Intensively Cultivated Landscape and Varroa Mite Infestation Are Associated with Reduced Honey Bee Nutritional State
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{"title"=>"Intensively cultivated landscape and varroa mite infestation are associated with reduced honey bee nutritional state", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Adam G.", "last_name"=>"Dolezal", "scopus_author_id"=>"26029786200"}, {"first_name"=>"Jimena", "last_name"=>"Carrillo-Tripp", "scopus_author_id"=>"12646698000"}, {"first_name"=>"W.", "last_name"=>"Allen Miller", "scopus_author_id"=>"56023676000"}, {"first_name"=>"Bryony C.", "last_name"=>"Bonning", "scopus_author_id"=>"57195255260"}, {"first_name"=>"Amy L.", "last_name"=>"Toth", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202905012"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84963542262", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0153531", "pui"=>"609839661", "pmid"=>"27070422", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84963542262", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"46ae0226-e49f-318f-ba6c-a31c1c1c927f", "abstract"=>"As key pollinators, honey bees are crucial to many natural and agricultural ecosystems. An important factor in the health of honey bees is the availability of diverse floral resources. However, in many parts of the world, high-intensity agriculture could result in a reduction in honey bee forage. Previous studies have investigated how the landscape surrounding honey bee hives affects some aspects of honey bee health, but to our knowledge there have been no investigations of the effects of intensively cultivated landscapes on indicators of individual bee health such as nutritional physiology and pathogen loads. Furthermore, agricultural landscapes in different regions vary greatly in forage and land management, indicating a need for additional information on the relationship between honey bee health and landscape cultivation. Here, we add to this growing body of information by investigating differences in nutritional physiology between honey bees kept in areas of comparatively low and high cultivation in an area generally high agricultural intensity in the Midwestern United States. We focused on bees collected directly before winter, because overwintering stress poses one of the most serious problems for honey bees in temperate climates. We found that honey bees kept in areas of lower cultivation exhibited higher lipid levels than those kept in areas of high cultivation, but this effect was observed only in colonies that were free of Varroa mites. Furthermore, we found that the presence of mites was associated with lower lipid levels and higher titers of deformed wing virus (DWV), as well as a non-significant trend towards higher overwinter losses. Overall, these results show that mite infestation interacts with landscape, obscuring the effects of landscape alone and suggesting that the benefits of improved foraging landscape could be lost without adequate control of mite infestations.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/intensively-cultivated-landscape-varroa-mite-infestation-associated-reduced-honey-bee-nutritional-st", "reader_count"=>64, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>20, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>9, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>41, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3, "Chemistry"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>41}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>10}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Mexico"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4942684"], "description"=>"<p>Shaded areas shows confidence of fit. N.S. denotes no significant correlation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["honey bee forage", "honey bee health", "lipid levels", "Midwestern United States", "honey bees", "mite", "landscape", "Varroa Mite Infestation", "cultivation", "Reduced Honey Bee Nutritional State", "honey bee hives", "Intensively Cultivated Landscape", "DWV"], "article_id"=>3173800, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Adam G Dolezal", "Jimena Carrillo-Tripp", "W. Allen Miller", "Bryony C. Bonning", "Amy L. Toth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153531.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Relationship_between_apiary_average_from_collected_samples_i_Varroa_i_mite_infestation_and_apiary_average_proportion_hive_losses_/3173800", "title"=>"Relationship between apiary-average (from collected samples) <i>Varroa</i> mite infestation and apiary-average proportion hive losses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-12 14:11:23"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4942651", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4942657"], "description"=>"<div><p>As key pollinators, honey bees are crucial to many natural and agricultural ecosystems. An important factor in the health of honey bees is the availability of diverse floral resources. However, in many parts of the world, high-intensity agriculture could result in a reduction in honey bee forage. Previous studies have investigated how the landscape surrounding honey bee hives affects some aspects of honey bee health, but to our knowledge there have been no investigations of the effects of intensively cultivated landscapes on indicators of individual bee health such as nutritional physiology and pathogen loads. Furthermore, agricultural landscapes in different regions vary greatly in forage and land management, indicating a need for additional information on the relationship between honey bee health and landscape cultivation. Here, we add to this growing body of information by investigating differences in nutritional physiology between honey bees kept in areas of comparatively low and high cultivation in an area generally high agricultural intensity in the Midwestern United States. We focused on bees collected directly before winter, because overwintering stress poses one of the most serious problems for honey bees in temperate climates. We found that honey bees kept in areas of lower cultivation exhibited higher lipid levels than those kept in areas of high cultivation, but this effect was observed only in colonies that were free of <i>Varroa</i> mites. Furthermore, we found that the presence of mites was associated with lower lipid levels and higher titers of deformed wing virus (DWV), as well as a non-significant trend towards higher overwinter losses. Overall, these results show that mite infestation interacts with landscape, obscuring the effects of landscape alone and suggesting that the benefits of improved foraging landscape could be lost without adequate control of mite infestations.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["honey bee forage", "honey bee health", "lipid levels", "Midwestern United States", "honey bees", "mite", "landscape", "Varroa Mite Infestation", "cultivation", "Reduced Honey Bee Nutritional State", "honey bee hives", "Intensively Cultivated Landscape", "DWV"], "article_id"=>3173770, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Adam G Dolezal", "Jimena Carrillo-Tripp", "W. Allen Miller", "Bryony C. Bonning", "Amy L. Toth"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153531.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153531.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Intensively_Cultivated_Landscape_and_i_Varroa_i_Mite_Infestation_Are_Associated_with_Reduced_Honey_Bee_Nutritional_State/3173770", "title"=>"Intensively Cultivated Landscape and <i>Varroa </i>Mite Infestation Are Associated with Reduced Honey Bee Nutritional State", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-04-12 14:11:23"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4942678"], "description"=>"<p>Mean +/- SE of log transformed genome equivalents of BQCV (A, B), DWV (C, D), IAPV (E, F), and SBV (G, H) of bees from hives in low and high cultivation areas (A, C, E, G) and with <i>Varroa</i> mites absent or present (B, D, F, H). Number of hives sampled indicated, * indicates significant differences, N.S. denotes no significant differences.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["honey bee forage", "honey bee health", "lipid levels", "Midwestern United States", "honey bees", "mite", "landscape", "Varroa Mite Infestation", "cultivation", "Reduced Honey Bee Nutritional State", "honey bee hives", "Intensively Cultivated Landscape", "DWV"], "article_id"=>3173794, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Adam G Dolezal", "Jimena Carrillo-Tripp", "W. Allen Miller", "Bryony C. Bonning", "Amy L. Toth"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153531.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Virus_levels_in_honey_bees_from_low_and_high_cultivation_landscapes_in_presence_or_absence_of_i_Varroa_i_mite_/3173794", "title"=>"Virus levels in honey bees from low and high cultivation landscapes, in presence or absence of <i>Varroa</i> mite.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-12 14:11:23"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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