The Prison Economy of Needles and Syringes: What Opportunities Exist for Blood Borne Virus Risk Reduction When Prices Are so High?
Publication Date
September 09, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Carla Treloar, Luke Mc Credie & Andrew R. Lloyd
Volume
11
Issue
9
Pages
e0162399
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162399
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0162399
Scopus
84990948098
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/prison-economy-needles-syringes-opportunities-exist-blood-borne-virus-risk-reduction-prices-so-high
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The prison economy of needles and syringes: What opportunities exist for blood borne virus risk reduction when prices are so high?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Carla", "last_name"=>"Treloar", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603868458"}, {"first_name"=>"Luke", "last_name"=>"McCredie", "scopus_author_id"=>"36561950800"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew R.", "last_name"=>"Lloyd", "scopus_author_id"=>"56962782100"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84990948098", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0162399", "sgr"=>"84990948098", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"27611849", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"612599294"}, "id"=>"072264b1-6971-32f1-8d47-a96da32ccdf1", "abstract"=>"AIM: A formal Needle and Syringe Program (NSP) is not provided in Australian prisons. Injecting equipment circulates in prisons as part of an informal and illegal economy. This paper examined how this economy generates blood-borne virus (BBV) risk and risk mitigation opportunities for inmates. METHOD: The HITS-p cohort recruited New South Wales inmates who had reported ever injecting drugs and who had a negative HCV serological test within 12 months prior to enrolment. For this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 participants enrolled in HITS-p. Participants included 10 women and were incarcerated in 12 prisons. RESULTS: A needle/syringe was nominated as being typically priced in the 'inside' prison economy at $100-$150, with a range of $50-$350. Purchase or hire of equipment was paid for in cash (including transactions that occurred outside prison) and in exchange for drugs and other commodities. A range of other resources was required to enable successful needle/syringe economies, especially relationships with visitors and other prisoners, and violence to ensure payment of debts. Strategies to mitigate BBV risk included retaining one needle/syringe for personal use while hiring out others, keeping drug use (and ownership of equipment) \"quiet\", stealing used equipment from the prison health clinic, and manufacture of syringes from other items available in the prison. CONCLUSIONS: The provision of prison NSP would disrupt the inside economies built around contraband needles/syringes, as well as minimise BBV risk. However, any model of prison NSP should be interrogated for any unanticipated markets that could be generated as a result of its regulatory practices.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/prison-economy-needles-syringes-opportunities-exist-blood-borne-virus-risk-reduction-prices-so-high", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Denmark"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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