Chronic Wasting Disease Drives Population Decline of White-Tailed Deer
Publication Date
August 30, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
David R. Edmunds, Matthew J. Kauffman, Brant A. Schumaker, Frederick G. Lindzey, et al
Volume
11
Issue
8
Pages
e0161127
DOI
http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161127
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0161127
Scopus
84990176128
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/chronic-wasting-disease-drives-population-decline-whitetailed-deer-3
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Chronic wasting disease drives population decline of white-tailed deer", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"David R.", "last_name"=>"Edmunds", "scopus_author_id"=>"36860987700"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew J.", "last_name"=>"Kauffman", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004002897"}, {"first_name"=>"Brant A.", "last_name"=>"Schumaker", "scopus_author_id"=>"26659218200"}, {"first_name"=>"Frederick G.", "last_name"=>"Lindzey", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701662907"}, {"first_name"=>"Walter E.", "last_name"=>"Cook", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201942637"}, {"first_name"=>"Terry J.", "last_name"=>"Kreeger", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003394569"}, {"first_name"=>"Ronald G.", "last_name"=>"Grogan", "scopus_author_id"=>"57191444681"}, {"first_name"=>"Todd E.", "last_name"=>"Cornish", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003573763"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0161127", "sgr"=>"84990176128", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84990176128", "pui"=>"612518072"}, "id"=>"ffde0f56-58ea-331e-bfad-af9319981a31", "abstract"=>"Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is an invariably fatal transmissible spongiform encephalop-athy of white-tailed deer, mule deer, elk, and moose. Despite a 100% fatality rate, areas of high prevalence, and increasingly expanding geographic endemic areas, little is known about the population-level effects of CWD in deer. To investigate these effects, we tested the null hypothesis that high prevalence CWD did not negatively impact white-tailed deer population sustainability. The specific objectives of the study were to monitor CWD-positive and CWD-negative white-tailed deer in a high-prevalence CWD area longitudinally via radio-telemetry and global positioning system (GPS) collars. For the two populations, we determined the following: a) demographic and disease indices, b) annual survival, and c) finite rate of population growth (λ). The CWD prevalence was higher in females (42%) than males (28.8%) and hunter harvest and clinical CWD were the most frequent causes of mor-tality, with CWD-positive deer over-represented in harvest and total mortalities. Survival was significantly lower for CWD-positive deer and separately by sex; CWD-positive deer were 4.5 times more likely to die annually than CWD-negative deer while bucks were 1.7 times more likely to die than does. Population λ was 0.896 (0.859–0.980), which indicated a 10.4% annual decline. We show that a chronic disease that becomes endemic in wildlife populations has the potential to be population-limiting and the strong population-level effects of CWD suggest affected populations are not sustainable at high disease prevalence under current harvest levels.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/chronic-wasting-disease-drives-population-decline-whitetailed-deer-3", "reader_count"=>46, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>10, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>24, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>7, "Computer Science"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>24}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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