Unraveling the Physiological Roles of the Cyanobacterium Geitlerinema sp. BBD and Other Black Band Disease Community Members through Genomic Analysis of a Mixed Culture
Publication Date
June 23, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Paul A. Den Uyl, Laurie L. Richardson, Sunit Jain & Gregory J. Dick
Volume
11
Issue
6
Pages
e0157953
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0157953
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0157953
Web of Science
000378389200073
Scopus
84976575567
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/unraveling-physiological-roles-cyanobacterium-geitlerinema-sp-bbd-other-black-band-disease-community
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Unraveling the physiological roles of the cyanobacterium geitlerinema sp. BBD and other black band disease community members through genomic analysis of a mixed culture", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Paul A.", "last_name"=>"Den Uyl", "scopus_author_id"=>"56688566600"}, {"first_name"=>"Laurie L.", "last_name"=>"Richardson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202866771"}, {"first_name"=>"Sunit", "last_name"=>"Jain", "scopus_author_id"=>"55248201500"}, {"first_name"=>"Gregory J.", "last_name"=>"Dick", "scopus_author_id"=>"36080447100"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"610977457", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84976575567", "pmid"=>"27336619", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0157953", "sgr"=>"84976575567", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"31e826dc-72ab-3013-9025-51245d66a9a3", "abstract"=>"Black band disease (BBD) is a cyanobacterial-dominated polymicrobial mat that propagates on and migrates across coral surfaces, necrotizing coral tissue. Culture-based laboratory studies have investigated cyanobacteria and heterotrophic bacteria isolated from BBD, but the metabolic potential of various BBD microbial community members and interactions between them remain poorly understood. Here we report genomic insights into the physio-logical and metabolic potential of the BBD-associated cyanobacterium Geitlerinema sp. BBD 1991 and six associated bacteria that were also present in the non-axenic culture. The essentially complete genome of Geitlerinema sp. BBD 1991 contains a sulfide quinone oxi-doreductase gene for oxidation of sulfide, suggesting a mechanism for tolerating the sulfidic conditions of BBD mats. Although the operon for biosynthesis of the cyanotoxin microcystin was surprisingly absent, potential relics were identified. Genomic evidence for mixed-acid fermentation indicates a strategy for energy metabolism under the anaerobic conditions present in BBD during darkness. Fermentation products may supply carbon to BBD hetero-trophic bacteria. Among the six associated bacteria in the culture, two are closely related to organisms found in culture-independent studies of diseased corals. Their metabolic path-ways for carbon and sulfur cycling, energy metabolism, and mechanisms for resisting coral defenses suggest adaptations to the coral surface environment and biogeochemical roles within the BBD mat. Polysulfide reductases were identified in a Flammeovirgaceae genome (Bacteroidetes) and the sox pathway for sulfur oxidation was found in the genome of a Rho-dospirillales bacterium (Alphaproteobacteria), revealing mechanisms for sulfur cycling, which influences virulence of BBD. Each genomic bin possessed a pathway for conserving energy from glycerol degradation, reflecting adaptations to the glycerol-rich coral environ-ment. The presence of genes for detoxification of reactive oxygen species and resistance to PLOS ONE |", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/unraveling-physiological-roles-cyanobacterium-geitlerinema-sp-bbd-other-black-band-disease-community", "reader_count"=>27, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>6, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>15}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>6}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Venezuela"=>1, "United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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