Impact of the Phoretic Phase on Reproduction and Damage Caused by Varroa destructor (Anderson and Trueman) to Its Host, the European Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.)
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Impact of the phoretic phase on reproduction and damage caused by varroa destructor (Anderson and Trueman) to its host, the european honey bee (Apis mellifera L.)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Vincent", "last_name"=>"Piou", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190305066"}, {"first_name"=>"Jérémy", "last_name"=>"Tabart", "scopus_author_id"=>"57128122000"}, {"first_name"=>"Virginie", "last_name"=>"Urrutia", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190307582"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Louis", "last_name"=>"Hemptinne", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603737430"}, {"first_name"=>"Angélique", "last_name"=>"Vétillard", "scopus_author_id"=>"56541521100"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84978945727", "pmid"=>"27096154", "pui"=>"611092701", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84978945727", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0153482", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"ae5de1d8-297b-36ed-a9cf-a02e8fa0e01c", "abstract"=>"Varroa destructor is a parasitic mite of the honeybee that causes thousands of colony losses worldwide. The parasite cycle is composed of a phoretic and a reproductive phase. During the former, mites stay on adult bees, mostly on nurses, to feed on hemolymph. During the latter, the parasites enter brood cells and reproduce. We investigated if the type of bees on which Varroa stays during the phoretic phase and if the duration of this stay influenced the reproductive success of the parasite and the damage caused to bees. For that purpose, we used an in vitro rearing method developed in our laboratory to assess egg laying rate and the presence and number of fully molted daughters. The expression level of two Varroa vitellogenin genes (VdVg1 and VdVg2), known to vary throughout reproduction, was also quantified. Results showed that the status of the bees or time spent during the phoretic phase impacts neither reproduction parameters nor the Varroa vitellogenin genes levels of expression. However, we correlated these parameters to the gene expression and demonstrated that daughters expressed the vitellogenin genes at lower levels than their mother. Regarding the damage to bees, the data indicated that a longer stay on adult bees during the phoretic phase resulted in more frequent physical deformity in newborn bees. We showed that those mites carry more viral loads of the Deformed Wing Virus and hence trigger more frequently overt infections. This study provides new perspectives towards a better understanding of the Varroa-honeybee interactions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/impact-phoretic-phase-reproduction-damage-caused-varroa-destructor-anderson-trueman-host-european-ho", "reader_count"=>29, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>10, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>21}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84978945727"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84978945727?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84978945727&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84978945727&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84978945727", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84978945727", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84978945727", "dc:title"=>"Impact of the phoretic phase on reproduction and damage caused by varroa destructor (Anderson and Trueman) to its host, the european honey bee (Apis mellifera L.)", "dc:creator"=>"Piou V.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"11", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"4", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2016-04-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"April 2016", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0153482", "citedby-count"=>"9", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Institut National Universitaire Champollion", "affiliation-city"=>"Albi", "affiliation-country"=>"France"}], "pubmed-id"=>"27096154", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0153482", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true, "freetoread"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"all"}, {"$"=>"publisherfullgold"}, {"$"=>"repository"}, {"$"=>"repositoryvor"}, {"$"=>"repositoryam"}]}, "freetoreadLabel"=>{"value"=>[{"$"=>"All Open Access"}, {"$"=>"Gold"}, {"$"=>"Green"}]}}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0153482", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"67", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"164"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"120"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"140"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"232"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4995886"], "description"=>"<p>Numbers correspond to frequencies of observation, with the exception of fully molted daughters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phoretic phase impacts", "European Honey Bee", "adult bees", "parasite", "phoretic phase", "Deformed Wing Virus", "mite", "Varroa vitellogenin genes levels", "expression", "Varroa vitellogenin genes"], "article_id"=>3191794, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Vincent Piou", "Jérémy Tabart", "Virginie Urrutia", "Jean-Louis Hemptinne", "Angélique Vétillard"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153482.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Survival_of_the_bees_and_reproductive_parameters_of_the_i_Varroa_i_and_comparison_with_previous_i_in_vitro_i_or_i_in_naturae_i_studies_/3191794", "title"=>"Survival of the bees and reproductive parameters of the <i>Varroa</i>, and comparison with previous <i>in vitro</i> or <i>in naturae</i> studies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>7, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-20 05:34:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4995625"], "description"=>"<p>Mites experience a different phoretic phase and are then transferred onto spinning larvae to pursue their reproductive cycle in laboratory conditions. Numbers correspond to the moments when mites were sampled to conduct molecular analyses: (i) before the beginning of the phoretic phase; (ii) immediately after the phoretic phase; (iii) three days after the transfer on spinning larvae, at which point the bee is in the last stage of the pharate pupal (or prepupal) period (PP3); (iv) ten days after the transfer on spinning larvae corresponding to the medium pigmented body pupal stage (<i>pbm</i>) for the bees; (v) at the emergence of the bee.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phoretic phase impacts", "European Honey Bee", "adult bees", "parasite", "phoretic phase", "Deformed Wing Virus", "mite", "Varroa vitellogenin genes levels", "expression", "Varroa vitellogenin genes"], "article_id"=>3191554, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Vincent Piou", "Jérémy Tabart", "Virginie Urrutia", "Jean-Louis Hemptinne", "Angélique Vétillard"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153482.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Schematic_representation_of_the_experimental_design_applied_to_the_three_hives_/3191554", "title"=>"Schematic representation of the experimental design applied to the three hives.", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-20 05:34:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4995820"], "description"=>"<p>A) Proportion of emerging bees with malformations in relation to the phoretic conditions of the <i>Varroa</i> they have been parasitized with. Mites that had longer phoretic phase lead to more deformations. Letters shows significant differences analyzed by a GLM model (p<0.001). B) Examples of the most common deformities observed in emerging honeybees: i) atrophy of wings pigmentation anomaly; ii) deformity of wings; iii) atrophy of wings, dark pigmentation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phoretic phase impacts", "European Honey Bee", "adult bees", "parasite", "phoretic phase", "Deformed Wing Virus", "mite", "Varroa vitellogenin genes levels", "expression", "Varroa vitellogenin genes"], "article_id"=>3191731, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Vincent Piou", "Jérémy Tabart", "Virginie Urrutia", "Jean-Louis Hemptinne", "Angélique Vétillard"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153482.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Malformation_of_bees_in_relation_with_the_phoretic_treatment_/3191731", "title"=>"Malformation of bees in relation with the phoretic treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-20 05:34:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4995853"], "description"=>"<p>A) In mites sampled on newborn bees in relation to the presence of malformation of the bee (p-value from a Mann Whitney-Wolcoxon test). <b>B)</b> In all mites in relation to the previous phoretic experience of these mites. Significant differences from the ANOVA models and post hoc comparisons are indicated with letters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phoretic phase impacts", "European Honey Bee", "adult bees", "parasite", "phoretic phase", "Deformed Wing Virus", "mite", "Varroa vitellogenin genes levels", "expression", "Varroa vitellogenin genes"], "article_id"=>3191764, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Vincent Piou", "Jérémy Tabart", "Virginie Urrutia", "Jean-Louis Hemptinne", "Angélique Vétillard"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153482.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Log_transformed_absolute_quantification_of_Deformed_Wing_Virus_normalized_by_the_expression_of_Actin_/3191764", "title"=>"Log-transformed absolute quantification of Deformed Wing Virus (normalized by the expression of Actin).", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-20 05:34:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4995682"], "description"=>"<p>A) Oviposition proportion and percentage of cells with at least one mature daughter per foraging condition. Bars show the overall rate ± IC95 (not significant). B) Mean numbers of fully molted daughters in relation to the emergence success of the bee. Mean±SE Non molted (n = 11), imago stage (n = 113).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phoretic phase impacts", "European Honey Bee", "adult bees", "parasite", "phoretic phase", "Deformed Wing Virus", "mite", "Varroa vitellogenin genes levels", "expression", "Varroa vitellogenin genes"], "article_id"=>3191596, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Vincent Piou", "Jérémy Tabart", "Virginie Urrutia", "Jean-Louis Hemptinne", "Angélique Vétillard"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153482.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Reproductive_parameters_of_mites_in_relation_to_the_treatment_and_emergence_success_of_the_bee_/3191596", "title"=>"Reproductive parameters of mites in relation to the treatment and emergence success of the bee.", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-20 05:34:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4995748"], "description"=>"<p>Within stage log-transformed normalized absolute expression of two vitellogenin transcripts of mites that experienced distinct phoretic conditions: mites that spent 3 days on forager bees, mites that stayed 3 days on nurse bees, mites that spent 7 days on nurse bees. The stages of the parasite cycle are: <b>pre</b> = prephoretic, mites randomly extracted from brood cells containing different stages of honey bee development and ready to be transferred onto adults; <b>postphoretic</b>, mites sampled right after their stay on adult bees in experimental cages; <b>PP3</b>, Prepupal stage mites; <b>pbm</b>, parasites sampled on brown eyed, medium pigmented thorax honey bee pupae; <b>emerging</b>, parasites on the day of honeybee emergence; <b>daughter</b>, newly fully molted <i>Varroa</i> distinguishable from the mothers. Only the statistical significance for phoretic condition is showed NS = non significant (ANOVA model and post hoc comparisons).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phoretic phase impacts", "European Honey Bee", "adult bees", "parasite", "phoretic phase", "Deformed Wing Virus", "mite", "Varroa vitellogenin genes levels", "expression", "Varroa vitellogenin genes"], "article_id"=>3191650, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Vincent Piou", "Jérémy Tabart", "Virginie Urrutia", "Jean-Louis Hemptinne", "Angélique Vétillard"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153482.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Vitellogenin_gene_expression_from_mites_in_relation_with_the_three_treatments_/3191650", "title"=>"Vitellogenin gene expression from mites in relation with the three treatments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-20 05:34:36"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4995787"], "description"=>"<p>A) Normalized absolute expression of the two vitellogenin transcripts at different stages of the parasite cycle, the labels are similar to <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0153482#pone.0153482.g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 3</a>: <b>prephoretic</b>, before the transfer onto adults; <b>postphoretic</b>, after the stay on adult bees; <b>PP3</b>, on prepupal bees; <b>pbm</b>, on brown eyed, medium pigmented thorax honey bee pupae; <b>emerging</b> mites; <b>daughter</b>. Barplot of the mean ± standard error: capital letters indicate the significant differences in the VdVg1 expression, small letters the significance of statistical tests for the VdVg2 expression (ANOVA model and post hoc compaisons p<sub>Bonferroni</sub><0.003). B) Focus on the normalized absolute expression of the two VdVg transcripts of newly born <i>Varroa</i> females after division into two groups according to their age: older daughters (= dpd: darkly pigmented daughters) and younger daughters (= lpd: lightly pigmented daughters). Letters showed the significance of the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon test conducted on VdVg1 (capital letter) and VdVg2 (small letter) p<sub>Bonferroni</sub><0.0083.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["phoretic phase impacts", "European Honey Bee", "adult bees", "parasite", "phoretic phase", "Deformed Wing Virus", "mite", "Varroa vitellogenin genes levels", "expression", "Varroa vitellogenin genes"], "article_id"=>3191695, "categories"=>["Genetics", "Evolutionary Biology", "Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified"], "users"=>["Vincent Piou", "Jérémy Tabart", "Virginie Urrutia", "Jean-Louis Hemptinne", "Angélique Vétillard"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153482.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Expression_of_two_vitellogenin_genes_from_mites_at_different_times_of_the_development_/3191695", "title"=>"Expression of two vitellogenin genes from mites at different times of the development.", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-20 05:34:36"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"64", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2021", "month"=>"1"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts