Micronized Organic Magnesium Salts Enhance Opioid Analgesia in Rats
Publication Date
October 28, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Magdalena Bujalska Zadrożny, Kamila Kulik, Michał Ordak, Małgorzata Sasinowska Motyl, et al
Volume
11
Issue
10
Pages
e0161776
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0161776
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0161776
Scopus
84993120535
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/micronized-organic-magnesium-salts-enhance-opioid-analgesia-rats
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Micronized organic magnesium salts enhance opioid analgesia in rats", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Magdalena", "last_name"=>"Bujalska-Zadrony", "scopus_author_id"=>"57191827330"}, {"first_name"=>"Kamila", "last_name"=>"Kulik", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190307970"}, {"first_name"=>"Michał", "last_name"=>"Ordak", "scopus_author_id"=>"55992015900"}, {"first_name"=>"Małgorzata", "last_name"=>"Sasinowska-Motyl", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506752726"}, {"first_name"=>"Emilia", "last_name"=>"Gsiñska", "scopus_author_id"=>"57191825064"}, {"first_name"=>"Anna", "last_name"=>"De Corde", "scopus_author_id"=>"23481187900"}, {"first_name"=>"Agnieszka", "last_name"=>"Kowalczyk", "scopus_author_id"=>"57190307038"}, {"first_name"=>"Mariusz", "last_name"=>"Sacharczuk", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506134744"}, {"first_name"=>"Marek", "last_name"=>"Naruszewicz", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004325536"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84994018018", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84994018018", "pui"=>"612939923", "pmid"=>"27792736", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0161776"}, "id"=>"0fc44133-d28e-3532-887d-bbf02402184d", "abstract"=>"PURPOSE As previously reported, magnesium sulphate administered parenterally significantly increased an opioid antinociception in different kinds of pain. Since the typical form of magnesium salts are poorly and slowly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract we examined whether their micronized form could increase opioids induced antinociception. METHODS In behavioural studies on rats morphine, tramadol and oxycodone together with magnesium (lactate dihydrate, hydroaspartate, chloride) in micronized (particles of size D90 < 50 μm) and conventional forms were used. Changes in pain thresholds were determined using mechanical stimuli. The intestinal absorption of two forms of magnesium lactate dihydrate (at the doses of 7.5 or 15 mg ions) in the porcine gut sac model were also compared. RESULTS Micronized form of magnesium lactate dihydrate or hydroaspartate but not chloride (15 mg of magnesium ions kg-1) enhanced the analgesic activity of orally administered opioids, significantly faster and more effective in comparison to the conventional form of magnesium salts (about 40% for oxycodone administered together with a micronized form of magnesium hydroaspartate). Moreover, in vitro studies of transport across porcine intestines of magnesium ions showed that magnesium salts administered in micronized form were absorbed from the intestines to a greater extent than the normal form of magnesium salts. CONCLUSIONS The co-administration of micronized magnesium organic salts with opioids increased their synergetic analgesic effect. This may suggest an innovative approach to the treatment of pain in clinical practice.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/micronized-organic-magnesium-salts-enhance-opioid-analgesia-rats", "reader_count"=>7, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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