Buffering and Amplifying Interactions among OAW (Ocean Acidification & Warming) and Nutrient Enrichment on Early Life-Stage Fucus vesiculosus L. (Phaeophyceae) and Their Carry Over Effects to Hypoxia Impact
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{"title"=>"Buffering and amplifying interactions among OAW (ocean acidification & warming) and nutrient enrichment on early life-stage Fucus vesiculosus L. (phaeophyceae) and their carry over effects to hypoxia impact", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Balsam", "last_name"=>"Al-Janabi", "scopus_author_id"=>"56480675000"}, {"first_name"=>"Inken", "last_name"=>"Kruse", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003811825"}, {"first_name"=>"Angelika", "last_name"=>"Graiff", "scopus_author_id"=>"55659418300"}, {"first_name"=>"Vera", "last_name"=>"Winde", "scopus_author_id"=>"54953306500"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark", "last_name"=>"Lenz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101846929"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Wahl", "scopus_author_id"=>"35265364400"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84962920563", "sgr"=>"84962920563", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0152948", "pmid"=>"27043710", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"609632717"}, "id"=>"95805fe6-20e8-3ab7-a03f-a040a255bc1d", "abstract"=>"urvival and/or growth of Fucus germlings. This result emphasizes the need to consider combined stress effOcean acidification and warming (OAW) are occrophication and warming. In the semi-enclosed brackish Baltic Sea, occasional upwelling in late summer and autumn may expose even shallow-water communities including the macroalga Fucus vesiculosus to particularly acidified, nutrient-rich and oxygen-poor water bodies. During summer 2014 (July-September) sibling groups of early life-stage F. vesiculosus were exposed to OAW in the presence and absence of enhanced nutrient levels and, subsequently to a single upwelling event in a near-natural scenario which included all environmental fluctuations in the Kiel Fjord, southwestern Baltic Sea, Germany (54°27 ´N, 10°11 ´W). We strove to elucidate the single and combined impacts of these potential stressors, and how stress sensitivity varies among genetically different sibling groups. Enhanced by a circumstantial natural heat wave, warming and acidification increased mortalities and reduced growth in F. vesiculosus germlings. This impact, however, was mitigated by enhanced nutrient conditions. Survival under OAW conditions strongly varied among sibling groups hinting at a substantial adaptive potential of the natural Fucus populations in the Western Baltic. A three-day experimental upwelling caused severe mortality of Fucus germlings, which was substantially more severe in those sibling groups which previously had been exposed to OAW. Our results show that global (OAW), regional (nutrient enrichment) and local pressures (upwelling), both alone and co-occurring may have synergistic and antagonistic effects on urring globally. Additionally, at a more local scale the spreading of hypoxic conditions is promoted by eutsects.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/buffering-amplifying-interactions-among-oaw-ocean-acidification-warming-nutrient-enrichment-early-li", "reader_count"=>36, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20, "Chemistry"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>20}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914718"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Growth (% d<sup>-1</sup>) and (B) survival (%) (mean +SD, n = 3, 8–9 weeks) during summer 2014 at the four treatment levels OAW-N-, OAW-N+, OAW+N-, OAW+N+. Means were calculated from 16 sibling groups for each treatment ‘OAW’ and ‘Nutrient’ treatment combination. Different letters above the bars indicate significant differences (p-value < 0.05) between the treatments after Tukey’s HSD.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154816, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Growth_and_survival_of_i_F_i_i_vesiculosus_i_germlings_during_the_OAW_x_nutrient_experiment_/3154816", "title"=>"Growth and survival of <i>F</i>. <i>vesiculosus</i> germlings during the OAW x nutrient experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914721"], "description"=>"<p>Log effect ratios (mean ± 95% confidence intervals, n = 3) of (A) OAW effects were calculated as log (growth OAW+/ growth OAW-) under ambient and high nutrient conditions (N-, N+) and (B) log effect ratios for nutrient effects calculated as log (growth N+/ growth N-) at ambient and high OAW (OAW-, OAW+).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154819, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Log_effect_ratios_of_growth_in_16_sibling_groups_during_the_OAW_x_nutrient_experiment_/3154819", "title"=>"Log effect ratios of growth in 16 sibling groups during the OAW x nutrient experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914724"], "description"=>"<p>Log effect ratios (mean ± 95% confidence intervals, n = 3) of (A) OAW effects were calculated as log (survival OAW+/ survival OAW-) under ambient and high nutrient conditions (N-, N+); (B) log effect ratios for nutrient effects were calculated as log (survival N+/ survival N-) at ambient and high OAW (OAW-, OAW+).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154822, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Log_effect_ratios_of_survival_in_16_sibling_groups_during_the_OAW_x_nutrient_experiment_/3154822", "title"=>"Log effect ratios of survival in 16 sibling groups during the OAW x nutrient experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914727"], "description"=>"<p>Survival (%, mean +SD, n = 3) in 16 sibling groups of <i>F</i>. <i>vesiculosus</i> germlings previously treated under the four treatment combinations of the OAW x nutrient experiment: OAW-N-, OAW-N+, OAW+ N-, OAW+N+. Different letters above the bars indicate significant differences (p-value < 0.05) between the treatments after Tukey’s HSD.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154825, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Survival_of_i_F_i_i_vesiculosus_i_germlings_after_3_days_of_hypoxic_upwelling_/3154825", "title"=>"Survival of <i>F</i>. <i>vesiculosus</i> germlings after 3 days of hypoxic upwelling.", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914730"], "description"=>"<p>“Ambient” nutrient concentrations of PO<sub>4</sub>, NO<sub>2</sub>, NO<sub>3</sub> (μmol L<sup>-1</sup>) for the respective summer months and “future” nutrient concentrations (μmol L<sup>-1</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154828, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Nutrient_concentration_under_ambient_and_future_conditions_/3154828", "title"=>"Nutrient concentration under ambient and future conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>7, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914733"], "description"=>"<p>Results from split-plot ANOVA with the fixed factors ‘OAW’ and ‘Nutrients’ and the random factors ‘Mesocosm’ and ‘Sibling group’. Effects are shown for (A) growth rates (% d<sup>-1</sup>) and (B) survival during the OAW x nutrient experiment and (C) survival during the upwelling experiment. Df: degrees of freedom, SS: sums of squares and MS: mean squares. ‘Den. Syn. Error df’ and ‘Den. Syn. Error MS’ describe the denominator synthesis of degrees of freedom and mean squares, respectively. (Datasets of area and growth values can be found in the PANGAEA dataset).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154831, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/OAW_and_nutrients_effects_on_growth_and_survival_/3154831", "title"=>"OAW and nutrients effects on growth and survival.", "pos_in_sequence"=>8, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914736"], "description"=>"<p>Split-plot ANOVA with the fixed factor ‘Nutrient’ and the random factors ‘Mesocosm’ and ‘Sibling group’. Effects of the nutrient treatment were analysed for (A) the carbon content (% DW), (B) the nitrogen content (% DW) and (C) the CN ratio. Df: degrees of freedom, SS: sums of squares and MS: mean squares. ‘Den. Syn. Error df’ and ‘Den. Syn. Error MS’ describe the denominator synthesis of degrees of freedom and mean squares, respectively.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154834, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Nutrient_effect_on_carbon_and_nitrogen_content_DW_and_on_the_CN_ratio_/3154834", "title"=>"Nutrient effect on carbon and nitrogen content (% DW) and on the CN ratio.", "pos_in_sequence"=>9, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914712"], "description"=>"<div><p>Ocean acidification and warming (OAW) are occurring globally. Additionally, at a more local scale the spreading of hypoxic conditions is promoted by eutrophication and warming. In the semi-enclosed brackish Baltic Sea, occasional upwelling in late summer and autumn may expose even shallow-water communities including the macroalga <i>Fucus vesiculosus</i> to particularly acidified, nutrient-rich and oxygen-poor water bodies. During summer 2014 (July–September) sibling groups of early life-stage <i>F</i>. <i>vesiculosus</i> were exposed to OAW in the presence and absence of enhanced nutrient levels and, subsequently to a single upwelling event in a near-natural scenario which included all environmental fluctuations in the Kiel Fjord, southwestern Baltic Sea, Germany (54°27 ´N, 10°11 ´W). We strove to elucidate the single and combined impacts of these potential stressors, and how stress sensitivity varies among genetically different sibling groups. Enhanced by a circumstantial natural heat wave, warming and acidification increased mortalities and reduced growth in <i>F</i>. <i>vesiculosus</i> germlings. This impact, however, was mitigated by enhanced nutrient conditions. Survival under OAW conditions strongly varied among sibling groups hinting at a substantial adaptive potential of the natural <i>Fucus</i> populations in the Western Baltic. A three-day experimental upwelling caused severe mortality of <i>Fucus</i> germlings, which was substantially more severe in those sibling groups which previously had been exposed to OAW. Our results show that global (OAW), regional (nutrient enrichment) and local pressures (upwelling), both alone and co-occurring may have synergistic and antagonistic effects on survival and/or growth of <i>Fucus</i> germlings. This result emphasizes the need to consider combined stress effects.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154810, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Buffering_and_Amplifying_Interactions_among_OAW_Ocean_Acidification_Warming_and_Nutrient_Enrichment_on_Early_Life_Stage_i_Fucus_vesiculosus_i_L_Phaeophyceae_and_Their_Carry_Over_Effects_to_Hypoxia_Impact/3154810", "title"=>"Buffering and Amplifying Interactions among OAW (Ocean Acidification & Warming) and Nutrient Enrichment on Early Life-Stage <i>Fucus vesiculosus</i> L. (Phaeophyceae) and Their Carry Over Effects to Hypoxia Impact", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4914715"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Temperature (°C), (<b>B</b>) pH (NBS, National Bureau of Standards) under the two treatment combinations ambient (OAW-), warmed and acidified (OAW+) and (<b>C</b>) salinity (psu) at the ambient treatment (OAW-). Data are the mean ±SD of three replicates in each treatment combination.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["OAW", "Fucus germlings", "Hypoxia Impact Ocean acidification", "upwelling", "sibling groups", "Baltic Sea", "macroalga Fucus vesiculosus", "warming"], "article_id"=>3154813, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Balsam Al-Janabi", "Inken Kruse", "Angelika Graiff", "Vera Winde", "Mark Lenz", "Martin Wahl"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152948.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Temperature_pH_and_salinity_during_the_OAW_x_nutrient_experiment_/3154813", "title"=>"Temperature, pH and salinity during the OAW x nutrient experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-04 12:55:16"}

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{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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