Prefrontal Cortex Activation and Young Driver Behaviour: A fNIRS Study
Publication Date
May 26, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Hannah J. Foy, Patrick Runham & Peter Chapman
Volume
11
Issue
5
Pages
e0156512
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0156512
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0156512
Scopus
84971254532
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/prefrontal-cortex-activation-young-driver-behaviour-fnirs-study
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Prefrontal cortex activation and young driver behaviour: A fNIRS study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Hannah J.", "last_name"=>"Foy", "scopus_author_id"=>"57189459297"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick", "last_name"=>"Runham", "scopus_author_id"=>"57189469211"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Chapman", "scopus_author_id"=>"35463039600"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84971254532", "sgr"=>"84971254532", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0156512", "pui"=>"610523047", "pmid"=>"27227990", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"cdc9a6f4-df28-34a1-bc3f-cb6d9c145162", "abstract"=>"Road traffic accidents consistently show a significant over-representation for young, novice and particularly male drivers. This research examines the prefrontal cortex activation of young drivers and the changes in activation associated with manipulations of mental work- load and inhibitory control. It also considers the explanation that a lack of prefrontal cortex maturation is a contributing factor to the higher accident risk in this young driver population. The prefrontal cortex is associated with a number of factors including mental workload and inhibitory control, both of which are also related to road traffic accidents. This experiment used functional near infrared spectroscopy to measure prefrontal cortex activity during five simulated driving tasks: one following task and four overtaking tasks at varying traffic densi- ties which aimed to dissociate workload and inhibitory control. Age, experience and gender were controlled for throughout the experiment. The results showed that younger drivers had reduced prefrontal cortex activity compared to older drivers. When both mental workload and inhibitory control increased prefrontal cortex activity also increased, however when inhibitory control alone increased there were no changes in activity. Along with an increase in activity during overtaking manoeuvres, these results suggest that prefrontal cortex activa- tion is more indicative of workload in the current task. There were no differences in the num- ber of overtakes completed by younger and older drivers but males overtook significantly more than females. We conclude that prefrontal cortex activity is associated with the mental workload required for overtaking. We additionally suggest that the reduced activation in younger drivers may be related to a lack of prefrontal maturation which could contribute to the", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/prefrontal-cortex-activation-young-driver-behaviour-fnirs-study", "reader_count"=>49, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Engineering"=>8, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>17, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>8}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>17}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>2}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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