light reflected from the adaxial and abaxial surfaces of TVCV (A) or CMV (B) infected <i>A</i>. <i>thaliana</i> leaves, in comparison to healthy controls, in the blue and green channels. Error bars denote 95% confidence intervals; asterisks indicate statistically significant differences between healthy and infected leaves (** P<0.01). A total of 33 TVCV-infected leaves and 24 CMV-infected leaves (from separate plants) were analysed and compared to similar numbers of healthy leaves. All imaging experiments were performed at 21 DPI on systemically infected rosette leaves.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3193939, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Effects_of_Plant_Virus_Infection_on_Polarization_Reflection_from_Leaves_Fig_5/3193939", "title"=>"The Effects of Plant Virus Infection on Polarization Reflection from Leaves - Fig 5", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4999030"], "description"=>"<p>Transcript levels of <i>CER3</i>, <i>CER5</i>, <i>CER6</i>, <i>CER7</i>, <i>CER8</i> and <i>CER9</i> in <i>A</i>. <i>thaliana</i> leaves systemically infected with TVCV (A) or CMV (B) at 14 DPI, expressed relative to transcript levels in healthy leaves (as Log<sub>2</sub> RQ). Error bars for each gene denote the standard error of the mean relative change in expression between healthy and infected samples (across the three biological replicates), asterisks indicate statistically significant differences between healthy and infected leaves (*<0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3193972, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Effects_of_Plant_Virus_Infection_on_Polarization_Reflection_from_Leaves_Fig_6/3193972", "title"=>"The Effects of Plant Virus Infection on Polarization Reflection from Leaves - Fig 6", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4999072"], "description"=>"<p>Average trichome densities on the adaxial and abaxial surfaces of TVCV (A) or CMV (B) infected <i>A</i>. <i>thaliana</i> leaves, in comparison to healthy controls. Error bars denote 95% confidence intervals. A total of 24 TVCV-infected leaves and 24 CMV-infected leaves (from separate plants) were analysed at 21DPI and compared to equal numbers of healthy controls. There were no statistically significant differences between healthy and infected leaves.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3194005, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Effects_of_Plant_Virus_Infection_on_Polarization_Reflection_from_Leaves_Fig_7/3194005", "title"=>"The Effects of Plant Virus Infection on Polarization Reflection from Leaves - Fig 7", "pos_in_sequence"=>7, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4998799"], "description"=>"<p>Average percentage polarization of light reflected from the adaxial and abaxial surfaces of TMV (A), PepMV (B), PVY (C) and CMV (D) infected <i>N</i>. <i>tabacum</i> leaves in comparison to healthy control leaves, in blue and green channel light. Error bars denote 95% confidence intervals; asterisks indicate statistically significant differences between healthy and infected leaves (*<0.05; ***<0.001). A total of 27–33 leaves (with each leaf removed from a separate plant) were analysed within each of the four viral treatments, and were compared to similar numbers of healthy leaves. All imaging experiments were performed at 21 DPI.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3193786, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Effects_of_Plant_Virus_Infection_on_Polarization_Reflection_from_Leaves_Fig_2/3193786", "title"=>"The Effects of Plant Virus Infection on Polarization Reflection from Leaves - Fig 2", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4999171"], "description"=>"<p>Primer sequences used for qPCR experiments on <i>A</i>. <i>thaliana</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["CER 6 transcripts", "cuticular wax synthesis", "percentage polarization", "ECERIFERUM", "CMV", "Pepino mosaic virus", "abaxial surfaces", "Cucumber mosaic virus", "leaf surface phenotypes", "polarization reflection", "Plant Virus Infection"], "article_id"=>3194101, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Mental Health", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["Daniel J. Maxwell", "Julian C. Partridge", "Nicholas W. Roberts", "Neil Boonham", "Gary D. Foster"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152836.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Primer_sequences_used_for_qPCR_experiments_on_i_A_i_i_thaliana_i_/3194101", "title"=>"Primer sequences used for qPCR experiments on <i>A</i>. <i>thaliana</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>9, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-21 05:50:26"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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