Dopaminergic Neurodegeneration in the Mouse Is Associated with Decrease of Viscoelasticity of Substantia Nigra Tissue
Publication Date
August 15, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Elisabeth G. Hain, Charlotte Klein, Tonia Munder, Juergen Braun, et al
Volume
11
Issue
8
Pages
e0161179
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161179
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0161179
Scopus
84984848261
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/dopaminergic-neurodegeneration-mouse-associated-decrease-viscoelasticity-substantia-nigra-tissue
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Dopaminergic neurodegeneration in the mouse is associated with decrease of viscoelasticity of substantia nigra tissue", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Elisabeth G.", "last_name"=>"Hain", "scopus_author_id"=>"56149697400"}, {"first_name"=>"Charlotte", "last_name"=>"Klein", "scopus_author_id"=>"56149300700"}, {"first_name"=>"Tonia", "last_name"=>"Munder", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190965741"}, {"first_name"=>"Juergen", "last_name"=>"Braun", "scopus_author_id"=>"56486795400"}, {"first_name"=>"Kerstin", "last_name"=>"Riek", "scopus_author_id"=>"53364154600"}, {"first_name"=>"Susanne", "last_name"=>"Mueller", "scopus_author_id"=>"56937823800"}, {"first_name"=>"Ingolf", "last_name"=>"Sack", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701567096"}, {"first_name"=>"Barbara", "last_name"=>"Steiner", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102617720"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84984848261", "pui"=>"611884711", "sgr"=>"84984848261", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"27526042", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0161179"}, "id"=>"3ff0829b-3976-320e-8dc9-46a23c37467f", "abstract"=>"The biomechanical properties of brain tissue are altered by histopathological changes due to neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's disease (PD). Such alterations can be measured by magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) as a non-invasive technique to determine viscoelastic parameters of the brain. Until now, the correlation between histopathological mechanisms and observed alterations in tissue viscoelasticity in neurodegenerative diseases is still not completely understood. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate (1) the validity of MRE to detect viscoelastic changes in small and specific brain regions: the substantia nigra (SN), midbrain and hippocampus in a mouse model of PD, and (2) if the induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration and inflammation in the SN is reflected by local changes in viscoelasticity. Therefore, MRE measurements of the SN, midbrain and hippocampus were performed in adult female mice before and at five time points after 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin hydrochloride (MPTP) treatment specifically lesioning dopaminergic neurons in the SN. At each time point, additional mice were utilized for histological analysis of the SN. After treatment cessation, we observed opposed viscoelastic changes in the midbrain, hippocampus and SN with the midbrain showing a gradual rise and the hippocampus a distinct transient increase of viscous and elastic parameters, while viscosity and-to a lesser extent-elasticity in the SN decreased over time. The decrease in viscosity and elasticity in the SN was paralleled by a reduced number of neurons due to the MPTP-induced neurodegeneration. In conclusion, MRE is highly sensitive to detect local viscoelastic changes in specific and even small brain regions. Moreover, we confirmed that neuronal cells likely constitute the backbone of the adult brain mainly accounting for its viscoelasticity. Therefore, MRE could be established as a new potential instrument for clinical evaluation and diagnostics of neurodegenerative diseases.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/dopaminergic-neurodegeneration-mouse-associated-decrease-viscoelasticity-substantia-nigra-tissue", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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