Lifetime Smoking History and Cause-Specific Mortality in a Cohort Study with 43 Years of Follow-Up
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Lifetime smoking history and cause-specific mortality in a cohort study with 43 years of Follow-up", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Niloofar", "last_name"=>"Taghizadeh", "scopus_author_id"=>"56190609300"}, {"first_name"=>"Judith M.", "last_name"=>"Vonk", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006334144"}, {"first_name"=>"H. Marike", "last_name"=>"Boezen", "scopus_author_id"=>"55348045900"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84963811412", "sgr"=>"84963811412", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0153310", "pmid"=>"27055053", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"609703284"}, "id"=>"08c9a196-c7f3-3310-bc95-26ef13d2bef6", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: In general, smoking increases the risk of mortality. However, it is less clear how the relative risk varies by cause of death. The exact impact of changes in smoking habits throughout life on different mortality risks is less studied.\\n\\nMETHODS: We studied the impact of baseline and lifetime smoking habits, and duration of smoking on the risk of all-cause mortality, mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), any cancer and of the four most common types of cancer (lung, colorectal, prostate, and breast cancer) in a cohort study (Vlagtwedde-Vlaardingen 1965-1990, with a follow-up on mortality status until 2009, n = 8,645). We used Cox regression models adjusted for age, BMI, sex, and place of residence. Since previous studies suggested a potential effect modification of sex, we additionally stratified by sex and tested for interactions. In addition, to determine which cause of death carried the highest risk we performed competing-risk analyses on mortality due to CVD, cancer, COPD and other causes.\\n\\nRESULTS: Current smoking (light, moderate, and heavy cigarette smoking) and lifetime persistent smoking were associated with an increased risk of all-cause, CVD, COPD, any cancer, and lung cancer mortality. Higher numbers of pack years at baseline were associated with an increased risk of all-cause, CVD, COPD, any cancer, lung, colorectal, and prostate cancer mortality. Males who were lifetime persistent pipe/cigar smokers had a higher risk of lung cancer [HR (95% CI) = 7.72 (1.72-34.75)] as well as all-cause and any cancer mortality. A longer duration of smoking was associated with a higher risk of COPD, any and lung cancer [HR (95% CI) = 1.06 (1.00-1.12), 1.03 (1.00-1.06) and 1.10 (1.03-1.17) respectively], but not with other mortality causes. The competing risk analyses showed that ex- and current smokers had a higher risk of cancer, CVD, and COPD mortality compared to all other mortality causes. In addition, heavy smokers had a higher risk for COPD mortality compared to cancer, and CVD mortality.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: Our study indicates that lifetime numbers of cigarettes smoked and the duration of smoking have different impacts for different causes of mortality. Moreover, our findings emphasize the importance of smoking-related competing risks when studying the smoking-related cancer mortality in a general population and that smoking cessation immediately effectively reduces the risk of all-cause and any cancer mortality.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/lifetime-smoking-history-causespecific-mortality-cohort-study-43-years-followup-3", "reader_count"=>32, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>17, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>17}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84963811412"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84963811412?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84963811412&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84963811412&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84963811412", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84963811412", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84963811412", "dc:title"=>"Lifetime smoking history and cause-specific mortality in a cohort study with 43 years of Follow-up", "dc:creator"=>"Taghizadeh N.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"11", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"4", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2016-04-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"1 April 2016", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0153310", "citedby-count"=>"19", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen", "affiliation-city"=>"Groningen", "affiliation-country"=>"Netherlands"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Calgary", "affiliation-city"=>"Calgary", "affiliation-country"=>"Canada"}], "pubmed-id"=>"27055053", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0153310", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0153310", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>3, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>4}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"139", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"749"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"163"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"416"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"199"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927744"], "description"=>"<p>Characteristics at baseline in the general population of Vlagtwedde-Vlaardingen, stratified by vital status after 40 years of follow-up (n = 8465).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prostate cancer mortality", "cancer mortality", "lifetime Smoking History", "HR", "mortality causes", "BMI", "lifetime smoking habits", "COPD mortality", "Cox regression models", "CI", "CVD", "lung cancer mortality", "lung cancer"], "article_id"=>3164386, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Niloofar Taghizadeh", "Judith M. Vonk", "H. Marike Boezen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Characteristics_at_baseline_in_the_general_population_of_Vlagtwedde_Vlaardingen_stratified_by_vital_status_after_40_years_of_follow_up_n_8465_/3164386", "title"=>"Characteristics at baseline in the general population of Vlagtwedde-Vlaardingen, stratified by vital status after 40 years of follow-up (n = 8465).", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-07 05:15:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927636", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927645", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927669", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927684", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927690", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927696", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927705", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927714"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>In general, smoking increases the risk of mortality. However, it is less clear how the relative risk varies by cause of death. The exact impact of changes in smoking habits throughout life on different mortality risks is less studied.</p><p>Methods</p><p>We studied the impact of baseline and lifetime smoking habits, and duration of smoking on the risk of all-cause mortality, mortality of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), any cancer and of the four most common types of cancer (lung, colorectal, prostate, and breast cancer) in a cohort study (Vlagtwedde-Vlaardingen 1965–1990, with a follow-up on mortality status until 2009, n = 8,645). We used Cox regression models adjusted for age, BMI, sex, and place of residence. Since previous studies suggested a potential effect modification of sex, we additionally stratified by sex and tested for interactions. In addition, to determine which cause of death carried the highest risk we performed competing-risk analyses on mortality due to CVD, cancer, COPD and other causes.</p><p>Results</p><p>Current smoking (light, moderate, and heavy cigarette smoking) and lifetime persistent smoking were associated with an increased risk of all-cause, CVD, COPD, any cancer, and lung cancer mortality. Higher numbers of pack years at baseline were associated with an increased risk of all-cause, CVD, COPD, any cancer, lung, colorectal, and prostate cancer mortality. Males who were lifetime persistent pipe/cigar smokers had a higher risk of lung cancer [HR (95% CI) = 7.72 (1.72–34.75)] as well as all-cause and any cancer mortality. A longer duration of smoking was associated with a higher risk of COPD, any and lung cancer [HR (95% CI) = 1.06 (1.00–1.12), 1.03 (1.00–1.06) and 1.10 (1.03–1.17) respectively], but not with other mortality causes. The competing risk analyses showed that ex- and current smokers had a higher risk of cancer, CVD, and COPD mortality compared to all other mortality causes. In addition, heavy smokers had a higher risk for COPD mortality compared to cancer, and CVD mortality.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>Our study indicates that lifetime numbers of cigarettes smoked and the duration of smoking have different impacts for different causes of mortality. Moreover, our findings emphasize the importance of smoking-related competing risks when studying the smoking-related cancer mortality in a general population and that smoking cessation immediately effectively reduces the risk of all-cause and any cancer mortality.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prostate cancer mortality", "cancer mortality", "lifetime Smoking History", "HR", "mortality causes", "BMI", "lifetime smoking habits", "COPD mortality", "Cox regression models", "CI", "CVD", "lung cancer mortality", "lung cancer"], "article_id"=>3164308, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Niloofar Taghizadeh", "Judith M. Vonk", "H. Marike Boezen"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.s008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Lifetime_Smoking_History_and_Cause_Specific_Mortality_in_a_Cohort_Study_with_43_Years_of_Follow_Up/3164308", "title"=>"Lifetime Smoking History and Cause-Specific Mortality in a Cohort Study with 43 Years of Follow-Up", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-04-07 05:15:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927768"], "description"=>"<p>Hazard ratio (with 95% confidence interval) of smoking habits at baseline for mortality from all-causes, CVD, COPD, any and specific types of cancer, among all 7074 subjects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prostate cancer mortality", "cancer mortality", "lifetime Smoking History", "HR", "mortality causes", "BMI", "lifetime smoking habits", "COPD mortality", "Cox regression models", "CI", "CVD", "lung cancer mortality", "lung cancer"], "article_id"=>3164422, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Niloofar Taghizadeh", "Judith M. Vonk", "H. Marike Boezen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Hazard_ratio_with_95_confidence_interval_of_smoking_habits_at_baseline_for_mortality_from_all_causes_CVD_COPD_any_and_specific_types_of_cancer_among_all_7074_subjects_/3164422", "title"=>"Hazard ratio (with 95% confidence interval) of smoking habits at baseline for mortality from all-causes, CVD, COPD, any and specific types of cancer, among all 7074 subjects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-07 05:15:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927810"], "description"=>"<p>Hazard ratio (with 95% confidence interval) of lifetime smoking habits for mortality from all causes, CVD, COPD, any and specific types of cancer among all 3925 subjects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prostate cancer mortality", "cancer mortality", "lifetime Smoking History", "HR", "mortality causes", "BMI", "lifetime smoking habits", "COPD mortality", "Cox regression models", "CI", "CVD", "lung cancer mortality", "lung cancer"], "article_id"=>3164455, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Niloofar Taghizadeh", "Judith M. Vonk", "H. Marike Boezen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Hazard_ratio_with_95_confidence_interval_of_lifetime_smoking_habits_for_mortality_from_all_causes_CVD_COPD_any_and_specific_types_of_cancer_among_all_3925_subjects_/3164455", "title"=>"Hazard ratio (with 95% confidence interval) of lifetime smoking habits for mortality from all causes, CVD, COPD, any and specific types of cancer among all 3925 subjects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-07 05:15:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927825"], "description"=>"<p>Hazard ratio (with 95% confidence interval) of smoking habits including pipe/cigar smoking for mortality from all causes, CVD, COPD, any and specific types of cancer, among 3480 males for the analyses on baseline and among 2067 males for the analyses on lifetime smoking habits.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prostate cancer mortality", "cancer mortality", "lifetime Smoking History", "HR", "mortality causes", "BMI", "lifetime smoking habits", "COPD mortality", "Cox regression models", "CI", "CVD", "lung cancer mortality", "lung cancer"], "article_id"=>3164473, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Niloofar Taghizadeh", "Judith M. Vonk", "H. Marike Boezen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Hazard_ratio_with_95_confidence_interval_of_smoking_habits_including_pipe_cigar_smoking_for_mortality_from_all_causes_CVD_COPD_any_and_specific_types_of_cancer_among_3480_males_for_the_analyses_on_baseline_and_among_2067_males_for_the_analyses_on_lifetime/3164473", "title"=>"Hazard ratio (with 95% confidence interval) of smoking habits including pipe/cigar smoking for mortality from all causes, CVD, COPD, any and specific types of cancer, among 3480 males for the analyses on baseline and among 2067 males for the analyses on lifetime smoking habits.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-07 05:15:35"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4927849"], "description"=>"<p>Hazard ratio (with 95% confidence interval) of duration of smoking and of duration of smoking cessation for mortality from all causes, CVD, COPD, and any specific types of cancer.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["prostate cancer mortality", "cancer mortality", "lifetime Smoking History", "HR", "mortality causes", "BMI", "lifetime smoking habits", "COPD mortality", "Cox regression models", "CI", "CVD", "lung cancer mortality", "lung cancer"], "article_id"=>3164494, "categories"=>["Medicine", "Biotechnology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Cancer"], "users"=>["Niloofar Taghizadeh", "Judith M. Vonk", "H. Marike Boezen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153310.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Hazard_ratio_with_95_confidence_interval_of_duration_of_smoking_and_of_duration_of_smoking_cessation_for_mortality_from_all_causes_CVD_COPD_and_any_specific_types_of_cancer_/3164494", "title"=>"Hazard ratio (with 95% confidence interval) of duration of smoking and of duration of smoking cessation for mortality from all causes, CVD, COPD, and any specific types of cancer.", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-07 05:15:35"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"58", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"33", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"79", "pdf"=>"33", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"67", "full-text"=>"91", "pdf"=>"36", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"60", "full-text"=>"61", "pdf"=>"30", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"56", "full-text"=>"71", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"50", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"50", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"11", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"35", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts