Cuticle Thickening in a Pyrethroid-Resistant Strain of the Common Bed Bug, Cimex lectularius L. (Hemiptera: Cimicidae)
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{"title"=>"Cuticle thickening in a pyrethroid-resistant strain of the common bed bug, cimex lectularius l. (hemiptera: Cimicidae)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"David G.", "last_name"=>"Lilly", "scopus_author_id"=>"56002980100"}, {"first_name"=>"Sharissa L.", "last_name"=>"Latham", "scopus_author_id"=>"55553452600"}, {"first_name"=>"Cameron E.", "last_name"=>"Webb", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202858132"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephen L.", "last_name"=>"Doggett", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701496020"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"609839772", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0153302", "sgr"=>"84963762032", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"27073871", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84963762032"}, "id"=>"da2f9e69-8c01-3bf9-902f-592a6f1b7463", "abstract"=>"Thickening of the integument as a mechanism of resistance to insecticides is a well recog-nised phenomenon in the insect world and, in recent times, has been found in insects exhib-iting pyrethroid-resistance. Resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius L., is widespread and has been frequently inferred as a reason for the pest's resurgence. Overexpression of cuticle depositing proteins has been demonstrated in pyrethroid-resistant bed bugs although, to date, no morphological analysis of the cuticle has been undertaken in order to confirm a phenotypic link. This paper describes examination of the cuticle thickness of a highly pyrethroid-resistant field strain collected in Sydney, Austra-lia, in response to time-to-knockdown upon forced exposure to a pyrethroid insecticide. Mean cuticle thickness was positively correlated to time-to-knockdown, with significant dif-ferences observed between bugs knocked-down at 2 hours, 4 hours, and those still unaf-fected at 24 hours. Further analysis also demonstrated that the 24 hours survivors possessed a statistically significantly thicker cuticle when compared to a pyrethroid-suscep-tible strain of C. lectularius. This study demonstrates that cuticle thickening is present within a pyrethroid-resistant strain of C. lectularius and that, even within a stable resistant strain, cuticle thickness will vary according to time-to-knockdown upon exposure to an insecticide. This response should thus be considered in future studies on the cuticle of insecticide-resis-tant bed bugs and, potentially, other insects.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cuticle-thickening-pyrethroidresistant-strain-common-bed-bug-cimex-lectularius-l-hemiptera-cimicidae", "reader_count"=>43, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Other"=>4, "Student > Master"=>6, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1, "Madagascar"=>1, "Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4946551"], "description"=>"<p>Positive correlation of time-to-knockdown to mean cuticle thickness of Parramatta strain <i>Cimex lectularius</i> (n = 10 per response group) upon continuous forced-exposure to wet residues of 20 mL/L Demand Insecticide<sup>®</sup> (25 g/L lambda-cyhalothrin).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["strain", "insecticide", "Cimex lectularius L", "cuticle thickness", "24 hours survivors", "bug", "Common Bed Bug"], "article_id"=>3176842, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Hematology", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["David G. Lilly", "Sharissa L. Latham", "Cameron E. Webb", "Stephen L. Doggett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153302.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Positive_correlation_of_time_to_knockdown_to_mean_cuticle_thickness_of_Parramatta_strain_i_Cimex_lectularius_i_n_10_per_response_group_upon_continuous_forced_exposure_to_wet_residues_of_20_mL_L_Demand_Insecticide_sup_sup_25_g_L_lambda_cyhalothrin_/3176842", "title"=>"Positive correlation of time-to-knockdown to mean cuticle thickness of Parramatta strain <i>Cimex lectularius</i> (n = 10 per response group) upon continuous forced-exposure to wet residues of 20 mL/L Demand Insecticide<sup>®</sup> (25 g/L lambda-cyhalothrin).", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-13 05:51:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4946443"], "description"=>"<p>Knockdown (% ± S.E, n = 160) over time (minutes) of Parramatta strain <i>Cimex lectularius</i> upon forced exposure to wet residues of 20 mL/L Demand Insecticide<sup>®</sup> (25 g/L lambda-cyhalothrin).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["strain", "insecticide", "Cimex lectularius L", "cuticle thickness", "24 hours survivors", "bug", "Common Bed Bug"], "article_id"=>3176779, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Hematology", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["David G. Lilly", "Sharissa L. Latham", "Cameron E. Webb", "Stephen L. Doggett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153302.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Knockdown_S_E_n_160_over_time_minutes_of_Parramatta_strain_i_Cimex_lectularius_i_upon_forced_exposure_to_wet_residues_of_20_mL_L_Demand_Insecticide_sup_sup_25_g_L_lambda_cyhalothrin_/3176779", "title"=>"Knockdown (% ± S.E, n = 160) over time (minutes) of Parramatta strain <i>Cimex lectularius</i> upon forced exposure to wet residues of 20 mL/L Demand Insecticide<sup>®</sup> (25 g/L lambda-cyhalothrin).", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-13 05:51:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4946605"], "description"=>"<p>Asterisks (*) indicate statistical significance (p < 0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["strain", "insecticide", "Cimex lectularius L", "cuticle thickness", "24 hours survivors", "bug", "Common Bed Bug"], "article_id"=>3176884, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Hematology", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["David G. Lilly", "Sharissa L. Latham", "Cameron E. Webb", "Stephen L. Doggett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153302.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Mean_cuticle_thickness_m_S_E_of_Monheim_susceptible_n_10_and_Parramatta_resistant_n_10_i_Cimex_lectularius_i_/3176884", "title"=>"Mean cuticle thickness (μm ± S.E) of Monheim susceptible (n = 10) and Parramatta resistant (n = 10) <i>Cimex lectularius</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-13 05:51:11"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4946416"], "description"=>"<p>Letters denote measurements of: a = 9.15 μm, b = 9.82 μm, c = 10.25 μm, d = 7.91 μm, e = 7.16 μm, f = 8.42 μm, g = 8.02 μm, h = 8.41 μm, k = 10.12 μm, m = 8.82 μm, n = 8.31 μm, o = 8.09 μm [i, j and l not included for purpose of legibility].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["strain", "insecticide", "Cimex lectularius L", "cuticle thickness", "24 hours survivors", "bug", "Common Bed Bug"], "article_id"=>3176749, "categories"=>["Microbiology", "Cell Biology", "Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Chemical Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Hematology", "Infectious Diseases", "Plant Biology", "Virology"], "users"=>["David G. Lilly", "Sharissa L. Latham", "Cameron E. Webb", "Stephen L. Doggett"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153302.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Transverse_section_of_i_Cimex_lectularius_i_Parramatta_strain_middle_leg_tibia_and_example_of_twelve_point_to_point_cuticle_measurements_methodology_/3176749", "title"=>"Transverse section of <i>Cimex lectularius</i> (Parramatta strain) middle leg tibia and example of twelve point-to-point cuticle measurements methodology.", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-13 05:51:11"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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