A Heat Vulnerability Index: Spatial Patterns of Exposure, Sensitivity and Adaptive Capacity for Santiago de Chile
Publication Date
September 08, 2016
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Luis Inostroza, Massimo Palme & Francisco De La Barrera
Volume
11
Issue
9
Pages
e0162464
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162464
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0162464
Scopus
84992199831
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/heat-vulnerability-index-spatial-patterns-exposure-sensitivity-adaptive-capacity-santiago-chile
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A heat vulnerability index: Spatial patterns of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity for Santiago de Chile", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Luis", "last_name"=>"Inostroza", "scopus_author_id"=>"56565693700"}, {"first_name"=>"Massimo", "last_name"=>"Palme", "scopus_author_id"=>"55505323600"}, {"first_name"=>"Francisco", "last_name"=>"De La Barrera", "scopus_author_id"=>"52463291900"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84992199831", "pui"=>"612856786", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0162464", "sgr"=>"84992199831", "pmid"=>"27606592"}, "id"=>"c6c75052-16f6-3c2a-9ea7-32bdc5e65f28", "abstract"=>"Climate change will worsen the high levels of urban vulnerability in Latin American cities due to specific environmental stressors. Some impacts of climate change, such as high temperatures in urban environments, have not yet been addressed through adaptation strategies, which are based on poorly supported data. These impacts remain outside the scope of urban planning. New spatially explicit approaches that identify highly vulnerable urban areas and include specific adaptation requirements are needed in current urban planning practices to cope with heat hazards. In this paper, a heat vulnerability index is proposed for Santiago, Chile. The index was created using a GIS-based spatial information system and was constructed from spatially explicit indexes for exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity levels derived from remote sensing data and socio-economic information assessed via principal component analysis (PCA). The objective of this study is to determine the levels of heat vulnerability at local scales by providing insights into these indexes at the intra city scale. The results reveal a spatial pattern of heat vulnerability with strong variations among individual spatial indexes. While exposure and adaptive capacities depict a clear spatial pattern, sensitivity follows a complex spatial distribution. These conditions change when examining PCA results, showing that sensitivity is more robust than exposure and adaptive capacity. These indexes can be used both for urban planning purposes and for proposing specific policies and measures that can help minimize heat hazards in highly dynamic urban areas. The proposed methodology can be applied to other Latin American cities to support policy making.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/heat-vulnerability-index-spatial-patterns-exposure-sensitivity-adaptive-capacity-santiago-chile", "reader_count"=>44, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>12, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>6, "Unspecified"=>7, "Environmental Science"=>11, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>10, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>6}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>10}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>11}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Pakistan"=>1, "Taiwan"=>1, "Chile"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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