Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance and Contact-Seeking Behaviours towards Partner and Experimenter
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Inequity aversion negatively affects tolerance and contact-seeking behaviours towards partner and experimenter", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Désirée", "last_name"=>"Brucks", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190141026"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer L.", "last_name"=>"Essler", "scopus_author_id"=>"55498188600"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah", "last_name"=>"Marshall-Pescini", "scopus_author_id"=>"23467537600"}, {"first_name"=>"Friederike", "last_name"=>"Range", "scopus_author_id"=>"16301802300"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84977619897", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0153799", "pui"=>"611092750", "pmid"=>"27081852", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84977619897", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"3266d4e8-0342-3ea7-a182-230858ba1e35", "abstract"=>"Inequity aversion has been proposed to act as a limiting factor for cooperation, thus preventing subjects from disadvantageous cooperative interactions. While a recent study revealed that also dogs show some sensitivity to inequity, the underlying mechanisms of this behaviour are still unclear. The aim of the current study was threefold: 1) to replicate the study by Range et al. (2009, PNAS, 106, 340–345); 2) to investigate the emotional mechanisms involved in the inequity response by measuring the heart rate and 3) to explore the link between inequity aversion and cooperation in terms of behaviours shown towards the partner dog and towards the experimenter who caused the inequity. Dog tested in dyads were alternately asked to give their paw and were either equally or unequally rewarded by the experimenter. After each social test condition, we conducted food tolerance tests and free interaction tests in which the subjects’ social behaviour towards the partner and the experimenter were observed. As in the previous study, subjects refused to continue giving their paw when only the partner was rewarded, but not when both dogs were rewarded with rewards of different quality. Although subjects did not react to this quality inequity during the test, we did find reduced durations of food sharing in the subsequent tolerance test, indicating that dogs perceived the inequity but were not able to react to it in the test context. Moreover, subjects avoided their partner and the experimenter more during the free interaction time following unequal compared to equal treatment. Despite the clear behavioural reactions to inequity, we could not detect any changes in heart rate. Results suggest that inequity aversion might in fact be mediated by simple emotional mechanisms: sharing a negative experience, like inequity, might reduce future cooperation by decreasing the likelihood of proximity being maintained between partners.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/inequity-aversion-negatively-affects-tolerance-contactseeking-behaviours-towards-partner-experimente", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Psychology"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Austria"=>5, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84977619897"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84977619897?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84977619897&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84977619897&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84977619897", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84977619897", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84977619897", "dc:title"=>"Inequity aversion negatively affects tolerance and contact-seeking behaviours towards partner and experimenter", "dc:creator"=>"Brucks D.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"11", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"4", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2016-04-01", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"1 April 2016", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0153799", "citedby-count"=>"13", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Veterinarmedizinische Universitat Wien", "affiliation-city"=>"Vienna", "affiliation-country"=>"Austria"}], "pubmed-id"=>"27081852", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0153799", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0153799", "share_count"=>7, "like_count"=>29, "comment_count"=>2, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>38}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"74", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1244"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"142"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"155"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4968049"], "description"=>"<p>Circles show outliers, black bars indicate median values, whiskers display upper and lower hinge, and boxes show the interquartile range.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183841, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Proportion_of_time_spent_in_close_proximity_to_the_partner_dog_during_the_break_time_following_the_equity_ET_and_reward_inequity_RI_condition_/3183841", "title"=>"Proportion of time spent in close proximity to the partner dog during the break time following the equity (ET) and reward inequity (RI) condition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>8, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4968016"], "description"=>"<p>Circles show outliers, black bars indicate median values, whiskers display upper and lower hinge, and boxes show the interquartile range.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183811, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Average_gaze_duration_to_partner_per_trial_across_social_test_conditions_/3183811", "title"=>"Average gaze duration to partner per trial across social test conditions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4968064"], "description"=>"<p>Individual characteristics of dogs that completed testing (<i>N</i> = 34) and low value rewards (LVR) used in each dyad.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183850, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Individual_characteristics_of_dogs_that_completed_testing_i_N_i_34_and_low_value_rewards_LVR_used_in_each_dyad_/3183850", "title"=>"Individual characteristics of dogs that completed testing (<i>N</i> = 34) and low value rewards (LVR) used in each dyad.", "pos_in_sequence"=>9, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4967986", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4967989"], "description"=>"<div><p>Inequity aversion has been proposed to act as a limiting factor for cooperation, thus preventing subjects from disadvantageous cooperative interactions. While a recent study revealed that also dogs show some sensitivity to inequity, the underlying mechanisms of this behaviour are still unclear. The aim of the current study was threefold: 1) to replicate the study by Range et al. (2009, <i>PNAS</i>, <b>106</b>, 340–345); 2) to investigate the emotional mechanisms involved in the inequity response by measuring the heart rate and 3) to explore the link between inequity aversion and cooperation in terms of behaviours shown towards the partner dog and towards the experimenter who caused the inequity. Dog tested in dyads were alternately asked to give their paw and were either equally or unequally rewarded by the experimenter. After each social test condition, we conducted food tolerance tests and free interaction tests in which the subjects’ social behaviour towards the partner and the experimenter were observed. As in the previous study, subjects refused to continue giving their paw when only the partner was rewarded, but not when both dogs were rewarded with rewards of different quality. Although subjects did not react to this quality inequity during the test, we did find reduced durations of food sharing in the subsequent tolerance test, indicating that dogs perceived the inequity but were not able to react to it in the test context. Moreover, subjects avoided their partner and the experimenter more during the free interaction time following unequal compared to equal treatment. Despite the clear behavioural reactions to inequity, we could not detect any changes in heart rate. Results suggest that inequity aversion might in fact be mediated by simple emotional mechanisms: sharing a negative experience, like inequity, might reduce future cooperation by decreasing the likelihood of proximity being maintained between partners.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183787, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Inequity_Aversion_Negatively_Affects_Tolerance_and_Contact_Seeking_Behaviours_towards_Partner_and_Experimenter/3183787", "title"=>"Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance and Contact-Seeking Behaviours towards Partner and Experimenter", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4968025"], "description"=>"<p>Black bars indicate median values, whiskers display upper and lower hinge, and boxes show the interquartile range.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183820, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Duration_of_co_feeding_following_each_social_test_condition_i_N_i_30_/3183820", "title"=>"Duration of co-feeding following each social test condition (<i>N</i> = 30).", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4967992"], "description"=>"<p>The red bowl in front of the experimenter contained both reward types. The owner was standing behind the dogs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183790, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Setup_of_the_paw_task_/3183790", "title"=>"Setup of the paw task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4968082"], "description"=>"<p>Test conditions for paw task.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183856, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Test_conditions_for_paw_task_/3183856", "title"=>"Test conditions for paw task.", "pos_in_sequence"=>10, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4967998"], "description"=>"<p>Dogs waiting for the box to be pulled up in order to access to the bowl containing pieces of sausages. The experimenter lifted the box when both dogs were within a 10cm radius of it.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183796, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Setup_for_tolerance_test_/3183796", "title"=>"Setup for tolerance test.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4968034"], "description"=>"<p>Black bars indicate median values, whiskers display upper and lower hinge, and boxes show the interquartile range.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183829, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Latency_to_approach_the_experimenter_in_the_break_time_following_the_equity_ET_reward_inequity_RI_and_no_reward_control_NR_condition_/3183829", "title"=>"Latency to approach the experimenter in the break time following the equity (ET), reward inequity (RI) and no-reward control (NR) condition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>7, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4968010"], "description"=>"<p>Circles show outliers, black bars indicate median values, whiskers display upper and lower hinge, and boxes show the interquartile range.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["food tolerance tests", "Experimenter Inequity aversion", "heart rate", "subject", "Inequity Aversion Negatively Affects Tolerance", "experimenter", "PNAS", "inequity aversion"], "article_id"=>3183805, "categories"=>["Neuroscience", "Ecology", "Sociology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Mental Health"], "users"=>["Désirée Brucks", "Jennifer L. Essler", "Sarah Marshall-Pescini", "Friederike Range"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0153799.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Number_of_times_the_paw_was_given_on_command_per_test_condition_in_Range_et_al_17_i_N_i_29_and_the_current_study_i_N_i_32_/3183805", "title"=>"Number of times the paw was given on command per test condition in Range et al. [17] (<i>N</i> = 29) and the current study (<i>N</i> = 32).", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-04-15 09:03:56"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts