Demography of Symbiotic Nitrogen-Fixing Trees Explains Their Rarity and Successional Decline in Temperate Forests in the United States
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{"title"=>"Demography of symbiotic nitrogen-fixing trees explains their rarity and successional decline in temperate forests in the United States", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Wenying", "last_name"=>"Liao", "scopus_author_id"=>"57191675987"}, {"first_name"=>"Duncan N.L.", "last_name"=>"Menge", "scopus_author_id"=>"12783922900"}], "year"=>2016, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0164522", "sgr"=>"84992405282", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84992405282", "pui"=>"612904493"}, "id"=>"76cb38cb-c930-3aad-9fbd-d2e57b8ed798", "abstract"=>"Symbiotic nitrogen (N) fixation is the major N input to many ecosystems. Although temper- ate forests are commonly N limited, symbiotic N-fixing trees (“N fixers”) are rare and decline in abundance as succession proceeds–a challenging paradox that remains unexplained. Understanding demographic processes that underlie N fixers’ rarity and successional decline would provide a proximate answer to the paradox. Do N fixers grow slower, die more frequently, or recruit less in temperate forests? We quantified demographic rates of N-fixing and non-fixing trees across succession using U.S. forest inventory data.We used an individual-based model to evaluate the relative contribution of each demographic pro- cess to community dynamics. Compared to non-fixers, N fixers had lower growth rates, higher mortality rates, and lower recruitment rates throughout succession. The mortality effect contributed more than the growth effect to N fixers’ successional decline. Canopy and understory N fixers experienced these demographic disadvantages, indicating that fac- tors in addition to light limitation likely contribute to N fixers’ successional decline. Weshow that the rarity and successional decline of N-fixing trees in temperate forests is due more to their survival disadvantage than their growth disadvantage, and a recruitment disadvantage might also play a large role.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/demography-symbiotic-nitrogenfixing-trees-explains-rarity-successional-decline-temperate-forests-uni", "reader_count"=>13, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

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