Provenancing Archaeological Wool Textiles from Medieval Northern Europe by Light Stable Isotope Analysis (δ13C, δ15N, δ2H)
Publication Date
October 20, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Isabella C. C. Von Holstein, Penelope Walton Rogers, Oliver E. Craig, Kirsty E. H. Penkman, et al
Volume
11
Issue
10
Pages
e0162330
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162330
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0162330
Scopus
84992186911
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/provenancing-archaeological-wool-textiles-medieval-northern-europe-light-stable-isotope-analysis-%CE%B413
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Provenancing archaeological wool textiles from medieval northern Europe by light stable isotope analysis (δ13C, δ15N, δ2H)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Isabella C.C.", "last_name"=>"Von Holstein", "scopus_author_id"=>"55860183800"}, {"first_name"=>"Penelope Walton", "last_name"=>"Rogers", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402548835"}, {"first_name"=>"Oliver E.", "last_name"=>"Craig", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004388517"}, {"first_name"=>"Kirsty E.H.", "last_name"=>"Penkman", "scopus_author_id"=>"8607438100"}, {"first_name"=>"Jason", "last_name"=>"Newton", "scopus_author_id"=>"57102626400"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew J.", "last_name"=>"Collins", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404083567"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"612831035", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0162330", "sgr"=>"84992186911", "pmid"=>"27764106", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84992186911"}, "id"=>"ef8618d9-e1f1-3ddc-944c-925436271d0c", "abstract"=>"We investigate the origin of archaeological wool textiles preserved by anoxic waterlogging from seven medieval archaeological deposits in north-western Europe (c. 700-1600 AD), using geospatial patterning in carbon (δ13C), nitrogen (δ15N) and non-exchangeable hydrogen (δ2H) composition of modern and ancient sheep proteins. δ13C, δ15N and δ2H values from archaeological wool keratin (n = 83) and bone collagen (n = 59) from four sites were interpreted with reference to the composition of modern sheep wool from the same regions. The isotopic composition of wool and bone collagen samples clustered strongly by settlement; inter-regional relationships were largely parallel in modern and ancient samples, though landscape change was also significant. Degradation in archaeological wool samples, examined by elemental and amino acid composition, was greater in samples from Iceland (Reykholt) than in samples from north-east England (York, Newcastle) or northern Germany (Hessens). A nominal assignment approach was used to classify textiles into local/non-local at each site, based on maximal estimates of isotopic variability in modern sheep wool. Light element stable isotope analysis provided new insights into the origins of wool textiles, and demonstrates that isotopic provenancing of keratin preserved in anoxic waterlogged contexts is feasible. We also demonstrate the utility of δ2H analysis to understand the location of origin of archaeological protein samples.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/provenancing-archaeological-wool-textiles-medieval-northern-europe-light-stable-isotope-analysis-%CE%B413", "reader_count"=>12, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>5, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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