Selective Cooperation in Early Childhood – How to Choose Models and Partners
Publication Date
August 09, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Jonas Hermes, Tanya Behne, Kristin Studte, Anna Maria Zeyen, et al
Volume
11
Issue
8
Pages
e0160881
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160881
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0160881
Scopus
84983685037
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/selective-cooperation-early-childhood-choose-models-partners
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Selective cooperation in early childhood - How to choose models and partners", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jonas", "last_name"=>"Hermes", "scopus_author_id"=>"56861946200"}, {"first_name"=>"Tanya", "last_name"=>"Behne", "scopus_author_id"=>"8595638900"}, {"first_name"=>"Kristin", "last_name"=>"Studte", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190870083"}, {"first_name"=>"Anna Maria", "last_name"=>"Zeyen", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190868343"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria", "last_name"=>"Gräfenhain", "scopus_author_id"=>"26028582900"}, {"first_name"=>"Hannes", "last_name"=>"Rakoczy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603197001"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84983685037", "sgr"=>"84983685037", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0160881", "pmid"=>"27505043", "pui"=>"611725759"}, "id"=>"6e4abde4-0837-3875-9a53-f61211ebdeab", "abstract"=>"Cooperation is essential for human society, and children engage in cooperation from early on. It is unclear, however, how children select their partners for cooperation. We know that children choose selectively whom to learn from (e.g. preferring reliable over unreliable models) on a rational basis. The present study investigated whether children (and adults) also choose their cooperative partners selectively and what model characteristics they regard as important for cooperative partners and for informants about novel words. Three- and four-year-old children (N = 64) and adults (N = 14) saw contrasting pairs of models differing either in physical strength or in accuracy (in labeling known objects). Participants then performed different tasks (cooperative problem solving and word learning) requiring the choice of a partner or informant. Both children and adults chose their cooperative partners selectively. Moreover they showed the same pattern of selective model choice, regarding a wide range of model characteristics as important for cooperation (preferring both the strong and the accurate model for a strength-requiring cooperation tasks), but only prior knowledge as important for word learning (preferring the knowledgeable but not the strong model for word learning tasks). Young children's selective model choice thus reveals an early rational competence: They infer characteristics from past behavior and flexibly consider what characteristics are relevant for certain tasks.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/selective-cooperation-early-childhood-choose-models-partners", "reader_count"=>23, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Materials Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Philosophy"=>1, "Psychology"=>11, "Social Sciences"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>11}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"New Zealand"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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