The Impact of Shame, Self-Criticism and Social Rank on Eating Behaviours in Overweight and Obese Women Participating in a Weight Management Programme
Publication Date
January 20, 2017
Authors
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R. James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, et al
Volume
12
Issue
1
Pages
e0167571
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0167571
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0167571
Scopus
85010403048
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/impact-shame-selfcriticism-social-rank-eating-behaviours-overweight-obese-women-participating-weight
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The impact of shame, self-criticism and social rank on eating behaviours in overweight and obese women participating in a weight management programme", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Cristiana", "last_name"=>"Duarte", "scopus_author_id"=>"44061011200"}, {"first_name"=>"Marcela", "last_name"=>"Matos", "scopus_author_id"=>"36170604900"}, {"first_name"=>"R. James", "last_name"=>"Stubbs", "scopus_author_id"=>"35501378200"}, {"first_name"=>"Corinne", "last_name"=>"Gale", "scopus_author_id"=>"14053738400"}, {"first_name"=>"Liam", "last_name"=>"Morris", "scopus_author_id"=>"56841184900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jose Pinto", "last_name"=>"Gouveia", "scopus_author_id"=>"55279410500"}, {"first_name"=>"Paul", "last_name"=>"Gilbert", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202653297"}], "year"=>2017, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-85010403048", "pui"=>"614169816", "sgr"=>"85010403048", "isbn"=>"1111111111", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"28107449", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0167571"}, "id"=>"1bd61cc1-5f65-3e14-968d-d3c454a9674b", "abstract"=>"Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with per- sonal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions. Correlation analyses showed that shame, self-criticism and social comparison were associated with negative affect. All of these variables were related to eating regulation and weight control (p < 0.001). Path analysis revealed that the association of shame, hated-self, and low self-reassurance on disinhibition and susceptibility to hunger was fully mediated by weight-related negative affect, even when controlling for the effect of depressive symptoms (p < 0.050 to p < 0.010). In addition, feel- ings of inadequacy and unfavourable social comparisons were associated with higher disin- hibition and susceptibility to hunger, partially mediated through weight-related negative affect (p = 0.001). These variables were negatively associated with extent of weight loss dur- ing programme attendance prior to the survey, while self-reassurance and positive social comparisons were positively associated with the extent of weight loss prior to the survey (p < .050). Shame, self-criticism, and perceptions of inferiority may play a significant role in self-regulation of eating behaviour in overweight people trying to manage their weight.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/impact-shame-selfcriticism-social-rank-eating-behaviours-overweight-obese-women-participating-weight", "reader_count"=>35, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>12, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Engineering"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Psychology"=>14, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>14}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Ecuador"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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