Social Learning in the Real-World: ‘Over-Imitation’ Occurs in Both Children and Adults Unaware of Participation in an Experiment and Independently of Social Interaction
Publication Date
July 28, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Andrew Whiten, Gillian Allan, Siobahn Devlin, Natalie Kseib, et al
Volume
11
Issue
7
Pages
e0159920
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159920
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0159920
Scopus
84980418984
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/social-learning-realworld-overimitation-occurs-both-children-adults-unaware-participation-experiment
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Social learning in the real-world: 'Over-imitation' occurs in both children and adults unaware of participation in an experiment and independently of social interaction", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Andrew", "last_name"=>"Whiten", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004657792"}, {"first_name"=>"Gillian", "last_name"=>"Allan", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190517648"}, {"first_name"=>"Siobahn", "last_name"=>"Devlin", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190510477"}, {"first_name"=>"Natalie", "last_name"=>"Kseib", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190514608"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicola", "last_name"=>"Raw", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190509918"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicola", "last_name"=>"McGuigan", "scopus_author_id"=>"22634759800"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"27466806", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0159920", "sgr"=>"84980418984", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84980418984", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"611503264"}, "id"=>"115207d0-87f3-344b-9a40-2ddded5ec0bd", "abstract"=>"The current study avoided the typical laboratory context to determine\ninstead whether overimitation-the disposition to copy even visibly,\ncausally unnecessary actions-occurs in a real-world context in which\nparticipants are unaware of being in an experiment. We disguised a\npuzzle-box task as an interactive item available to the public within a\nscience engagement zone of Edinburgh Zoo. As a member of the public\napproached, a confederate acting as a zoo visitor retrieved a reward\nfrom the box using a sequence of actions containing both causally\nrelevant and irrelevant elements. Despite the absence of intentional\ndemonstration, or social pressure to copy, a majority of both child and\neven adult observers included all causally irrelevant actions in their\nreproduction. This occurred even though causal irrelevance appeared\nmanifest because of the transparency of the puzzle-box. That\nover-imitation occurred so readily in a naturalistic context, devoid of\nsocial interaction and pressure, suggests that humans are opportunistic\nsocial learners throughout the lifespan, copying the actions of other\nindividuals even when these actions are not intentionally demonstrated,\nand their causal significance is not readily apparent. The disposition\nto copy comprehensively, even when a mere onlooker, likely provides\nhumans, irrespective of their age, with a powerful mechanism to extract\nmaximal information from the social environment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/social-learning-realworld-overimitation-occurs-both-children-adults-unaware-participation-experiment", "reader_count"=>31, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Design"=>2, "Psychology"=>13, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Design"=>{"Design"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>13}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Iran"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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