Demonstration of Protein-Based Human Identification Using the Hair Shaft Proteome
Publication Date
September 07, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Glendon J. Parker, Tami Leppert, Deon S. Anex, Jonathan K. Hilmer, et al
Volume
11
Issue
9
Pages
e0160653
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160653
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0160653
Web of Science
000383255200006
Scopus
84992437215
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/demonstration-proteinbased-human-identification-using-hair-shaft-proteome
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Demonstration of protein-based human identification using the hair shaft proteome", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Glendon J.", "last_name"=>"Parker", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402344312"}, {"first_name"=>"Tami", "last_name"=>"Leppert", "scopus_author_id"=>"55485100000"}, {"first_name"=>"Deon S.", "last_name"=>"Anex", "scopus_author_id"=>"57191663509"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonathan K.", "last_name"=>"Hilmer", "scopus_author_id"=>"14044860600"}, {"first_name"=>"Nori", "last_name"=>"Matsunami", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005577367"}, {"first_name"=>"Lisa", "last_name"=>"Baird", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197404351"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeffery", "last_name"=>"Stevens", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403175417"}, {"first_name"=>"Krishna", "last_name"=>"Parsawar", "scopus_author_id"=>"15128824100"}, {"first_name"=>"Blythe P.", "last_name"=>"Durbin-Johnson", "scopus_author_id"=>"37070672100"}, {"first_name"=>"David M.", "last_name"=>"Rocke", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006620350"}, {"first_name"=>"Chad", "last_name"=>"Nelson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403703932"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel J.", "last_name"=>"Fairbanks", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005621879"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew S.", "last_name"=>"Wilson", "scopus_author_id"=>"55458730700"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert H.", "last_name"=>"Rice", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403332101"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott R.", "last_name"=>"Woodward", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103313666"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian", "last_name"=>"Bothner", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701776585"}, {"first_name"=>"Bradley R.", "last_name"=>"Hart", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202433238"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark", "last_name"=>"Leppert", "scopus_author_id"=>"35351313000"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84992437215", "sgr"=>"84992437215", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"27603779", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0160653", "pui"=>"612856814"}, "id"=>"f74478d0-6755-343f-a83d-913cf013a8b6", "abstract"=>"Human identification from biological material is largely dependent on the ability to character- ize genetic polymorphisms in DNA. Unfortunately, DNA can degrade in the environment, sometimes below the level at which it can be amplified by PCR. Protein however is chemi- cally more robust thanDNA and can persist for longer periods. Protein also contains genetic variation in the form of single amino acid polymorphisms. These can be used to infer the sta- tus of non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism alleles. To demonstrate this, we used mass spectrometry-based shotgun proteomics to characterize hair shaft proteins in 66 European-American subjects. A total of 596 single nucleotide polymorphism alleles were correctly imputed in 32 loci from 22 genes of subjects’ DNA and directly validated using Sanger sequencing. Estimates of the probability of resulting individual non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism allelic profiles in the European population, using the prod- uct rule, resulted in a maximum power of discrimination of 1 in 12,500. Imputed non-synony- mous single nucleotide polymorphism profiles from European–American subjects were considerably less frequent in the African population (maximum likelihood ratio = 11,000). The converse was true for hair shafts collected from an additional 10 subjects with African ancestry, where some profiles were more frequent in the African population. Genetically variant peptides were also identified in hair shaft datasets from six archaeological skeletal remains (up to 260 years old). This study demonstrates that quantifiable measures of iden- tity discrimination and biogeographic background can be obtained from detecting geneti- cally variant peptides in hair shaft protein, including hair from bioarchaeological contexts", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/demonstration-proteinbased-human-identification-using-hair-shaft-proteome", "reader_count"=>48, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>14, "Student > Ph. D. 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Scopus | Further Information

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