Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Smartphone Addiction
Publication Date
November 15, 2016
Authors
Yu Hsuan Lin, Chih Lin Chiang, Po Hsien Lin, Li Ren Chang, et al
Volume
11
Issue
11
Pages
e0163010
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163010
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0163010
Scopus
84995673169
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/proposed-diagnostic-criteria-smartphone-addiction
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Proposed diagnostic criteria for Smartphone addiction", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yu Hsuan", "last_name"=>"Lin", "scopus_author_id"=>"36164300800"}, {"first_name"=>"Chih Lin", "last_name"=>"Chiang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55462224200"}, {"first_name"=>"Po Hsien", "last_name"=>"Lin", "scopus_author_id"=>"56608477700"}, {"first_name"=>"Li Ren", "last_name"=>"Chang", "scopus_author_id"=>"37030721000"}, {"first_name"=>"Chih Hung", "last_name"=>"Ko", "scopus_author_id"=>"8716479100"}, {"first_name"=>"Yang Han", "last_name"=>"Lee", "scopus_author_id"=>"57148742000"}, {"first_name"=>"Sheng Hsuan", "last_name"=>"Lin", "scopus_author_id"=>"55627295300"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"613210622", "sgr"=>"84995673169", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"27846211", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84995673169", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0163010", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"ac520dcf-e1de-357f-befa-3dbc0a9cdaf8", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Global smartphone penetration has led to unprecedented addictive behaviors. The aims of this study are to develop diagnostic criteria of smartphone addiction and to examine the discriminative ability and the validity of the diagnostic criteria. METHODS We developed twelve candidate criteria for characteristic symptoms of smartphone addiction and four criteria for functional impairment caused by excessive smartphone use. The participants consisted of 281 college students. Each participant was systematically assessed for smartphone-using behaviors by psychiatrist's structured diagnostic interview. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of the candidate symptom criteria were analyzed with reference to the psychiatrists' clinical global impression. The optimal model selection with its cutoff point of the diagnostic criteria differentiating the smartphone addicted subjects from non-addicted subjects was then determined by the best diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS Six symptom criteria model with optimal cutoff point were determined based on the maximal diagnostic accuracy. The proposed smartphone addiction diagnostic criteria consisted of (1) six symptom criteria, (2) four functional impairment criteria and (3) exclusion criteria. Setting three symptom criteria as the cutoff point resulted in the highest diagnostic accuracy (84.3%), while the sensitivity and specificity were 79.4% and 87.5%, respectively. We suggested determining the functional impairment by two or more of the four domains considering the high accessibility and penetration of smartphone use. CONCLUSION The diagnostic criteria of smartphone addiction demonstrated the core symptoms \"impaired control\" paralleled with substance related and addictive disorders. The functional impairment involved multiple domains provide a strict standard for clinical assessment.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/proposed-diagnostic-criteria-smartphone-addiction", "reader_count"=>65, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>12, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Philosophy"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Psychology"=>21, "Social Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>6}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>21}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>12}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Republic of Singapore"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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