A Sensitivity Analysis of the Impact of Rain on Regional and Global Sea-Air Fluxes of CO2
Publication Date
September 27, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
I. G. Ashton, J. D. Shutler, P. E. Land, D. K. Woolf, et al
Volume
11
Issue
9
Pages
e0161105
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161105
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0161105
Scopus
84991706389
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/sensitivity-analysis-impact-rain-regional-global-seaair-fluxes-co2
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A sensitivity analysis of the impact of rain on regional and global sea-air fluxes of CO2", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"I. G.", "last_name"=>"Ashton", "scopus_author_id"=>"8719483200"}, {"first_name"=>"J. D.", "last_name"=>"Shutler", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506674287"}, {"first_name"=>"P. E.", "last_name"=>"Land", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003341111"}, {"first_name"=>"D. K.", "last_name"=>"Woolf", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006208606"}, {"first_name"=>"G. D.", "last_name"=>"Quartly", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003341226"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84991706389", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0161105", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84991706389", "pui"=>"612795526", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"4aaa7c1e-2094-340c-9eb4-482e7985849f", "abstract"=>"© 2016 Ashton et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.The global oceans are considered a major sink of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). Rain is known to alter the physical and chemical conditions at the sea surface, and thus influence the transfer of CO2 between the ocean and atmosphere. It can influence gas exchange through enhanced gas transfer velocity, the direct export of carbon from the atmosphere to the ocean, by altering the sea skin temperature, and through surface layer dilution. However, to date, very few studies quantifying these effects on global net sea-air fluxes exist. Here, we include terms for the enhanced gas transfer velocity and the direct export of carbon in calculations of the global net sea-air fluxes, using a 7-year time series of monthly global climate quality satellite remote sensing observations, model and in-situ data. The use of a non-linear relationship between the effects of rain and wind significantly reduces the estimated impact of rain-induced surface turbulence on the rate of sea-air gas transfer, when compared to a linear relationship. Nevertheless, globally, the rain enhanced gas transfer and rain induced direct export increase the estimated annual oceanic integrated net sink of CO2 by up to 6%. Regionally, the variations can be larger, with rain increasing the estimated annual net sink in the Pacific Ocean by up to 15% and altering monthly net flux by > ± 50%. Based on these analyses, the impacts of rain should be included in the uncertainty analysis of studies that estimate net sea-air fluxes of CO2 as the rain can have a considerable impact, dependent upon the region and timescale.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/sensitivity-analysis-impact-rain-regional-global-seaair-fluxes-co2", "reader_count"=>14, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4, "Energy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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