Modeling Reef Fish Biomass, Recovery Potential, and Management Priorities in the Western Indian Ocean
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{"title"=>"Modeling Reef Fish Biomass, Recovery Potential, and Management Priorities in the Western Indian Ocean", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Timothy R.", "last_name"=>"McClanahan"}, {"first_name"=>"Joseph M.", "last_name"=>"Maina"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicholas A. J.", "last_name"=>"Graham"}, {"first_name"=>"Kendall R.", "last_name"=>"Jones"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLOS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"85023762556", "issn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0154585", "pmid"=>"27149673", "isbn"=>"9780874216561", "pui"=>"617359018"}, "id"=>"f6030e69-0710-3adf-ad6a-064ad06488b9", "abstract"=>"<p>Fish biomass is a primary driver of coral reef ecosystem services and has high sensitivity to human disturbances, particularly fishing. Estimates of fish biomass, their spatial distribution, and recovery potential are important for evaluating reef status and crucial for setting management targets. Here we modeled fish biomass estimates across all reefs of the western Indian Ocean using key variables that predicted the empirical data collected from 337 sites. These variables were used to create biomass and recovery time maps to prioritize spatially explicit conservation actions. The resultant fish biomass map showed high variability ranging from ~15 to 2900 kg/ha, primarily driven by human populations, distance to markets, and fisheries management restrictions. Lastly, we assembled data based on the age of fisheries closures and showed that biomass takes ~ 25 years to recover to typical equilibrium values of ~1200 kg/ha. The recovery times to biomass levels for sustainable fishing yields, maximum diversity, and ecosystem stability or conservation targets once fishing is suspended was modeled to estimate temporal costs of restrictions. The mean time to recovery for the whole region to the conservation target was 8.1(± 3SD) years, while recovery to sustainable fishing thresholds was between 0.5 and 4 years, but with high spatial variation. Recovery prioritization scenario models included one where local governance prioritized recovery of degraded reefs and two that prioritized minimizing recovery time, where countries either operated independently or collaborated. The regional collaboration scenario selected remote areas for conservation with uneven national responsibilities and spatial coverage, which could undermine collaboration. There is the potential to achieve sustainable fisheries within a decade by promoting these pathways according to their social-ecological suitability.</p>", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/modeling-reef-fish-biomass-recovery-potential-management-priorities-western-indian-ocean", "reader_count"=>44, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>16, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>22}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>16}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>2, "Malaysia"=>1, "Portugal"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146855"], "description"=>"<p>Mean (±SD) recovery time in years to the three proposed biomass thresholds for each country and the entire Western Indian Ocean region.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308356, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Mean_SD_recovery_time_in_years_to_the_three_proposed_biomass_thresholds_for_each_country_and_the_entire_Western_Indian_Ocean_region_/3308356", "title"=>"Mean (±SD) recovery time in years to the three proposed biomass thresholds for each country and the entire Western Indian Ocean region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>10, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146639"], "description"=>"<p>These relationships are based on 214 2.5 x 2.5 km cells where fish biomass data were collected and used to develop a regional biomass model for the total of 11678 2.5 x 2.5 km cells in the region with coral reefs (see <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585#pone.0154585.g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 3</a>). ADGR = all destructive gear restricted, HCC = high compliance closure, LCYC = low compliance and young closure, MDGR = most destructive gear restricted, NGR = no gear restricted, R = remote.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308200, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Scatterplots_showing_the_empirical_relationships_between_fish_biomass_fisheries_management_categories_and_proxies_for_the_impacts_of_fishing_i_e_population_and_distance_to_markets_/3308200", "title"=>"Scatterplots showing the empirical relationships between fish biomass, fisheries management categories, and proxies for the impacts of fishing (i.e. population and distance to markets).", "pos_in_sequence"=>2, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146747"], "description"=>"<p>Map derived from algorithm identifying and prioritizing the most depleted fish biomass for small closures and adjacent spillover reefs until all reefs with biomass <450 kg/ha are classified.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308299, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Map_derived_from_algorithm_identifying_and_prioritizing_the_most_depleted_fish_biomass_for_small_closures_and_adjacent_spillover_reefs_until_all_reefs_with_biomass_450_kg_ha_are_classified_/3308299", "title"=>"Map derived from algorithm identifying and prioritizing the most depleted fish biomass for small closures and adjacent spillover reefs until all reefs with biomass <450 kg/ha are classified.", "pos_in_sequence"=>6, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146795"], "description"=>"<p>Significance tables for parametric model terms (fixed effects) and smooth terms for the top biomass predictive model.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308332, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Significance_tables_for_parametric_model_terms_fixed_effects_and_smooth_terms_for_the_top_biomass_predictive_model_/3308332", "title"=>"Significance tables for parametric model terms (fixed effects) and smooth terms for the top biomass predictive model.", "pos_in_sequence"=>8, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146720"], "description"=>"<p>Map of (a) the estimated time to recover biomass to a mean estimated sustainability level (600 kg/ha), and (b) the estimated conservation target of 1150 kg/ha in fully protected fisheries closures studied over a 20-year period (McClanahan et al. 2007).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308269, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Modeling_Reef_Fish_Biomass_Recovery_Potential_and_Management_Priorities_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_-_Fig_4/3308269", "title"=>"Modeling Reef Fish Biomass, Recovery Potential, and Management Priorities in the Western Indian Ocean - Fig 4", "pos_in_sequence"=>5, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146666"], "description"=>"<p>Scatterplot and estimates and best-fit equations for three likely models for the relationship between the age of the high compliance closures and the fish biomass in sampled western Indian Ocean coral reefs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308221, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Scatterplot_and_estimates_and_best-fit_equations_for_three_likely_models_for_the_relationship_between_the_age_of_the_high_compliance_closures_and_the_fish_biomass_in_sampled_western_Indian_Ocean_coral_reefs_/3308221", "title"=>"Scatterplot and estimates and best-fit equations for three likely models for the relationship between the age of the high compliance closures and the fish biomass in sampled western Indian Ocean coral reefs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>3, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146894"], "description"=>"<p>Marxan was used to select reefs for the regional collaboration, and no- collaboration scenarios, while the degradation prioritisation is described in the methods). NS indicates countries where Marxan/Degradation prioritisation did not select any conservation areas.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308392, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Mean_SD_time_to_recovery_in_years_for_sustainable_yields_450_kg_ha_maximum_diversity_600_kg_ha_and_conservation_1150_kg_ha_thresholds_for_core_closure_priority_areas_/3308392", "title"=>"Mean (±SD) time to recovery (in years) for sustainable yields (450 kg/ha), maximum diversity (600 kg/ha), and conservation (1150 kg/ha) thresholds for core closure priority areas.", "pos_in_sequence"=>12, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146540", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146549", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146558", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146570", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146579", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146591", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146600"], "description"=>"<div><p>Fish biomass is a primary driver of coral reef ecosystem services and has high sensitivity to human disturbances, particularly fishing. Estimates of fish biomass, their spatial distribution, and recovery potential are important for evaluating reef status and crucial for setting management targets. Here we modeled fish biomass estimates across all reefs of the western Indian Ocean using key variables that predicted the empirical data collected from 337 sites. These variables were used to create biomass and recovery time maps to prioritize spatially explicit conservation actions. The resultant fish biomass map showed high variability ranging from ~15 to 2900 kg/ha, primarily driven by human populations, distance to markets, and fisheries management restrictions. Lastly, we assembled data based on the age of fisheries closures and showed that biomass takes ~ 25 years to recover to typical equilibrium values of ~1200 kg/ha. The recovery times to biomass levels for sustainable fishing yields, maximum diversity, and ecosystem stability or conservation targets once fishing is suspended was modeled to estimate temporal costs of restrictions. The mean time to recovery for the whole region to the conservation target was 8.1(± 3SD) years, while recovery to sustainable fishing thresholds was between 0.5 and 4 years, but with high spatial variation. Recovery prioritization scenario models included one where local governance prioritized recovery of degraded reefs and two that prioritized minimizing recovery time, where countries either operated independently or collaborated. The regional collaboration scenario selected remote areas for conservation with uneven national responsibilities and spatial coverage, which could undermine collaboration. There is the potential to achieve sustainable fisheries within a decade by promoting these pathways according to their social-ecological suitability.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308158, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Modeling_Reef_Fish_Biomass_Recovery_Potential_and_Management_Priorities_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean/3308158", "title"=>"Modeling Reef Fish Biomass, Recovery Potential, and Management Priorities in the Western Indian Ocean", "pos_in_sequence"=>1, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146876"], "description"=>"<p>Amount of reef (as a percentage of the total in each country) selected in each management type using the biomass depletion prioritization scenario.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308374, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Amount_of_reef_as_a_percentage_of_the_total_in_each_country_selected_in_each_management_type_using_the_biomass_depletion_prioritization_scenario_/3308374", "title"=>"Amount of reef (as a percentage of the total in each country) selected in each management type using the biomass depletion prioritization scenario.", "pos_in_sequence"=>11, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146696"], "description"=>"<p>Map of the western Indian Ocean for (a) modeled biomass based on the empirical relationship established in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585#pone.0154585.g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 1</a>, and (b) the estimated time to recover biomass to a mean estimated sustainability level (450 kg/ha).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308251, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Modeling_Reef_Fish_Biomass_Recovery_Potential_and_Management_Priorities_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_-_Fig_3/3308251", "title"=>"Modeling Reef Fish Biomass, Recovery Potential, and Management Priorities in the Western Indian Ocean - Fig 3", "pos_in_sequence"=>4, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146771"], "description"=>"<p>Western Indian Ocean maps of Marzone maximum probability priority selections for 50% sustainability, 20% conservation, and 30% unmanaged where to time to recovery was the cost and minimized if (a) countries collaborated to reach these goals, and (b) there was no collaboration between countries.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308317, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Modeling_Reef_Fish_Biomass_Recovery_Potential_and_Management_Priorities_in_the_Western_Indian_Ocean_-_Fig_6/3308317", "title"=>"Modeling Reef Fish Biomass, Recovery Potential, and Management Priorities in the Western Indian Ocean - Fig 6", "pos_in_sequence"=>7, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/5146834"], "description"=>"<p>Modeled biomass (kg/ha) expressed as a percentage of the total reef area for each location or country and the entire western Indian Ocean region.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["conservation target", "modeling Reef Fish Biomass", "biomass levels", "Western Indian Ocean Fish biomass", "fishing yields", "conservation targets", "equilibrium values", "reef status", "fishery", "fish biomass", "fishing thresholds", "Management Priorities", "SD", "reef ecosystem services", "recovery prioritization scenario models", "governance prioritized recovery", "337 sites", "fisheries management restrictions", "fish biomass map", "conservation actions", "management targets", "ecosystem stability", "recovery time", "recovery times", "fisheries closures", "recovery time maps", "collaboration scenario", "4 years", "fish biomass estimates", "Indian Ocean"], "article_id"=>3308350, "categories"=>["Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Inorganic Chemistry", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Timothy R. McClanahan", "Joseph M. Maina", "Nicholas A. J. Graham", "Kendall R. Jones"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154585.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Modeled_biomass_kg_ha_expressed_as_a_percentage_of_the_total_reef_area_for_each_location_or_country_and_the_entire_western_Indian_Ocean_region_/3308350", "title"=>"Modeled biomass (kg/ha) expressed as a percentage of the total reef area for each location or country and the entire western Indian Ocean region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>9, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2016-05-05 07:55:05"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2016-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2016-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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